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 Colomba e piccione - Dove and pigeons

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AutoreMessaggio
Tila
Iniziato Sciamano
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Femminile Serpente
Numero di messaggi : 1826
Data d'iscrizione : 22.03.10
Età : 39
Località : Prov. CN

MessaggioOggetto: Colomba e piccione - Dove and pigeons   Sab 20 Ago 2011 - 8:30

Abbiamo avuto modo di vedere già con altri totem, come il toro e la mucca o la pecora, il montone e l'ariete, che hanno una simbologia diversa pur appartenendo alla stessa famiglia o semplicemente se sono di sesso opposto.

Tra le curiosità e il simbolismo scopriremo che la colomba, in genere considerata solo come simbolo di pace, è in realtà ben più di questo.

In Cina ad esempio era associata sia alla Madre Terra che alla fertilità.

Nella prima parte, come di consueto, proponiamo alcuni stralci dei documenti di wikipedia per conoscere le caratteristiche e i comportamenti di questi animali, per approfondimenti consigliamo la visione anche ai link originali.

Buona lettura.


FONTE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbidae

Columbidae
Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.

I Columbidi (Columbidae Illiger, 1811) sono una famiglia di uccelli che comprende oltre 300 specie suddivise in 5 sottofamiglie e 42 generi. Di questa famiglia, il piccione (Columba livia) è la specie maggiormente diffusa in Italia e il suo nome viene spesso esteso a tutto il genere.

Distribuzione e habitat

I colombi sono animali che oggigiorno popolano le città, anche se il loro habitat naturale è rappresentato dalle scogliere. Da qui deriva la loro abitudine di vivere sui cornicioni degli edifici e la notevole abilità - in quanto gli uccelli da scogliera devono riuscire a virare in spazi molto ristretti - con la quale riescono ad evitare gli ostacoli improvvisi (come le auto). Infatti i muscoli delle loro ali sono i più potenti tra gli uccelli, se rapportati alle loro dimensioni.

Attualmente i colombi sono presenti praticamente ovunque tranne che al Polo Sud; l'adattabilità a ogni clima e la loro capacità di cibarsi di qualsiasi cosa, benché prediligano i semi, li rendono una fra le famiglie animali più resistenti del pianeta[senza fonte].


FONTE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columba_livia

Columba livia
Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.

Il Piccione selvatico occidentale (Columba livia Gmelin 1789) è una specie di Columbide abbastanza diffusa; dalla sua forma domestica Columba livia var. domestica, che include i piccioni viaggiatori e numerose razze ornamentali e da carne, discendono i colombi semi-selvatici diffusi sia in Italia che all'estero, soprattutto nelle piazze delle grandi città. La forma selvatica è strettamente affine al Piccione selvatico orientale (Columba rupestris) e al Piccione delle nevi (Columba leuconota), con le quali forma un gruppo di specie ad anello.

Aspetti morfologici

Di aspetto simile al colombaccio (Columba palumbus), se ne distingue per:

la mancanza delle macchie bianche attorno al collo;
il becco bruno anziché rosso e giallo;
la mancanza di una linea bianca che attraversa superiormente l'ala del colombaccio;
il groppone bianco;
le dimensioni leggermente inferiori.
L'uccello è lungo 30-35 cm con apertura alare di 62-68 cm La parte posteriore sotto le ali bianca è la migliore caratteristica identificativa del piccione, ma anche le due linee nere che corrono sulle ali grigie. La coda è bordata di bianco. La testa e il collo sono grigio blu scuro nell'adulto con riflessi smeraldini. Gli occhi sono arancioni e possono essere circondati da anelli grigio-bianco. Le zampe sono rossastre.

È resistente e veloce nel volo. La vita di un piccione comune varia dai 3 ai 5 anni allo stato selvatico, ma può raggiungere anche 15 anni per le razze addomesticate.

Non è facile distinguere i due sessi, solo quando stanno insieme si può osservare il tipico comportamento del maschio che corteggia la femmina gonfiando il collo, roteando più volte su se stesso in una bizzarra danza ed emettendo un suono rugoloso, in gergo "BRU" ; è inoltre a volte possibile distinguere la femmina dalla statura, spesso leggermente più piccola, e dal fatto che a volte si lascia rincorrere dal pretendente.

