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 Scricciolo: intraprendenza, audacia - Wren: resourcefulness, boldness

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AutoreMessaggio
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Femminile Serpente
Numero di messaggi : 1826
Data d'iscrizione : 22.03.10
Età : 39
Località : Prov. CN

MessaggioOggetto: Scricciolo: intraprendenza, audacia - Wren: resourcefulness, boldness   Lun 21 Nov 2011 - 13:13

Come vedremo questo esemplare alato è molto socievole e attivo, nella seconda parte scopriremo la sua simbologia soprattutto quella celtica.

Riporto solo qualche stralcio degli articoli di wikipedia, perciò per appronfondimenti vi consiglio la visione anche dei link originali, buona lettura.


FONTE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troglodytes_troglodytes

Troglodytes troglodytes
Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.

Lo Scricciolo comune (Troglodytes troglodytes Linnaeus, 1758), è un uccello passeriforme della famiglia Troglodytidae, comune in Europa, Asia, Nordafrica e Nord America.

Caratteristiche

È un uccello molto piccolo, di forma tonda e lungo appena 10 cm.

Il piumaggio sul dorso, sulle ali e sulla coda è di colore castano; le ali e i fianchi sono anche barrati. L'addome è più chiaro, presenta anch'esso dei piccoli tratti neri. Ha un lungo sopracciglio chiaro.

La coda, corta e appuntita è sempre tenuta ben sollevata. Il becco è piuttosto lungo e sottile. Le zampe sono lunghe e robuste.

Si muove in maniera molto agile, dinamica e scattante.


Distribuzione e habitat

È diffuso in tutta Europa, Asia, Nordafrica e Nord America.

Lo Scricciolo è un uccello stanziale e vive prevalentemente in località umide e abbondanti di cespugli. Predilige infatti muoversi sul terreno, ispezionando tutto ciò che lo incuriosisce.

Si può incontrare in pianura e vicino ai centri abitati in inverno, mentre in estate predilige le zone montane.


Riproduzione e nidificazione

La stagione degli amori inizia a fine aprile e lo scricciolo nidifica in prevalenza nei cespugli, nelle cavità arboree o nel terreno.

Il nido è sferico con una piccola apertura superiore, composto prevalentemente di muschio, steli e ramoscelli.

La femmina depone 5-10 uova di colore giallo-bianco che vengono covate per circa 15 giorni.

I pulcini rimangono nel nido per parecchio tempo, anche dopo la completa autosufficienza. Difatti per questa specie il nido è utilizzato molto spesso anche come dormitorio.

Alimentazione

È un insettivoro e quindi la sua dieta consiste in piccoli invertebrati, insetti ecc. nonostante non disprezzi anche qualche bacca nella stagione invernale.

Canto

Ha canto squillante ed armonioso. Consiste in un trillo acuto e potente, molto prolungato.

Curiosità

Nel folklore europeo, lo scricciolo è considerato essere il “re degli uccelli”. La favola, presumibilmente celtica, vuole che molto tempo fa gli uccelli stessero facendo una gara per vedere chi sapeva volare più in alto. Il vincitore sarebbe stato il re degli uccelli. Lo scricciolo partì per primo, ma ben presto si stancò e l'aquila lo raggiunse. Lo scricciolo, molto furbescamente, si appoggiò sul dorso dell'aquila e si fece trasportare ancora più in alto. A quel punto scattò verso il cielo e vinse.

Un'altra leggenda molto antica e diffusa prevalentemente in Irlanda, è legata al giorno di Santo Stefano (Wren's day in inglese) e racconta che lo scricciolo (in inglese Wren) con il suo forte canto rivelò ai soldati romani il rifugio di S. Stefano, che fu catturato e martirizzato. Un tempo l'uccellino veniva sacrificato e appeso ad un ramo di agrifoglio.

Oggigiorno al ramo di agrifoglio viene appesa solo un'immagine dell'animale e i ragazzini (detti Wren boys) visitano le abitazioni richiedendo delle offerte.

In Il libro della giungla di Rudyard Kipling, "Limmershin, lo Scricciolo d'Inverno", è il narratore de la storia La foca bianca[1].

Note
^ La foca bianca

Bibliografia

BirdLife International 2004. Troglodytes troglodytes. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Versione 2010.1




FONTE IMMAGINE: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zaunkoenig-photo.jpg



FONTE IMMAGINE: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Troglodytes_troglodytes.jpg



FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wren

Wren
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The wrens are passerine birds in the mainly New World family Troglodytidae. There are approximately 80 species of true wrens in approximately 20 genera. The genus eponymous of the family is Troglodytes. Only the Eurasian Wren occurs in the Old World, where in Anglophone regions it is commonly known simply as the "wren" as it is the originator of the name. The name wren has been applied to other unrelated birds, particularly the New Zealand wrens (Acanthisittidae) and the Australian wrens (Maluridae).

