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 Trifoglio

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AutoreMessaggio
Tila
Iniziato Sciamano
Iniziato Sciamano


Femminile Serpente
Numero di messaggi : 1826
Data d'iscrizione : 22.03.10
Età : 39
Località : Prov. CN

MessaggioOggetto: Trifoglio   Gio 17 Mar 2011 - 19:42

QUESTA SCHEDA CONTIENE INFORMAZIONI CHE POSSONO GENERARE SITUAZIONI DI PERICOLO E DANNI. I DATI PRESENTI HANNO SOLO UN FINE ILLUSTRATIVO E IN NESSUN CASO ESORTATIVO. PRIMA DI PROSEGUIRE SI PREGA DI LEGGERE ATTENTAMENTE LE AVVERTENZE.


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Admin, oggi San Patrizio (17 marzo) mi sembrava doveroso rendere omaggio al simbolo dell'Irlanda

Il Trifoglio è simbolicamente associato all'amore, alla fortuna (anche se il vero portafortuna è il quadrifoglio), alla protezione, al successo.

Nella leggenda di San Patrizio in particolare si narra che quest'ultimo per spiegare cosa fosse la Santissima Trinità prese una foglia e la divise in tre parti ecco, come vuole la tradizione Irlandese, la nascita di questa pianta.

Degli articoli di wikipedia, soprattutto quelli inerenti a San Patrizio, riporto solo stralci perciò per approfondimenti se ne consiglia la visione ai link originali.

Buona lettura!

FONTE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trifolium

Trifolium
Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rotklee_Trifolium_pratense.jpg

Il trifoglio (Trifolium) è un genere di piante erbacee appartenente alla famiglia delle Fabaceae (o leguminose) e comprendente circa 300 specie. È diffuso nelle regioni temperate dell'emisfero boreale e in quelle montuose dei tropici, e deve il suo nome alla caratteristica forma della foglia, divisa in 3 foglioline (alcune specie però possiedono 5 o 7 foglioline). L'altezza della pianta può arrivare a 30 cm

Trifolium non resiste molto bene al freddo, e predilige i terreni argillosi; tuttavia si adatta a quasi ogni tipo di suolo, purché non sia eccessivamente impregnato d'acqua.

Come molte altre leguminose, il trifoglio ospita fra le sue radici dei batteri simbionti capaci di fissare l'azoto atmosferico; viene utilizzato di conseguenza nel sistema di rotazione delle colture per migliorare la fertilità del suolo. Inoltre, molte specie di trifoglio sono notevolmente ricche di proteine e vengono seminate come foraggio per il bestiame di allevamento.

Il trifoglio (Shamrock) è uno dei simboli non ufficiali dell'Irlanda: la tradizione vuole che sia stato utilizzato dapprima da San Patrizio, l'evangelizzatore dell'isola, e poi da San Colombano, l'evangelizzatore d'Europa, per spiegare il mistero della Trinità.

Storicamente fu venerato dai druidi, conosciuto dai Greci e dai Romani per le proprietà curative.

A volte (circa 1 su 10.000) i trifogli possono avere quattro foglie, questi vengono comunemente chiamati quadrifogli e considerati dei portafortuna.

Sono molto interessanti le proprietà medicamentose della pianta: dal trifoglio si estraggono ormoni vegetali (fitormoni), in particolare estrogeni, validi per rallentare l'invecchiamento di cute e mucose. Tali estrogeni inoltre sono efficaci per disturbi caratteristici delle donne in menopausa, quali vampate, depressione, osteoporosi, malattie cardiovascolari. [1] In anni recenti gli ormoni estratti dal trifoglio si sono rivelati utili anche nell'impiego contro l'ipertrofia prostatica.[2]

Data la sua proprietà di antagonista dell'Ambrosia, pianta infestante della famiglia delle Compositae in rapida diffusione in molte zone del nord Italia, la semenza di trifoglio viene usata in aggiunta alle granaglie per il controllo della diffusione dell'Ambrosia nelle zone agricole.