Durante l'accoppiamento, il maschio e la femmina si prendono per il becco e piegano il collo a vicenda molte volte, fino a quando la femmina non si accovaccia ed il maschio le salta sulla schiena per fecondarla.

La coppia cova due uova di colore bianco deposte dalla femmina, per 21 giorni si alternano di giorno la femmina e di notte il maschio. I nascituri saranno alimentati dalla coppia per i primi 5 giorni con una specie di latte proveniente dal gozzo dei genitori e per i giorni successivi l'alimentazione sarà un mix tra latte, semi di grano, semi di granturco e altro che i genitori possono facilmente trovare.

In un mese i piccoli sono pronti per volare ed abbandonare il nido e solo dopo sei mesi sono in grado di riprodursi.


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Columba_livia.jpg


Attribuzione: Forest & Kim Starr
FONTE IMMAGINE: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Starr_061224-2847_Trifolium_repens.jpg?uselang=it


FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbidae

Columbidae
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pigeons and doves constitute the bird family Columbidae within the order Columbiformes, which include some 300 species of near passerines. In general terms "dove" and "pigeon" are used somewhat interchangeably. In ornithological practice, there is a tendency for "dove" to be used for smaller species and "pigeon" for larger ones, but this is in no way consistently applied, and historically the common names for these birds involve a great deal of variation between the terms "dove" and "pigeon." This family occurs worldwide, but the greatest variety is in the Indomalaya and Australasia ecozones. Young doves and pigeons are called "squabs."

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks, and have short slender bills with a fleshy cere. The species commonly referred to just as "pigeon" is the Feral Rock Pigeon, common in many cities.

Doves and pigeons build relatively flimsy nests from sticks and other debris, which may be placed in trees, on ledges or on the ground, depending on species. They lay one or two eggs, and both parents care for the young, which leave the nest after 7 to 28 days.[1] Doves feed on seeds, fruit and plants. Unlike most other birds (but see flamingo), the doves and pigeons produce "crop milk", which is secreted by a sloughing of fluid-filled cells from the lining of the crop. Both sexes produce this highly nutritious substance to feed to the young.


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rock_dove_-_natures_pics.jpg


Biology

Morphology

Pigeons and doves exhibit considerable variations in size. The largest species are the crowned pigeons of New Guinea, which are nearly turkey-sized, at a weight of 2-4 kilograms (4.4-8.8 lbs.) The smallest are the New World ground-doves of the genus Columbina, which are the same size as a House Sparrow and weigh as little as 22 grams.[2] With a total length of more than 50 centimeters (19 in) and weight of almost a kilo (2 lb), the largest arboreal species is the Marquesan Imperial-pigeon, while the Dwarf Fruit Dove, which may measure as little as 13 centimeters (5.1 in), has a marginally smaller total length than any other species from this family.[2] Smaller species tend to be known as doves, while larger species as pigeons, but there is no taxonomic basis for distinguishing between the two.

Overall, the Columbidae tend to have short bills and legs, small heads on large compact bodies. The wings are large and have low wing loadings; pigeons have strong wing muscles (wing muscles comprise 31–44% of their body weight) and are amongst the strongest fliers of all birds. They are also highly maneuverable in flight.

The plumage of the family is variable. Granivorous species tend to have dull plumage, with a few exceptions, whereas the frugivorous species have brightly coloured plumage.[2] The Ptilinopus fruit doves are some of the brightest coloured pigeons, with the three endemic species of Fiji and the Indian Ocean Alectroenas being amongst the brightest coloured. Pigeons and doves may be sexually monochromatic or dichromatic. In addition to bright colours pigeons may sport crests or other ornamentation.

Like some other birds, the Columbidae have no gall bladder.[3] Some medieval naturalists concluded that they have no gall, which in the medieval theory of the four humours explained the allegedly sweet disposition of doves.[4] In fact, however, they do have gall (as Aristotle already realised), which is secreted directly into the gut.[5]


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Columbina_passerina.jpg


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Treron_Sieboldii.jpg

Evolutionary speculations

This family is a highly coherent group with no members showing obvious links with other bird families, or vice versa. The dodo and solitaires are clearly related, as discussed below, but equally lacking in obvious links with other bird families. The limited fossil record also consists only of unequivocal Columbidae species. Links to the sandgrouse and parrots have been suggested, but resemblances to the first group are due to convergent evolution[citation needed] and the second depend on the parrot-like features of the Tooth-billed Pigeon. However, the distinctive features of that bird seem to have arisen from its specialized diet rather than a real relationship to the parrots[citation needed].