Most wrens are small and rather inconspicuous, except for their loud and often complex songs. Notable exceptions are the relatively large members of the genus Campylorhynchus, which can be quite bold in their behavior. Wrens have short wings that are barred in most species, and they often hold their tails upright. As far as known, wrens are primarily insectivorous, eating insects, spiders and other small arthropods, but many species also eat vegetable matter and some will take small frogs/lizards.[1]

Name and use of the term wren

The English name wren derives from Middle English wrenne, Old English wraenna, attested (as werna) very early, in an 8th century gloss. It is cognate to Old High German wrendo, wrendilo and Icelandic rindill (the latter two including an additional diminutive -ilan suffix). The Icelandic name is attested in Old Icelandic (Eddaic) rindilþvari. This points to a Common Germanic name *wrandjan-, but the further etymology of the name is unknown.[2]

The wren is also known as kuningilin "kinglet" in Old High German, a name associated with a legend of an election of the "king of birds". The bird who could fly to the highest altitude would be made king. The eagle outflew all other birds, but he was beaten by a small bird who had hidden in his plumage. This legend is already known to Aristotle (Hist. animalium 9.11) and Plinius (Naturalis hist. 10.74 ), and was taken up by medieval authors such as Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, but it concerns Regulus, and is apparently motivated by the yellow "crown" sported by these birds (a point noted already by Ludwig Uhland).[3] In modern German the name is "Zaunkönig", king of the fence (or bush).

The family name Troglodytidae is derived from troglodyte, which means "cave-dweller", and the wrens get their scientific name from the tendency of some species to forage in dark crevices.

The name "wren" is also ascribed to other families of passerine birds throughout the world. In Europe, species of Regulus are commonly known as "wrens", the Common Firecrest and Goldcrest as "fire-crested wren" and "golden-crested wren", respectively.

The 27 Australasian "wren" species in the family Maluridae are unrelated, as are the New Zealand wrens in the family Acanthisittidae, the antwrens in the family Thamnophilidae, and the wren-babblers of the family Timaliidae.

Description

Wrens are medium-small to very small birds. The Eurasian Wren is among the smallest birds in its range, while the smaller species from the Americas are among the smallest passerines in that part of the world. They range in size from the White-bellied Wren, which averages under 10 centimetres (3.9 in) and 9 grams (0.32 oz), to the Giant Wren, which averages about 22 centimetres (8.7 in) and weighs almost 50 grams (1.8 oz). The dominating colours of their plumage are generally drab, composed of grey, brown, black and white, and most species show some barring, especially to tail and/or wings. There is no sexual dimorphism in the plumage of wrens, and little difference between young birds and adults.[1] All have fairly long, straight to marginally decurved bills.[1]

Wrens have loud and often complex songs, sometimes given in duet by a pair. The song of members of the genera Cyphorhinus and Microcerculus have been considered especially pleasant to the human ear, leading to common names such as Song Wren, Musician Wren, Flutist Wren and Southern Nightingale-Wren.[1]


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cistothorus_palustris_Iona.jpg


Habitat and distribution

Wrens are principally a New World Family, distributed from Alaska and Canada to southern Argentina, with the greatest species richness in the Neotropics. As suggested by its name, the Eurasian Wren is the only species of wren found outside the Americas, as restricted to Europe, Asia and northern Africa (it was formerly considered conspecific with the Winter Wren and Pacific Wren of North America). There are a number of insular species, including the Clarion Wren and Socorro Wren from the Revillagigedo Islands in the Pacific Ocean, and the Cobb's Wren in the Falkland Islands, but few Caribbean islands have a species of wren, with only the Southern House Wren in the Lesser Antilles, the Cozumel Wren of Cozumel Island, and the highly restricted Zapata Wren in a single swamp in Cuba.

The various species occur in a wide range of habitats, ranging from dry, sparsely wooded country to rainforest. Most species are mainly found at low levels, but members of the genus Campylorhynchus are frequently found higher, and the two members of Odontorchilus are restricted to the forest canopy.[1] A few species, notably the Eurasian Wren and the House Wren, are often associated with humans. Most species are resident, remaining in Central and South America all year round, but the few species found in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere are partially migratory, spending the winter further south.

Behaviour

Wrens vary from highly secretive species such as those found in the genus Microcerculus to the highly conspicuous genus Campylorhynchus, the members of which will frequently sing from exposed perches. The family as a whole exhibits a great deal of variation in their behaviour. Temperate species generally occur in pairs, but some tropical species may occur in parties of up to twenty birds.[1]

Wrens build dome-shaped nests, and may be either monogamous or polygamous, depending on species.[4]

