Dopo aver visto alcune caratteristiche e comportamenti, grazie alle schede di wikipedia, conosceremo insieme parte della simbologia e altre curiosità legate alla colomba.
Naturalmente la colomba è nota per essere il simbolo della pace ma, come vedremo nei seguenti documenti, la colomba ha un profondo spirito di sacrificio materno, è legata alla madre terra e alla creatività, al femminile, alla figura di Afrodite (dea dell'amore)...
Colomba dello Spirito Santo
Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.
La colomba dello Spirito Santo è uno dei simboli più diffusi nell'iconografia cristiana.
Colomba dello Spirito Santo, San Pietro in Vaticano
FONTE IMMAGINE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Holy_Spirit_as_Dove_%28detail%29.jpg
Fin quasi dagli albori del Cristianesimo la colomba, animale dalla natura dolce e mite, è stato un simbolo di purezza e innocenza, che ha poi rappresentato l'intervento divino in alcuni episodi.
Come simbolo di mitezza è usata in vari episodi biblici. Per gli ebrei Giona (Yohnàh, "colombo") era ed è un nome maschile comune (Gna 1,1). In Ca 5,2 e 6,9 “Mia colomba” è un appellativo affettuoso rivolto alla Sulamita dal pastore innamorato e in Ca 1,15 e 4,1 gli occhi dolci di una ragazza sono paragonati a occhi di colomba.
Come simbolo di volontà divina è pure citata in alcuni passi della Bibbia. Nella Genesi (8, 11) è una colomba a portare a Noè il rametto d'ulivo che annuncia la fine del Diluvio universale e l'inizio della salvezza e di una nuova era di pace tra Dio e gli uomini. In Matteo 3,16 la colomba viene vista scendere dal cielo da Giovanni Battista durante il Battesimo di Cristo. Per questo inizilamente l'animale venne associato al battesimo (come in Tertulliano o in rappresentazioni artistiche del IV secolo).
Nei codici miniati del V e VI secolo la colomba si era però già slegata dal significato uniocamente legato al battesimo, per assumere il ruolo di simbolo dello Spirito Santo, in episodi come l'Annunciazione o le raffigurazioni della Trinità (come fece dipingere san Paolino a Nola nel V secolo).
In seguito la colomba ebbe un significato ancora più ampio, arrivando a contraddistiguere tutte le azioni divine nell'umanità. Ad esempio nel IX secolo si trova san Gregorio comunemente affiancato da una colomba che rappresentava l'ispirazione divina che lo assisteva. Nel XV secolo una miniatura mostra una colomba accanto a Daniele tra i leoni.
Edouard Urech, Paolo Piazzesi, Franca Fiorentino Piazzesi, Dizionario dei simboli cristiani, Edizioni Arkeios, 1995 ISBN 9788886495035 onlineFONTE:
Doves as symbols
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Doves, usually white in color, are used in a variety of settings as symbols of love, peace or as messengers. Doves appear in the symbology of Judaism and Christianity and of both military and pacifist groups.
Christianity and Judaism
Doves, usually meaning domesticated Rock Pigeons, are a traditional Christian symbol of love and peace, see Peace dove.
According to the biblical story, a dove was released by Noah after the flood in order to find land; it came back carrying an olive leaf in its beak, telling Noah that, somewhere, there was land.
The Holy Spirit
In Christian Iconography, a dove also symbolizes the Holy Spirit, in reference to Matthew 3:16 and Luke 3:22 where the Holy Spirit is compared to a dove at the Baptism of Jesus. The early Christians in Rome incorporated into their funerary art the image of a dove carrying an olive branch, often accompanied by the word "Peace". It seems that they derived this image from the simile in the Gospels, combining it with the symbol of the olive branch, which had been used to represent peace by the Greeks and Romans. The dove and olive branch also appeared in Christian images of Noah's ark. The fourth century Vulgate translated the Hebrew alay zayit (leaf of olive) in Genesis 8:11 as ramum olivae (branch of olive). By the fifth century, Augustine of Hippo wrote in On Christian Doctrine that, "perpetual peace is indicated by the olive branch (oleae ramusculo) which the dove brought with it when it returned to the ark."