The family is usually divided into five subfamilies, but this is probably inaccurate. For example, the American ground and quail doves which are usually placed in the Columbinae seem to be two distinct subfamilies.[6] The order presented here follows Baptista et al. (1997) with some updates (Johnson & Clayton 2000, Johnson et al. 2001, Shapiro et al. 2002).

The arrangement of genera and naming of subfamilies is in some cases provisional because analysis of different DNA sequences yield results that differ, often radically, in the placement of certain (mainly Indo-Australian) genera. This ambiguity, probably caused by long branch attraction, seems to confirm that the first pigeons evolved in the Australasian region, and that the "Treronidae" and allied forms (crowned and pheasant pigeons, for example) represent the earliest radiation of the group.

As the Dodo and Rodrigues Solitaire are in all likelihood part of the Indo-Australian radiation that produced the 3 small subfamilies mentioned above with the fruit doves and -pigeons (including the Nicobar Pigeon), they are here included as a subfamily Raphinae, pending better material evidence of their exact relationships.

Exacerbating these issues, columbids are not well represented in the fossil record. No truly primitive forms have been found to date. The genus Gerandia has been described from Early Miocene deposits of France, but while it was long believed[citation needed] to be a pigeon it is more likely a sandgrouse[citation needed]. Fragmentary remains of a probably "ptilinopine" Early Miocene pigeon were found in the Bannockburn Formation of New Zealand and described as Rupephaps; "Columba" prattae from roughly contemporary deposits of Florida is nowadays tentatively separated in Arenicolumba, but its distinctness from Patagioenas needs to be more firmly established. Apart from that, all other fossils belong to extant genera. For these, and for the considerable number of more recently extinct prehistoric species, see the respective genus accounts.

Relationship with humans

Military

The pigeon has contributed to both World War I and II, notably by the Australian, French, German, American, and UK forces. 32 Pigeons have been decorated with the Dickin Medal for war contributions, including Commando, G.I. Joe, Paddy, and William of Orange.

A grand ceremony was held in Buckingham Palace to commemorate a platoon of pigeons that braved the battlefields of Normandy to deliver vital plans to Allied forces on the fringes of Germany. Three of the actual birds that received the medals are on show in the London Military Museum so that well wishers can pay their respects.

Domestication

The Rock Pigeon has been domesticated for hundreds of years. It has been bred into several varieties kept by hobbyists, of which the best known is the homing pigeon or racing homer. Other popular breeds are tumbling pigeons such as the Birmingham Roller and fancy varieties that are bred for certain physical characteristics, such as large feathers on the feet or fan-shaped tails. Domesticated Rock Pigeons are also bred as Carrier pigeons, used for thousands of years to carry brief written messages, and Release Doves used in ceremonies.

In religion

In the Hebrew Bible, doves or young pigeons are acceptable burnt offerings for those who can't afford a more expensive animal. In the book of Genesis, Noah sent out a dove after the great flood in order to determine how far the floodwaters had receded. Dove is also a term of endearment in the Song of Songs and elsewhere.

Jesus's parents sacrifice doves on his behalf after his circumcision.(Luke 2:24) Later the Holy Spirit descended upon Jesus at his baptism like a dove (Matthew 3:16), and subsequently the dove became a common Christian symbol of the Holy Spirit.

In Islam, doves and the pigeon clan in general are respected and favoured because they are believed to have assisted the final prophet of Islam, Muhammad, in distracting his enemies outside the cave of Thaw'r in the great Hijra.

FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feral_Pigeon

Feral Pigeon
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Feral pigeons (Columba livia), also called city doves, city pigeons or street pigeons, are derived from domestic pigeons that have returned to the wild.[1] The domestic pigeon was originally bred from the wild Rock Pigeon, which naturally inhabits sea-cliffs and mountains.[2] All three types readily interbreed. Feral pigeons find the ledges of buildings to be a substitute for sea cliffs, and have become adapted to urban life and are abundant in towns and cities throughout much of the world.[3]

Cities famous for pigeons

Many city squares are famous for their large pigeon populations, for example, the Piazza San Marco in Venice, and Trafalgar Square in London. For many years, the pigeons in Trafalgar Square were considered a tourist attraction, with street vendors selling packets of seeds for visitors to feed the pigeons. The feeding of the Trafalgar Square pigeons was controversially banned[4] in 2003 by London mayor Ken Livingstone. However, activist groups such as Save the Trafalgar Square Pigeons[5] flouted the ban, feeding the pigeons from a small part of the square that is under the control of Westminster City Council, not the mayor. The organisation has since come to an agreement to feed the pigeons only once a day, at 7:30 a.m.[6]


London's Trafalgar Square.
FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:PigeonsVermin.jpg

Cooing

Wendell Levi in his book The Pigeon describes the crowing (cooing) in pigeons as mostly being associated with strutting and fighting in cock (male) birds.[2] Hens (females) will coo, but this is noticeably less guttural than the cock birds. Cooing is also more frequent at mating and nesting time between pairs. Both parents share the incubation of their eggs.



FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rock_pigeons_on_cliffs.jpg


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:White-dove.JPG?uselang=it
Tornare in alto Andare in basso
Tila
Iniziato Sciamano
Iniziato Sciamano


Femminile Serpente
Numero di messaggi : 1826
Data d'iscrizione : 22.03.10
Età : 39
Località : Prov. CN

MessaggioOggetto: Re: Colomba e piccione - Dove and pigeons   Lun 22 Ago 2011 - 7:50

Dopo aver visto alcune caratteristiche e comportamenti, grazie alle schede di wikipedia, conosceremo insieme parte della simbologia e altre curiosità legate alla colomba.

Naturalmente la colomba è nota per essere il simbolo della pace ma, come vedremo nei seguenti documenti, la colomba ha un profondo spirito di sacrificio materno, è legata alla madre terra e alla creatività, al femminile, alla figura di Afrodite (dea dell'amore)...

Buona lettura!

FONTE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colomba_dello_Spirito_Santo

Colomba dello Spirito Santo
Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.

La colomba dello Spirito Santo è uno dei simboli più diffusi nell'iconografia cristiana.


Colomba dello Spirito Santo, San Pietro in Vaticano
FONTE IMMAGINE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Holy_Spirit_as_Dove_%28detail%29.jpg


Storia

Fin quasi dagli albori del Cristianesimo la colomba, animale dalla natura dolce e mite, è stato un simbolo di purezza e innocenza, che ha poi rappresentato l'intervento divino in alcuni episodi.

Come simbolo di mitezza è usata in vari episodi biblici. Per gli ebrei Giona (Yohnàh, "colombo") era ed è un nome maschile comune (Gna 1,1). In Ca 5,2 e 6,9 “Mia colomba” è un appellativo affettuoso rivolto alla Sulamita dal pastore innamorato e in Ca 1,15 e 4,1 gli occhi dolci di una ragazza sono paragonati a occhi di colomba.

Come simbolo di volontà divina è pure citata in alcuni passi della Bibbia. Nella Genesi (8, 11) è una colomba a portare a Noè il rametto d'ulivo che annuncia la fine del Diluvio universale e l'inizio della salvezza e di una nuova era di pace tra Dio e gli uomini. In Matteo 3,16 la colomba viene vista scendere dal cielo da Giovanni Battista durante il Battesimo di Cristo. Per questo inizilamente l'animale venne associato al battesimo (come in Tertulliano o in rappresentazioni artistiche del IV secolo).

Nei codici miniati del V e VI secolo la colomba si era però già slegata dal significato uniocamente legato al battesimo, per assumere il ruolo di simbolo dello Spirito Santo, in episodi come l'Annunciazione o le raffigurazioni della Trinità (come fece dipingere san Paolino a Nola nel V secolo).