I due tipi più comuni di trifoglio sono: - Trifoglio rosso (Trifolium pratense, Red clover in inglese) - Trifoglio bianco o ladino (Trifolium repens, White clover in inglese)


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Trifoglio_repens01001.png


FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clover

Clover
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Clover (Trifolium), or trefoil, is a genus of about 300 species of plants in the leguminous pea family Fabaceae. The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution; the highest diversity is found in the temperate Northern Hemisphere, but many species also occur in South America and Africa, including at high altitudes on mountains in the tropics. They are small annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial herbaceous plants. The leaves are trifoliate (rarely 5- or 7-foliate), with stipules adnate to the leaf-stalk, and heads or dense spikes of small red, purple, white, or yellow flowers; the small, few-seeded pods are enclosed in the calyx. Other closely related genera often called clovers include Melilotus (sweet clover) and Medicago (alfalfa or 'calvary clover'). The "shamrock" of popular iconography is sometimes considered to be young clover. The scientific name derives from the Latin tres, "three", and folium, "leaf", so called from the characteristic form of the leaf, which has three leaflets (trifoliate); hence the popular name trefoil. Clovers are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species; see list of Lepidoptera that feed on clovers.


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Trifolium_April_2010-2.jpg

Cultivation

Several species are extensively cultivated as fodder plants. The most widely cultivated clovers are white clover Trifolium repens and red clover Trifolium pratense. Clover, either sown alone or in mixture with ryegrass, has for a long time formed a staple crop for soiling, for several reasons: it grows freely, shooting up again after repeated mowings; it produces an abundant crop; it is palatable to and nutritious for livestock; it grows in a great range of soils and climates; and it is appropriate for either pasturage or green composting.

In many areas, particularly on acidic soil, clover is short-lived because of a combination of insect pests, diseases and nutrient balance; this is known as "clover sickness". When crop rotations are managed so that clover does not recur at intervals shorter than eight years, it grows with much of its pristine vigor.

Clover sickness in more recent times may also be linked to pollinator decline; clovers are most efficiently pollinated by bumblebees, which have declined as a result of agricultural intensification.[3] Honeybees can also pollinate clover, and beekeepers are often in heavy demand from farmers with clover pastures. Farmers reap the benefits of increased reseeding that occurs with increased bee activity, which means that future clover yields remain abundant. Beekeepers benefit from the clover bloom as clover is one of the main nectar sources for honeybees.

T. repens, white or Dutch clover, is a perennial abundant in meadows and good pastures. The flowers are white or pinkish, becoming brown and deflexed as the corolla fades. T. hybridum, alsike or Swedish clover, is a perennial which was introduced early in the 19th century and has now become naturalized in Britain. The flowers are white or rosy, and resemble those of the last species. T. medium, meadow or zigzag clover, a perennial with straggling flexuous stems and rose-purple flowers, is of little agricultural value.

Other South African species are: T. arvense, hare's-foot trefoil; found in fields and dry pastures, a soft hairy plant with minute white or pale pink flowers and feathery sepals; T. fragiferum, orange clover, with hot-grounded, globose, rose-purple heads and swollen calyxes; T. procumbens, hop trefoil, on dry pastures and roadsides, the heads of pale yellow flowers suggesting miniature hops; and the somewhat similar T. minus, common in pastures and roadsides, with smaller heads and small yellow flowers turning dark brown. It is a source of high protein.

Symbolism and mythology

Shamrock, the traditional Irish symbol coined by Saint Patrick for the Holy Trinity, is commonly associated with clover, though sometimes with Oxalis species, which are also trifoliate (i.e., they have three leaves).

Clovers occasionally have leaves with four leaflets, instead of the usual three. These four-leaf clovers, like other rarities, are considered lucky. Clovers can also have five, six, or more leaves, but these are more rare, and are considered to be unlucky. The most ever recorded is fifty-six leaf clover, Retrieved 10 May 2009. This beats the twenty-one leaf clover,[4] a record set in June 2008 by the same man who held the prior record and the current Guinness World Record of eighteen.[5]

A common idiom is "to be (live) in clover", meaning to live a carefree life of ease, comfort, or prosperity. This originally referred to the fact that clover is fattening to cattle.[6]

The cloverleaf interchange is named for the resemblance to the leaves of a (four-leafed) clover when viewed from the air.