Doves or other birds are sometimes released at Christian weddings. They are generally the valued property of individuals who provide them specifically for this purpose. They are regularly permitted to fly free from their home dove cotes and therefore know very well how to fly back home after leaving the scene of the marriage ceremony. All rock pigeons are capable of homing over such short distances, but occasionally birds may be distracted by finding a mate or be caught by a predator.
Peace and pacifism in politics
Doves are often associated with the concept of peace and pacifism. They often appear in political cartoons, on banners and signs at events promoting peace (such as the Olympic Games, at various anti-war/anti-violence protests, etc.), and in pacifist literature. A person who is a pacifist is sometimes referred to as a dove (similarly, in American politics, a person who advocates the use of military resources as opposed to diplomacy can be referred to as a hawk). Picasso's lithograph, La Colombe (The Dove), a traditional, realistic picture of a pigeon, without an olive branch, was chosen as the emblem for the World Peace Congress in Paris in April 1949. The dove became a symbol for the peace movement and the ideals of the Communist Party and was used in Communist demonstrations of the period. At the 1950 World Peace Congress in Sheffield, Picasso said that his father had taught him to paint doves, concluding, "I stand for life against death; I stand for peace against war." At the 1952 World Peace Congress in Berlin, Picasso's Dove was depicted in a banner above the stage. Anti-communists had their own take on the peace dove: the group Paix et Liberté distributed posters titled La colombe qui fait BOUM (the dove that goes BOOM), showing the peace dove metamorphosing into a Soviet tank.
Royal Air Force
Rock pigeons selectively bred for their ability to home over long distances, called homing pigeons, have served humans in times of war as war pigeons, and have even been awarded war medals to honour their services to humanity. These include the homing pigeon, Cher Ami, who received the French Croix de guerre for services during wartime, and who is now enshrined in the Smithsonian Institution, and G.I. Joe, who received the Dickin Medal for his role in preventing the bombing of an Italian village of over 1,000 people.
The rock dove is, due to its relation to the homing pigeon and thus communications, the main image in the crest of the Tactical Communications Wing, a body within the Royal Air Force. Below the crest is the Wing's motto, "Ubique Loquimur" or "We Speak Everywhere."FONTE:
The dove and olive branch
Early Christians in Rome portrayed baptism with a dove holding a branch in its beak, a symbol they used on their sepulchres as an allegory of peace. The dove appears in many funerary inscriptions in the Roman catacombs, sometimes accompanied by the words in pace (Latin for "in peace"). For example, in the Catacomb of Callixtus there is a representation of a dove and branch next to a Latin inscription meaning "Nicella, God’s virgin, who lived for more or less 35 years. She was placed [here] 15 days before the Kalends of May [17th April]. For the well deserving one in peace." In another there is a shallow relief sculpture showing a dove with a branch flying to a figure marked in Greek ΕΙΡΗΝΗ (Eirene, or Peace).
Christians derived the symbol of the dove and olive branch from two sources. The first was the New Testament comparison between a dove and the Spirit of God that descended on Jesus during his baptism.[Mt 3:16] The second was the pagan symbol of the olive branch. The New Testament comparison has a parallel in the Talmud, which says that "the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters like a dove", but in Jewish tradition the olive branch is not used as a peace symbol. Although in the Bible story of Noah and the Flood, a dove returns to Noah holding an olive leaf in its mouth,[Gen 8:11] this is not said to represent peace either in the text or in rabbinic explanations, which interpreted the olive leaf as a remnant of the Garden of Eden. Neither in the Hebrew Bible nor the New Testament is peace ever mentioned in connection with the dove or the olive leaf.