In seguito la colomba ebbe un significato ancora più ampio, arrivando a contraddistiguere tutte le azioni divine nell'umanità. Ad esempio nel IX secolo si trova san Gregorio comunemente affiancato da una colomba che rappresentava l'ispirazione divina che lo assisteva. Nel XV secolo una miniatura mostra una colomba accanto a Daniele tra i leoni.


Bibliografia

Edouard Urech, Paolo Piazzesi, Franca Fiorentino Piazzesi, Dizionario dei simboli cristiani, Edizioni Arkeios, 1995 ISBN 9788886495035 online


FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doves_as_symbols

Doves as symbols
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Doves, usually white in color, are used in a variety of settings as symbols of love, peace or as messengers. Doves appear in the symbology of Judaism and Christianity and of both military and pacifist groups.

Christianity and Judaism

Peace symbol

Doves, usually meaning domesticated Rock Pigeons, are a traditional Christian symbol of love and peace, see Peace dove.

Noah's Ark

According to the biblical story, a dove was released by Noah after the flood in order to find land; it came back carrying an olive leaf in its beak, telling Noah that, somewhere, there was land.

The Holy Spirit

In Christian Iconography, a dove also symbolizes the Holy Spirit, in reference to Matthew 3:16 and Luke 3:22 where the Holy Spirit is compared to a dove at the Baptism of Jesus. The early Christians in Rome incorporated into their funerary art the image of a dove carrying an olive branch, often accompanied by the word "Peace". It seems that they derived this image from the simile in the Gospels, combining it with the symbol of the olive branch, which had been used to represent peace by the Greeks and Romans. The dove and olive branch also appeared in Christian images of Noah's ark. The fourth century Vulgate translated the Hebrew alay zayit (leaf of olive) in Genesis 8:11 as ramum olivae (branch of olive). By the fifth century, Augustine of Hippo wrote in On Christian Doctrine that, "perpetual peace is indicated by the olive branch (oleae ramusculo) which the dove brought with it when it returned to the ark."

Christian weddings

Doves or other birds are sometimes released at Christian weddings. They are generally the valued property of individuals who provide them specifically for this purpose. They are regularly permitted to fly free from their home dove cotes and therefore know very well how to fly back home after leaving the scene of the marriage ceremony. All rock pigeons are capable of homing over such short distances, but occasionally birds may be distracted by finding a mate or be caught by a predator.


Peace and pacifism in politics

Doves are often associated with the concept of peace and pacifism. They often appear in political cartoons, on banners and signs at events promoting peace (such as the Olympic Games, at various anti-war/anti-violence protests, etc.), and in pacifist literature. A person who is a pacifist is sometimes referred to as a dove (similarly, in American politics, a person who advocates the use of military resources as opposed to diplomacy can be referred to as a hawk). Picasso's lithograph, La Colombe (The Dove), a traditional, realistic picture of a pigeon, without an olive branch, was chosen as the emblem for the World Peace Congress in Paris in April 1949.[1] The dove became a symbol for the peace movement and the ideals of the Communist Party and was used in Communist demonstrations of the period. At the 1950 World Peace Congress in Sheffield, Picasso said that his father had taught him to paint doves, concluding, "I stand for life against death; I stand for peace against war."[2][3] At the 1952 World Peace Congress in Berlin, Picasso's Dove was depicted in a banner above the stage. Anti-communists had their own take on the peace dove: the group Paix et Liberté distributed posters titled La colombe qui fait BOUM (the dove that goes BOOM), showing the peace dove metamorphosing into a Soviet tank.[4]

Royal Air Force

Rock pigeons selectively bred for their ability to home over long distances, called homing pigeons, have served humans in times of war as war pigeons, and have even been awarded war medals to honour their services to humanity. These include the homing pigeon, Cher Ami, who received the French Croix de guerre for services during wartime, and who is now enshrined in the Smithsonian Institution, and G.I. Joe, who received the Dickin Medal for his role in preventing the bombing of an Italian village of over 1,000 people.

The rock dove is, due to its relation to the homing pigeon and thus communications, the main image in the crest of the Tactical Communications Wing, a body within the Royal Air Force. Below the crest is the Wing's motto, "Ubique Loquimur" or "We Speak Everywhere."


FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_symbols

The dove and olive branch

Christianity

Early Christians in Rome portrayed baptism with a dove holding a branch in its beak, a symbol they used on their sepulchres as an allegory of peace.[8] The dove appears in many funerary inscriptions in the Roman catacombs, sometimes accompanied by the words in pace (Latin for "in peace"). For example, in the Catacomb of Callixtus there is a representation of a dove and branch next to a Latin inscription meaning "Nicella, God’s virgin, who lived for more or less 35 years. She was placed [here] 15 days before the Kalends of May [17th April]. For the well deserving one in peace."[13] In another there is a shallow relief sculpture showing a dove with a branch flying to a figure marked in Greek ΕΙΡΗΝΗ (Eirene, or Peace).[14]

Christians derived the symbol of the dove and olive branch from two sources. The first was the New Testament comparison between a dove and the Spirit of God that descended on Jesus during his baptism.[Mt 3:16] The second was the pagan symbol of the olive branch.[15] The New Testament comparison has a parallel in the Talmud, which says that "the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters like a dove",[16][17] but in Jewish tradition the olive branch is not used as a peace symbol. Although in the Bible story of Noah and the Flood, a dove returns to Noah holding an olive leaf in its mouth,[Gen 8:11] this is not said to represent peace either in the text or in rabbinic explanations, which interpreted the olive leaf as a remnant of the Garden of Eden.[18][19][20] Neither in the Hebrew Bible nor the New Testament is peace ever mentioned in connection with the dove or the olive leaf.[6]

In the earliest Christian art, the peace represented by the dove was the peace of the soul, not civil peace, but from the third century the dove began to be shown in situations of conflict such as Noah and the Ark, Daniel and the lions, the three young men in the furnace and Susannah and the Elders.[21][22] Before the Peace of Constantine (313 AD), in which Rome ceased its persecution of Christians, Noah is normally shown in an attitude of prayer, a dove with an olive branch nearly always flying toward him or alighting on his outstretched hand. According to Snyder, "The Noah story afforded the early Christian community an opportunity to express piety and peace in a vessel that withstood the threatening environment" of Roman persecution.[21] For Budde and Prigent, the dove refers to the descending of the Holy Spirit rather than the peace associated with Noah. After the Peace of Constantine, Noah appeared only occasionally in Christian art.[21]

By the fifth century, St Augustine of Hippo had interpreted the dove and olive leaf in Noah as a peace symbol. He may be the originator of that attribution or he may have derived it from a tendentious translation of the story of Noah from Hebrew into Latin. In his fourth century Latin Bible (the Vulgate), St Jerome rendered the Hebrew Bible's "olive leaf" (עלה זית alay zayit) as "olive branch" (ramum olivae). Subsequently, Augustine wrote in On Christian Doctrine that, "perpetual peace is indicated by the olive branch (oleae ramusculo) that the dove brought with it when it returned to the ark."[23]

Jerome and Augustine thus fixed the idea of the dove in Noah as carrying an olive branch rather than a leaf. Medieval illuminated manuscripts such as the Holkham Bible showed the dove returning to Noah with a branch,[24] and Wycliff's Bible, which translated the Vulgate into English in the 14th century, uses "olive branch" in Gen. 8:11. Even illuminations in Jewish manuscripts in the middle ages could show Noah's dove with an olive branch, for example, the Golden Haggadah.[25] However, English Bibles from the 17th century King James Bible onwards, which translate Noah direct from Hebrew, use "olive leaf".

Secular representations

An olive branch held by a dove was used as a peace symbol in 18th century America. A £2 note of North Carolina (1771) depicted the dove and olive with a motto meaning: "Peace restored". Georgia's $40 note of 1778 portrayed the dove and olive and a hand holding a dagger, with a motto meaning "Either war or peace, prepared for both."[6]

A German war loan poster of 1917 (see Gallery below) showed the head of an eagle over a dove of peace in flight, with the text, "Subscribe to the War Loan".