Selected species

The genus Trifolium currently has 245 recognized species:[1]

* Trifolium acaule A. Rich.
* Trifolium affine C. Presl
* Trifolium africanum Ser.
* Trifolium aintabense Boiss. & Hausskn.
* Trifolium albopurpureum Torr. & A. Gray
* Trifolium alexandrinum L.
* Trifolium alpestre L.
* Trifolium alpinum L.
* Trifolium amabile Kunth
* Trifolium ambiguum M. Bieb.
* Trifolium amoenum Greene, Showy Indian Clover
* Trifolium andersonii A. Gray
* Trifolium andinum Nutt.
* Trifolium andricum Lassen
* Trifolium angulatum Waldst. & Kit.
* Trifolium angustifolium L.
* Trifolium apertum Bobrov
* Trifolium argutum Banks & Sol.
* Trifolium arvense L., Hare's-foot clover
* Trifolium attenuatum Greene
* Trifolium aureum Pollich, Large Hop Trefoil
* Trifolium baccarinii Chiov.
* Trifolium badium Schreb.
* Trifolium barbeyi Gibelli & Belli
* Trifolium barbigerum Torr.
* Trifolium barnebyi (Isely) Dorn & Lichvar
* Trifolium batmanicum Katzn.
* Trifolium beckwithii W. H. Brewer ex S. Watson
* Trifolium bejariense Moric.
* Trifolium berytheum Boiss. & Blanche
* Trifolium bifidum A. Gray
* Trifolium bilineatum Fresen.
* Trifolium billardierei Spreng.
* Trifolium bivonae Guss.
* Trifolium blancheanum Boiss.
* Trifolium bocconei Savi
* Trifolium boissieri Guss. ex Soy.-Will. & Godr.
* Trifolium bolanderi A. Gray
* Trifolium brandegeei S. Watson
* Trifolium breweri S. Watson
* Trifolium brutium Ten.
* Trifolium buckwestiorum Isely
* Trifolium bullatum Boiss. & Hausskn.
* Trifolium burchellianum Ser.
* Trifolium calcaricum J. L. Collins & Wieboldt
* Trifolium calocephalum Fresen.
* Trifolium campestre Schreb., Hop Trefoil
* Trifolium canescens Willd.
* Trifolium carolinianum Michx.
* Trifolium caucasicum Tausch
* Trifolium caudatum Boiss.
* Trifolium cernuum Brot.
* Trifolium cheranganiense J. B. Gillett
* Trifolium cherleri L.
* Trifolium chilaloense Thulin
* Trifolium chilense Hook. & Arn.
* Trifolium chlorotrichum Boiss. & Balansa
* Trifolium ciliolatum Benth.
* Trifolium cinctum DC.
* Trifolium clusii Godr. & Gren.
* Trifolium clypeatum L.
* Trifolium congestum Guss.
* Trifolium constantinopolitanum Ser.
* Trifolium cryptopodium Steud. ex A. Rich.
* Trifolium cyathiferum Lindl., Cup clover
* Trifolium dalmaticum Vis.
* Trifolium dasyphyllum Torr. & A. Gray
* Trifolium dasyurum C. Presl
* Trifolium davisii M. Hossain
* Trifolium decorum Chiov.
* Trifolium depauperatum Desv.
* Trifolium dichotomum Hook. & Arn.
* Trifolium dichroanthoides Rech. f.
* Trifolium dichroanthum Boiss.
* Trifolium diffusum Ehrh.
* Trifolium dolopium Heldr. & Hausskn. ex Gibelli & Belli
* Trifolium douglasii House
* Trifolium dubium Sibth., Lesser Hop Trefoil
* Trifolium echinatum M. Bieb.
* Trifolium elgonense J. B. Gillett
* Trifolium eriocephalum Nutt.
* Trifolium eriosphaerum Boiss.



