The only discovered field of shungit in the world is in Karelia, Russia. The field takes almost one third of its territory. Scientists estimate that it is about 2 billion years old. The rock is similar to coal but lies in very ancient layers of the earth's crust that have been formed when there was no life on the Earth at all. The manifold nature of this place is of unique beauty and the lakes there are remarkably clean. Despite heavy pollution of the local industry Onega Lake remains one of the cleanest in Europe and the ecological situation in the region does not cause any alarm.
Scientists still argue on where shungit came from. There is an assumption that the main substance from which shungit was formed was precipitation of primitive microorganisms living in shallow bays of the ancient ocean. Another version says that the shungit field is a part of a giant meteorite that brought to Earth a piece of a decayed planet Phaethon. Some scientists claim that the form and the structure of shungit have characteristics of eruptive rocks.
More than three centuries ago the inhabitants of Karelia discovered the healing properties of this unusual black (“Aspid” as they used to say) stone. For the first time it was found next to Shunga village. That is why the stone was called “Shungit”. In documents the history of this stone can be traced since XVI century. Tsarina Ksenia, the grandmother of the famous Russian tsar Peter the 1st was exiled to a monastery built in this region next to a healing spring. There she got cured from barrenness and later gave birth to Michail Romanoff, the founder of Romanoff dynasty that ruled Russia for the next 300 years.
When Peter the 1st was told this miraculous story he ordered to open at these springs the first in Russia balneology health resort. The resort got the name of “Marcial Waters” in honour of Mars, the god of war, as most of the patients were the wounded and ill soldiers.
Peter himself was drinking shungit infused water, which, probably, was one of the factors that allowed him to remain his legendary power. Moreover, he ordered the soldiers to disinfect the drinking water by putting a piece of shungit into their pots. This wise decision of the emperor turned out to be an important factor that provided the victory to the Russian army over the Swedes in the famous Poltava Battle. That hot summer there were multiple cases of stomach disorders in Swedish army. And Russians escaped such “troubles” due to the “aspid stone”.
In 1950s further explorations and clinical trials were made by the Soviet government. The results have completely confirmed the delightful references of tsar Peter and his contemporaries. The test drilling has showed that “Marcial Waters” resort stands over a powerful layer of shungit that filters the water of the local healing springs. In 1960 the resort was rebuilt and renewed. Today it still exists and brings good health to thousands of people every year.
The content of carbon in shungit rocks varies from 3.5% to 98%. Accordingly the characteristics and the applications of different types of shungit are different. Here speaking about the characteristics of shungit we will be mainly talking about shungit from Zazhoginskoe deposit. Its rocks have quite homogeneous content and include about 30% of carbon.
The classical shungit has deep velvety-matt black color. As in every mineral it may contain disseminations of other rocks. Most often they are white veins of quartz and golden chalcopyrite. Shungit can be of different hardness – for healing more fragile sorts are used. If you touch it, a distinctive print of black oily dust remains. Goods are made of harder types of shungit. Shungit is easily handled and polished becoming smooth and delicately glittering. The hardest types of shungit are used for construction. It is more grayish, often with white speckled inclusions.
The latest, but the most significant and interesting fact learned about shungit is that it contains fullerenes – recently discovered new form of carbon!
Characteristics of Shungit:
Density: 2,1-2,4 g/cm3
Porosity: up to 5%
Compressive resistance 1000-1200 Kt/cm3
Electroconductivity: 1500 reciprocal ohm/m
Heat conduction coefficient: 5 Watt/m2 oК
Developed interior plain: up to 20 m2/g
High organic and non-organic adsorption activity
Particles of shungit irrespective of their size have bipolar qualities. In consequent it has high adhesion and can be easily mixed with all other substances
Holds strong bactericidal qualities
Structures water and imparts to it healing properties
Total informalion about shungit
The shungite rock is unique formation. It is original by genesis, by structure of carbon contained and by structure of the rock itself.
The shungite rock is fossilized ancient oil. In the present state it is amorphous, non-crystalline, fulleren-like carbon. Its content in the rock is about 30 percent, whereas the silicate materials - quartz and mica - make about 70 percent. The silicate materials possess high dispersity and are homogeneously distri-buted in the carbon.
The properties of shungite rock are determined by two factors: firstly, by properties of shungite carbon and, secondly, by interrelation of carbon and silicates.
The shungite carbon is very active in oxidizing and reduction processes, it has sorption and catalyst properties and is in direct well- developed contact with silicates. This structure and properties of the rock determine the effectiveness of its use in oxidizing and reduction properties in:
blast furnace production of high-silica irons;
production of ferroalloys;
production of yellow phosphorous;
production of silica carbides and nitrides;
as strengthening component in runners masses;
as filler in anti-burn paints.
The sorption, catalyst and reduction properties of shungite rock makes it possible to clean water from many organic and non-organic matters (oil products, pesti-cides, phenols, surface active matters, etc.).
Shungite is a very effective matter to purify tap water from chlorine-organic matters (dioxins, radicals), it demonstrates bactericidal properties. Due to these properties shungite can be used to:
treat water inflow systems of any capacity and in wells too. Shungite offers the easiest and most efficient solution to water supply in regions with scarce water resources;
purify municipal and industrial waste water from many harmful matters;
treat water in swimming pools;
treat water at power stations.
Electrical conductivity properties of shungite rock made it possible to create a whole range of conductive materials:
conductive concrete and bricks;
conductive mortars and plasters;
Basing on these materials we have manufactured heaters, built rooms shielded from electromagnetic field. It is possible to construct warm roads and sidewalks, to easily remove ice from roads.
Fine shungite powder can be mixed with any organic and non-organic fillers. This property of shungite rock allows to use it as:
black pigment in paints (oil and water);
filler in polymer materials (polyethylene, polypropylene, ftoroplast, etc.);
substitute of carbon white and technical carbon in rubbers.
In agriculture the biologically active materials on the basis of shungite rock help to increase productivity of potatoes and immunity to deceases, in fur farms - to improve the quality of fur.
In agriculture the biologically active materials on the basis of shungite rock help to increase productivity of potatoes and immunity to deceases, in fur farms - to improve the quality of fur. It has been noticed, that water coming through the shungite rock has bactericidal properties. Many illnesses, including allergies, can be cured with this water. Water infusions of shungite potions possess the same properties. Therefore it is wise to have shungite infusions in every home to cure wounds, rushes from insect bites and generally to improve skin quality. Deposits of shun-gite rock are located in Medve-zhjegorsk region of republic of Karelia, 5 km from a bay in Onego lake. The capacity of the mining and processing plant is 200 thousand tons per annum. The reserves in Zazhoginskoye deposit are estimated at 35 million tons. There are possibilities to increase the mining and processing capacity. The company owns a jetty on the shore of Onego lake. During navigation period the processed shungite rock is shipped by vessels. Overloading on rail is done in Petrozavodsk and Medve-zhjegorsk. It is possible to take cargo from the company's jetty in Tolvuya to Baltic ports.