Picasso's lithograph, La Colombe (The Dove), a traditional, realistic picture of a pigeon, without an olive branch, was chosen as the emblem for the World Peace Congress in Paris in April 1949.[26] The dove became a symbol for the peace movement and the ideals of the Communist Party and was used in Communist demonstrations of the period. At the 1950 World Peace Congress in Sheffield, Picasso said that his father had taught him to paint doves, concluding, "I stand for life against death; I stand for peace against war."[27][28] At the 1952 World Peace Congress in Berlin, Picasso's Dove was depicted in a banner above the stage. The dove symbol was used extensively in the post-war peace movement.[citation needed] Anti-communists had their own take on the peace dove: the group Paix et Liberté distributed posters titled La colombe qui fait BOUM (the dove that goes BOOM), showing the peace dove metamorphosing into a Soviet tank.[29]




FONTE: http://animalitotem.wordpress.com/2008/02/04/animali-dalla-a-alla-d/

COLOMBA – Per nutrire sentimenti di pace, serenità, tranquillità ed essere in armonia con se stessi e con gli altri. Permette di acquietare la mente e di sperimentare la gloria di Dio nel momento presente. Alimenta il senso della presenza del divino e ci aiuta ad accettare la vita come una benedizione.



FONTE: http://www.whats-your-sign.com/dove-symbolism.html

Dove Symbolism

The dove has seemingly inexhaustible sources of symbolic flavor throughout most histories, cultures and myth.

Did you know doves produce their own milk? Yep, it's called "crop milk" or "pigeons milk." It's an oddity in nature for birds to produce their own milk to feed their young. From this unique ability, we can glean symbolism of nurturing. In fact, doves are commonly considered a symbol of motherhood.

Doves often cease their foraging for food just before their babies are born. This temporary starvation insures a pure formulation of milk (otherwise their offspring could not digest bits of solid food in the milk). That's another confirmation about maternal attributes as well as self-sacrifice for the sake of their progeny. Check out my page on mother-bird symbolism for more info.

The dove is even associated with several mother figures in historical dove symbolism. Take the Mother Mary in Christian legend. The dove is commonly seen in Christian art with Mary as a symbol of care, devotion, purity and peace. The dove is a companion of Ishtar too, the Great Mother of Assyrian culture. In this motherly light, the dove elicits a promise of hope and salvation.

A quick keyword run-down of dove symbolism:

Love
Grace
Promise
Devotion
Divinity
Holiness
Sacrifice
Maternal
Ascension
Purification
Messenger
Hopefulness

Aphrodite (Venus in Roman myth), the voluptuous goddess-mother of love, is often featured with a dove nearby in artistic portrait. Here we get the sense of higher love; a love that is as large as the goddess herself. A kind of love that turns a blind eye to the typical foibles and downfalls of mankind - and sees right into the heart of pure potential that is revealed only by viewing the soul through the lenses of love. As a love symbol, the dove conveys a kind of soulful ascension - a higher admiration for the true value of unconditional love.

Perhaps it's her softly lulling coos that won the dove's position so close to Ishtar's, Mother Marys and Aphrodite's heart. Open your psychic ears at dawn and dusk and become enchanted by their rippling vocalizations. One can't help but become subdued by their gentle love-calls. Sweet churbles and downy wurbles are testimony to a divinely calming presence among us.

And speaking of divine presences, the dove symbolism is often equated to heavenly visitations. John the Baptist even remarked (Matthew 3:16) how the "Spirit of God descended like a dove upon us." Methinks this is more than poetic license. Why? Because, almost unanimously birds (of all kinds) have been viewed as celestial messengers. Doves in particular - with their docile appearance and soft ministrations - can easily be angelic doppelgangers: Angels in the guise of avian benefactors. Hey, anything is possible.

Coming down (just a notch) off of that high-spirited comparison, doves in actuality are kind of fussy. Observe them in groups, and you'll note they can be twitchy and nervous-nellies. I like to think of this as a sign of their highly developed sense of presence. They are intimately aware of their environment (having been hunted for centuries for their tasty breast meat - who can blame their skittishness?).

This kind of high sense of awareness reminds me of Hachiman, a Japanese god of war who claims the dove as a sacred symbol. Amidst clamor, battle and jarring conflict, the dove of Hachiman is a symbol of the peace that will (ideally) ensue after war has ended.