In the earliest Christian art, the peace represented by the dove was the peace of the soul, not civil peace, but from the third century the dove began to be shown in situations of conflict such as Noah and the Ark, Daniel and the lions, the three young men in the furnace and Susannah and the Elders. Before the Peace of Constantine (313 AD), in which Rome ceased its persecution of Christians, Noah is normally shown in an attitude of prayer, a dove with an olive branch nearly always flying toward him or alighting on his outstretched hand. According to Snyder, "The Noah story afforded the early Christian community an opportunity to express piety and peace in a vessel that withstood the threatening environment" of Roman persecution. For Budde and Prigent, the dove refers to the descending of the Holy Spirit rather than the peace associated with Noah. After the Peace of Constantine, Noah appeared only occasionally in Christian art.
By the fifth century, St Augustine of Hippo had interpreted the dove and olive leaf in Noah as a peace symbol. He may be the originator of that attribution or he may have derived it from a tendentious translation of the story of Noah from Hebrew into Latin. In his fourth century Latin Bible (the Vulgate), St Jerome rendered the Hebrew Bible's "olive leaf" (עלה זית alay zayit) as "olive branch" (ramum olivae). Subsequently, Augustine wrote in On Christian Doctrine that, "perpetual peace is indicated by the olive branch (oleae ramusculo) that the dove brought with it when it returned to the ark."
Jerome and Augustine thus fixed the idea of the dove in Noah as carrying an olive branch rather than a leaf. Medieval illuminated manuscripts such as the Holkham Bible showed the dove returning to Noah with a branch, and Wycliff's Bible, which translated the Vulgate into English in the 14th century, uses "olive branch" in Gen. 8:11. Even illuminations in Jewish manuscripts in the middle ages could show Noah's dove with an olive branch, for example, the Golden Haggadah. However, English Bibles from the 17th century King James Bible onwards, which translate Noah direct from Hebrew, use "olive leaf".
An olive branch held by a dove was used as a peace symbol in 18th century America. A £2 note of North Carolina (1771) depicted the dove and olive with a motto meaning: "Peace restored". Georgia's $40 note of 1778 portrayed the dove and olive and a hand holding a dagger, with a motto meaning "Either war or peace, prepared for both."
A German war loan poster of 1917 (see Gallery below) showed the head of an eagle over a dove of peace in flight, with the text, "Subscribe to the War Loan".
Picasso's lithograph, La Colombe (The Dove), a traditional, realistic picture of a pigeon, without an olive branch, was chosen as the emblem for the World Peace Congress in Paris in April 1949. The dove became a symbol for the peace movement and the ideals of the Communist Party and was used in Communist demonstrations of the period. At the 1950 World Peace Congress in Sheffield, Picasso said that his father had taught him to paint doves, concluding, "I stand for life against death; I stand for peace against war." At the 1952 World Peace Congress in Berlin, Picasso's Dove was depicted in a banner above the stage. The dove symbol was used extensively in the post-war peace movement. Anti-communists had their own take on the peace dove: the group Paix et Liberté distributed posters titled La colombe qui fait BOUM (the dove that goes BOOM), showing the peace dove metamorphosing into a Soviet tank.FONTE:
COLOMBA – Per nutrire sentimenti di pace, serenità, tranquillità ed essere in armonia con se stessi e con gli altri. Permette di acquietare la mente e di sperimentare la gloria di Dio nel momento presente. Alimenta il senso della presenza del divino e ci aiuta ad accettare la vita come una benedizione. FONTE:
The dove has seemingly inexhaustible sources of symbolic flavor throughout most histories, cultures and myth.
Did you know doves produce their own milk? Yep, it's called "crop milk" or "pigeons milk." It's an oddity in nature for birds to produce their own milk to feed their young. From this unique ability, we can glean symbolism of nurturing. In fact, doves are commonly considered a symbol of motherhood.