* Trifolium erubescens Fenzl
* Trifolium euxinum Zohary
* Trifolium eximium Stephan ex Ser.
* Trifolium fragiferum L.
* Trifolium fucatum Lindl.
* Trifolium gemellum Pourr. ex Willd.
* Trifolium gillettianum Jacq.-Fél.
* Trifolium glanduliferum Boiss.
* Trifolium globosum L.
* Trifolium glomeratum L.
* Trifolium gordejevii (Kom.) Z. Wei
* Trifolium gracilentum Torr. & A. Gray
* Trifolium grandiflorum Schreb.
* Trifolium gymnocarpon Nutt.
* Trifolium haussknechtii Boiss.
* Trifolium haydenii Porter
* Trifolium heldreichianum (Gibelli & Belli) Hausskn.
* Trifolium hirtum All.
* Trifolium howellii S. Watson
* Trifolium hybridum L., Alsike Clover
* Trifolium incarnatum L., Crimson Clover
* Trifolium israeliticum Zohary & Katzn.
* Trifolium isthmocarpum Brot.
* Trifolium jokerstii Vincent & Rand. Morgan
* Trifolium juliani Batt.
* Trifolium kingii S. Watson
* Trifolium lanceolatum (J. B. Gillett) J. B. Gillett
* Trifolium lappaceum L.
* Trifolium latifolium (Hook.) Greene
* Trifolium latinum Sebast.
* Trifolium leibergii A. Nelson & J. F. Macbr.
* Trifolium lemmonii S. Watson
* Trifolium leucanthum M. Bieb.
* Trifolium ligusticum Balb. ex Loisel.
* Trifolium longidentatum Nábelek
* Trifolium longipes Nutt.
* Trifolium lucanicum Gasp. ex Guss.
* Trifolium lugardii Bullock
* Trifolium lupinaster L.
* Trifolium macilentum Greene
* Trifolium macraei Hook. & Arn.
* Trifolium macrocephalum (Pursh) Poir.
* Trifolium masaiense J. B. Gillett
* Trifolium mattirolianum Chiov.
* Trifolium mazanderanicum Rech. f.
* Trifolium medium L.
* Trifolium meduseum Blanche ex Boiss.
* Trifolium meironense Zohary & Lerner
* Trifolium michelianum Savi.
* Trifolium micranthum Viv.
* Trifolium microcephalum Pursh
* Trifolium microdon Hook. & Arn.
* Trifolium miegeanum Maire
* Trifolium monanthum A. Gray
* Trifolium montanum L.
* Trifolium mucronatum Willd. ex Spreng.
* Trifolium multinerve A. Rich.
* Trifolium mutabile Port.
* Trifolium nanum Torr.
* Trifolium neurophyllum Greene
* Trifolium nigrescens Viv.
* Trifolium noricum Wulfen
* Trifolium obscurum Savi
* Trifolium obtusiflorum Hook. & Arn.
* Trifolium ochroleucum Huds.
* Trifolium oliganthum Steud.
* Trifolium ornithopodioides L.
* Trifolium owyheense Gilkey
* Trifolium pachycalyx Zohary
* Trifolium palaestinum Boiss.
* Trifolium pallescens Schreb.
* Trifolium pallidum Waldst. & Kit.
* Trifolium pannonicum Jacq.
* Trifolium parnassi Boiss. & Spruner
* Trifolium parryi A. Gray
* Trifolium patens Schreb.
* Trifolium patulum Tausch
* Trifolium pauciflorum d'Urv.
* Trifolium petitianum A. Rich.
* Trifolium philistaeum Zohary
* Trifolium phitosianum N. Böhling et al.
* Trifolium phleoides Pourr. ex Willd.