The war-association with dove symbolism inevitably leads us to the concept of death. Well, not death per se - more appropriately, the dove is a symbol of the souls sojourn after physical life has retired. Slavic legend claims the dove is a symbol of the souls release from earth-bound duty. In fact, when a dove is seen, it is a clear sign of the soul's return to celestial realms. Furthermore, the dove's most popular appearance in spiritual consciousness is that of the Holy Spirit in Christian wisdom.



FONTE: http://www.linsdomain.com/totems/pages/dove.htm

DOVE

Feminine, Peace, Maternity, Prophecy

The dove is the embodiment of maternal instinct.
She is connected to Mother Earth
and her creative energies.

Her mournful call speaks to our deepest self and
stirs our emotions.


The voice of the dove is a rain song and brings us hope of a new beginning.

The dove is the totem of "Between Times" and shows us the time of the thinning
of the veils between the physical and the spiritual world.

Listen for her call with your soul.

All images are public domain.

Some of the information on this webpage was derived from the following sources:
Sans, Jamie & Carson, David. Medicine Cards: the Discovery of Power Through the Way of Animals. Santa Fe, NM. 1988. Print.
Andrews, Ted. Animal-speak: the Spiritual & Magical Powers of Creatures Great & Small. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1993. Print.
Andrews, Ted. Animal-Wise: the Spirit Language and Signs of Nature. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1999. Print.
D. J. Conway. Animal Magick: the Art of Recognizing & Working with Familiars. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 2003. Print.
Farmer, Steven D. Animal Spirit Guides. Hayhouse Inc., 2006. Print.

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Tila
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Femminile Serpente
Numero di messaggi : 1826
Data d'iscrizione : 22.03.10
Età : 39
Località : Prov. CN

MessaggioOggetto: Re: Colomba e piccione - Dove and pigeons   Mer 24 Ago 2011 - 9:20

Iniziamo il nostro viaggio alla scoperta del simbolismo legato al piccione...e proprio dal viaggio dobbiamo iniziare, scusatemi per il gioco di parole, ma come abbiamo potuto vedere nelle schede precedenti di wikipedia, dedicate alle sue caratteristiche, il piccione ha uno straordinario istinto che lo porta a ritrovare la sua dimora anche da distanze lontanissime.

Ed è per questo che il piccione può insegnarci a riprendere la via di ritorno a casa quando ci sentiamo smarritti o ci accorgiamo di aver perso la sicurezza della casa.

Visto che si riproducono velocemente e collettivamente sono divenuti simboli associati alla fertilità.

Non so se avete mai guardato i tetti delle case quando il cielo minaccia un temporale, beh io si, se lo farete noterete gruppi di piccioni stretti tra di loro, simbolicamente parlando questo comportamento ci insegna a cercare la sicurezza di avere vicino i propri familiari (biologici o acquisiti) quando nella nostra vita si avvicinano temporali.

Tila

Riferimenti:

Segni e presagi del mondo animale - i poteri magici di piccole e grandi creature di Ted Andrews Ed. Mediterranee
http://www.linsdomain.com/totems/pages/pigeon.htm


FONTE: http://www.linsdomain.com/totems/pages/pigeon.htm

PIGEON

Love and Security of Home

Pigeon can teach us how to find our way back to the security of home.
It can help you remember and find the love of home that was lost.

If a Pigeon totem comes to you, ask yourself if you have forgotten your foundation,
your heritage. Return to your home, your foundation,
and draw upon the loving energies surrounding them.

In times of strife, huddle together with your family and draw upon its strength.
Pigeon reminds us of the possibility of a loving and safe home.


All images are public domain.

Some of the information on this webpage was derived from the following sources:
Sans, Jamie & Carson, David. Medicine Cards: the Discovery of Power Through the Way of Animals. Santa Fe, NM. 1988. Print.
Andrews, Ted. Animal-speak: the Spiritual & Magical Powers of Creatures Great & Small. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1993. Print.
Andrews, Ted. Animal-Wise: the Spirit Language and Signs of Nature. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1999. Print.
D. J. Conway. Animal Magick: the Art of Recognizing & Working with Familiars. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 2003. Print.
Farmer, Steven D. Animal Spirit Guides. Hayhouse Inc., 2006. Print.
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MessaggioOggetto: Re: Colomba e piccione - Dove and pigeons   Oggi a 12:28

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