Doves often cease their foraging for food just before their babies are born. This temporary starvation insures a pure formulation of milk (otherwise their offspring could not digest bits of solid food in the milk). That's another confirmation about maternal attributes as well as self-sacrifice for the sake of their progeny. Check out my page on mother-bird symbolism for more info.
The dove is even associated with several mother figures in historical dove symbolism. Take the Mother Mary in Christian legend. The dove is commonly seen in Christian art with Mary as a symbol of care, devotion, purity and peace. The dove is a companion of Ishtar too, the Great Mother of Assyrian culture. In this motherly light, the dove elicits a promise of hope and salvation.
A quick keyword run-down of dove symbolism:
Aphrodite (Venus in Roman myth), the voluptuous goddess-mother of love, is often featured with a dove nearby in artistic portrait. Here we get the sense of higher love; a love that is as large as the goddess herself. A kind of love that turns a blind eye to the typical foibles and downfalls of mankind - and sees right into the heart of pure potential that is revealed only by viewing the soul through the lenses of love. As a love symbol, the dove conveys a kind of soulful ascension - a higher admiration for the true value of unconditional love.
Perhaps it's her softly lulling coos that won the dove's position so close to Ishtar's, Mother Marys and Aphrodite's heart. Open your psychic ears at dawn and dusk and become enchanted by their rippling vocalizations. One can't help but become subdued by their gentle love-calls. Sweet churbles and downy wurbles are testimony to a divinely calming presence among us.
And speaking of divine presences, the dove symbolism is often equated to heavenly visitations. John the Baptist even remarked (Matthew 3:16) how the "Spirit of God descended like a dove upon us." Methinks this is more than poetic license. Why? Because, almost unanimously birds (of all kinds) have been viewed as celestial messengers. Doves in particular - with their docile appearance and soft ministrations - can easily be angelic doppelgangers: Angels in the guise of avian benefactors. Hey, anything is possible.
Coming down (just a notch) off of that high-spirited comparison, doves in actuality are kind of fussy. Observe them in groups, and you'll note they can be twitchy and nervous-nellies. I like to think of this as a sign of their highly developed sense of presence. They are intimately aware of their environment (having been hunted for centuries for their tasty breast meat - who can blame their skittishness?).
This kind of high sense of awareness reminds me of Hachiman, a Japanese god of war who claims the dove as a sacred symbol. Amidst clamor, battle and jarring conflict, the dove of Hachiman is a symbol of the peace that will (ideally) ensue after war has ended.
The war-association with dove symbolism inevitably leads us to the concept of death. Well, not death per se - more appropriately, the dove is a symbol of the souls sojourn after physical life has retired. Slavic legend claims the dove is a symbol of the souls release from earth-bound duty. In fact, when a dove is seen, it is a clear sign of the soul's return to celestial realms. Furthermore, the dove's most popular appearance in spiritual consciousness is that of the Holy Spirit in Christian wisdom. FONTE:
Feminine, Peace, Maternity, Prophecy
The dove is the embodiment of maternal instinct.
She is connected to Mother Earth
and her creative energies.
Her mournful call speaks to our deepest self and
stirs our emotions.
The voice of the dove is a rain song and brings us hope of a new beginning.
The dove is the totem of "Between Times" and shows us the time of the thinning
of the veils between the physical and the spiritual world.
Listen for her call with your soul.
All images are public domain.
Some of the information on this webpage was derived from the following sources:
Sans, Jamie & Carson, David. Medicine Cards: the Discovery of Power Through the Way of Animals. Santa Fe, NM. 1988. Print.
Andrews, Ted. Animal-speak: the Spiritual & Magical Powers of Creatures Great & Small. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1993. Print.
Andrews, Ted. Animal-Wise: the Spirit Language and Signs of Nature. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1999. Print.
D. J. Conway. Animal Magick: the Art of Recognizing & Working with Familiars. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 2003. Print.
Farmer, Steven D. Animal Spirit Guides. Hayhouse Inc., 2006. Print.