* Trifolium physanthum Hook. & Arn.
* Trifolium physodes Steven ex M. Bieb.
* Trifolium pichisermollii J. B. Gillett
* Trifolium pignantii Brongn. & Bory
* Trifolium pilczii Adamović
* Trifolium pilulare Boiss.
* Trifolium pinetorum Greene
* Trifolium plebeium Boiss.
* Trifolium plumosum Douglas
* Trifolium polymorphum Poir.
* Trifolium polyodon Greene
* Trifolium polyphyllum C. A. Mey.
* Trifolium polystachyum Fresen.
* Trifolium praetermissum Greuter et al.
* Trifolium pratense L., Red clover
* Trifolium prophetarum M. Hossain
* Trifolium pseudostriatum Baker f.
* Trifolium purpureum Loisel.
* Trifolium purseglovei J. B. Gillett
* Trifolium quartinianum A. Rich.
* Trifolium radicosum Boiss. & Hohen.
* Trifolium reflexum L.
* Trifolium repens L., Shamrock (white clover)
* Trifolium resupinatum L.
* Trifolium retusum L.
* Trifolium riograndense Burkart
* Trifolium roussaeanum Boiss.
* Trifolium rubens L.
* Trifolium rueppellianum Fresen.
* Trifolium salmoneum Mouterde
* Trifolium saxatile All.
* Trifolium scabrum L.
* Trifolium schimperi A. Rich.
* Trifolium scutatum Boiss.
* Trifolium sebastianii Savi
* Trifolium semipilosum Fresen.
* Trifolium setiferum Boiss.
* Trifolium simense Fresen.
* Trifolium sintenisii Freyn
* Trifolium siskiyouense J. M. Gillett
* Trifolium somalense Taub.
* Trifolium spadiceum L.
* Trifolium spananthum Thulin
* Trifolium spumosum L.
* Trifolium squamosum L.
* Trifolium squarrosum L.
* Trifolium stellatum L.
* Trifolium steudneri Schweinf.
* Trifolium stipulaceum Thunb.
* Trifolium stoloniferum Muhl. ex A. Eaton, Running Buffalo Clover
* Trifolium stolzii Harms
* Trifolium striatum L.
* Trifolium strictum L.
* Trifolium subterraneum L., Subterranean clover
* Trifolium suffocatum L.
* Trifolium sylvaticum Gérard ex Loisel.
* Trifolium tembense Fresen.
* Trifolium thalii Vill.
* Trifolium thompsonii C. V. Morton
* Trifolium tomentosum L.
* Trifolium triaristatum Bertero ex Colla
* Trifolium trichocalyx A. Heller
* Trifolium trichocephalum M. Bieb.
* Trifolium trichopterum Pančić
* Trifolium tumens Steven ex M. Bieb.
* Trifolium ukingense Harms
* Trifolium uniflorum L.
* Trifolium usambarense Taub.
* Trifolium variegatum Nutt.
* Trifolium vavilovii Eig
* Trifolium velebiticum Degen
* Trifolium velenovskyi Vandas
* Trifolium vernum Phil.
* Trifolium vesiculosum Savi
* Trifolium vestitum D. Heller & Zohary
* Trifolium virginicum Small
* Trifolium wentzelianum Harms
* Trifolium wettsteinii Dörfl. & Hayek
* Trifolium wigginsii J. M. Gillett
* Trifolium willdenovii Spreng., Tomcat clover
* Trifolium wormskioldii Lehm., Cow clove

References

1. ^ a b "Species Nomenclature in GRIN". http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/splist.pl?12357. Retrieved 2010-08-04.
2. ^ a b c d e f "Genus Nomenclature in GRIN". http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/gnlist.pl?1558. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
3. ^ Bumbles make beeline for gardens, study suggests Retrieved 27 November 2010.
4. ^ 21-leaf Clover Sets Record. Neatorama. Retrieved 7 December 2008.
5. ^ Clover - Most Leaves. Guinness World Record. Retrieved 7 December 2008. - (illustrating a stem with eighteen leaflets discovered in Hanamaki City, Japan, in May 2002)
6. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. "clover", Online Etymology Dictionary, s.v. "clover".

* This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (Eleventh ed.). Cambridge University Press.
* Quattrofolium



FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Patrick

In legend

St. Patrick banishes snakes from Ireland

Pious legend credits St. Patrick with banishing snakes from the island[55], chasing them into the sea after they assailed him during a 40-day fast he was undertaking on top of a hill, [56]. In religious iconography this myth is reminiscent of Siddharta's experience during the trance in which he became realized as Buddha, inverting the snake Mucalinda's protection of the spiritualist from rainwater[57]; Patrick being evangelist of Christianity in Ireland, his story also draws on the mythography of the staff of Moses, messenger of Yahweh to gentile Egyptians, becoming a snake, swallowing the snakes manifested by the pharoah of Egypt's court sorcerors, considered in Christian terms to be pagan religious officials succumbing to the Judeo-Christian God's superiority.[58]

However, all evidence suggests that post-glacial Ireland never had snakes, as on insular "Ireland, New Zealand, Iceland, Greenland, and Antarctica...So far, no serpent has successfully migrated across the open ocean to a new terrestrial home" such as from Scotland on the mainland of the neighboring island of Britain, where a few native species have lived, "the venomous adder, the grass snake, and the smooth snake," as National Geographic notes,[59] and although sea snake species separately exist[60]. [61] "At no time has there ever been any suggestion of snakes in Ireland, so [there was] nothing for St. Patrick to banish," says naturalist Nigel Monaghan, keeper of natural history at the National Museum of Ireland in Dublin, who has searched extensively through Irish fossil collections and records[62]. The List of reptiles of Ireland has only one land reptile species native to Ireland, the viviparous or common lizard.

The only biological candidate species for appearing like a native snake in Ireland is the slow worm, actually a legless lizard, a non-native species more recently found in The Burren region of County Clare as recorded since the early 1970s, as noted by the National Parks and Wildlife Service of Ireland, which suspects it was deliberately introduced in the 1960s. So far, the slow worm's territory in the wild has not spread beyond the Burren's limestone region which is rich in wildlife[63].

One suggestion is that snakes referred to the serpent symbolism of the Druids[64] during that time and place, as exampled on coins minted in Gaul (see Carnutes). Chris Weigant connects "Big tattoos of snakes" on Druids' arms as "Irish schoolchildren are taught" with the way in which, in the legend of St. Patrick banishishing snakes, the "story goes to the core of Patrick's sainthood and his core mission in Ireland."[65]

St. Patrick uses shamrock in an illustrative parable

Legend (dating to 1726, according to the OED) also credits St. Patrick with teaching the Irish about the doctrine of the Holy Trinity by showing people the shamrock, a three-leafed clover, using it to illustrate the Christian teaching of 'three divine persons in the one God.'[66] For this reason, shamrocks have definitely become a central symbol for St Patrick’s Day.

Nevertheless, the shamrock was also seen as sacred in the pre-Christian days in Ireland. Due to its green color and overall shape, many viewed it as representing rebirth and eternal life. The number three was sacred to the Morrigan, the "Triple Goddess" of ancient Ireland, most commonly identified as the "Badb", "Macha", and "Nemain".

St. Patrick's dead ash wood walking stick grows into a living tree

Some Irish legends involve the Oilliphéist, the Caoránach, and the Copóg Phádraig. During his evangelising journey back to Ireland from his parent's home at Birdoswald, he is understood to have carried with him an ash wood walking stick or staff. He thrust this stick into the ground wherever he was evangelising and at the place now known as Aspatria (ash of Patrick) the message of the dogma took so long to get through to the people there that the stick had taken root by the time he was ready to move on.

St. Patrick speaks with ancient Irish ancestors who were born long before his time

The 12th century work Acallam na Senórach tells of Patrick being met by two ancient warriors, Caílte mac Rónáin and Oisín, during his evangelical travels. The two were once members of Fionn mac Cumhaill's warrior band the Fianna, and somehow survived to Patrick's time.



FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shamrock

Shamrock
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Trifolium_repens_Leaf_April_2,_2010.jpg

The shamrock (♣) is a symbol of Ireland. It is a three-leafed old white clover. The name shamrock is derived from Irish seamróg, which is the diminutive version of the Irish word for clover (seamair).

It is sometimes of the variety Trifolium repens (white clover, Irish: seamair bhán) but today usually Trifolium dubium (lesser clover, Irish: seamair bhuí). However, other three-leafed plants—such as Medicago lupulina, Trifolium pratense, and Oxalis—are sometimes designated as shamrocks. The shamrock was traditionally used for its medical properties and was a popular motif in Victorian times.

Badge of Ireland
History

According to what the Oxford English Dictionary calls "a late tradition" (first recorded in 1726), the plant was used by Saint Patrick to illustrate the Christian doctrine of the Trinity. However, the posthumous timing of this legend (coming some 1,200 years after his death), and the lack of supporting evidence found in St. Patrick's writings have caused some to question its authenticity.[1] In the pre-Christian era Celtic moon cult the shamrock symbolised the three phases of the moon [2]

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