Though little is known about the feeding habits of many of the Neotropical species, wrens are considered primarily insectivorous, eating insects, spiders and other small arthropods.[1] Many species also take vegetable matter such as seeds and berries, some (primarily the larger species) will take small frogs/lizards, the Eurasian Wren has been recorded wading into shallow water to catch small fish and tadpoles, the Sumichrast's Wren and Zapata Wren will take snails, and the Giant Wren and Marsh Wren have been recorded attacking and eating bird eggs (in the latter species, even eggs of conspecifics).[1] A local Spanish name for the Giant Wren and Bicolored Wren is chupahuevo ("egg-sucker"), but whether the latter actually eats eggs is unclear.[1] The Plain Wren and Northern House Wren sometimes destroy bird eggs, and the Rufous-and-white Wren has been recorded killing nestlings, but this is apparently to eliminate potential food competitors rather than feed on the eggs/nestlings.[1] Several species of Neotropical wrens sometimes participate in mixed-species flocks or follow army ants, and the Eurasian Wren may follow Badgers to catch prey items disturbed by them.[1]


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bay_Wren.jpg

References

^ a b c d e f g h i j k Kroodsma, Donald; Brewer, David (2005), "Family Troglodytidae (Wrens)", in del Hoyo, Josep; Elliott, Andrew; Christie, David, Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 10, Cuckoo-shrikes to Thrushes, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, pp. 356–447, ISBN 84-87334-72-5
^ Kluge-Lutz, English Etymology tentatively suggest association with Old High German (w)renno "stallion", but Suolahti (1909) rejects this as unlikely.
^ Suolahti, Viktor Hugo, Die deutschen Vogelnamen : eine wortgeschichtliche Untersuchung, Straßburg (1909), 80-85.
^ Perrins, C. (1991). Forshaw, Joseph. ed. Encyclopaedia of Animals: Birds. London: Merehurst Press. pp. 190. ISBN 1-85391-186-0.
^ Alström, Per; Ericson, Per G.P.; Olsson, Urban; Sundberg, Per (2006). "Phylogeny and classification of the avian superfamily Sylvioidea". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38 (2): 381–97. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.05.015. PMID 16054402.

Mann, Nigel I.; Barker, F. Keith; Graves, Jeff A.; Dingess-Mann, Kimberly A. & Slater, Peter J. B. (2006): Molecular data delineate four genera of "Thryothorus" wrens. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40: 750–759. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.04.014 (HTML abstract)

Martínez Gómez, Juan E.; Barber, Bruian R. & Peterson, A. Townsend (2005): Phylogenetic position and generic placement of the Socorro Wren (Thryomanes sissonii). Auk 122(1): 50–56. [English with Spanish abstract] DOI:10.1642/0004-8038(2005)122[0050:PPAGPO]2.0.CO;2 PDF fulltext



FONTE IMMAGINE: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carolina_Wren1.jpg


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flickr_-_Dario_Sanches_-_CORRU%C3%8DRA_%28_Troglodytes_musculus_%29.jpg
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Tila
Iniziato Sciamano
Iniziato Sciamano


Femminile Serpente
Numero di messaggi : 1826
Data d'iscrizione : 22.03.10
Età : 39
Località : Prov. CN

MessaggioOggetto: Re: Scricciolo: intraprendenza, audacia - Wren: resourcefulness, boldness   Mer 23 Nov 2011 - 17:43

Nei seguenti articoli vedremo parte del simbolismo di questo totem.

Scopriremo che è impavido, coraggioso, ci ricorda di essere gentile con gli altri, è creativo, agile e determinato.

Secondo il calendario celtico (che troverete nel seguente link interno http://sciamanesimo.forumattivo.com/t1065-oroscopo-dei-celti ) chi è nato tra il 10 giugno e il 7 luglio si è associati a questo totem, e tra le sue caratteristiche vedremo che sono sempre pronti ad allietare i famigliari e gli amici, associato alla freschezza e alle nuovi intuizioni, sono alla ricerca dell'equilibrio.

Buona lettura.


FONTE: http://www.linsdomain.com/totems/pages/wren.htm

WREN

Resourcefulness
Boldness

Wren gives you the ability to adapt and thereby become resourceful.
To use what is available.
Wrens are noisy and sound much louder than their actual size.
It is overflowing with confidence and will take on other birds
much larger in size. It is fearless and bold.

It is unlucky to kill a Wren, for these birds
are sacred to the Earth gods and goddesses.

When Wren appears to you, ask yourself these questions:
Am I using all the resources available to me?
Are you displaying enough confidence?
Am I so wrapped up in work that I forget to sing?
Are you living life to the fullest?

Then ask Wren for help with any of these matters and
use Wren as your guide and template.

All images are public domain.

Some of the information on this webpage was derived from the following sources:
Sans, Jamie & Carson, David. Medicine Cards: the Discovery of Power Through the Way of Animals. Santa Fe, NM. 1988. Print.
Andrews, Ted. Animal-speak: the Spiritual & Magical Powers of Creatures Great & Small. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1993. Print.
Andrews, Ted. Animal-Wise: the Spirit Language and Signs of Nature. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1999. Print.
D. J. Conway. Animal Magick: the Art of Recognizing & Working with Familiars. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 2003. Print.
Farmer, Steven D. Animal Spirit Guides. Hayhouse Inc., 2006. Print.




FONTE: http://www.whats-your-sign.com/celtic-meanings-of-wren.html

Celtic Meanings for the Wren

Celtic Meanings of the Wren

The Celts keenly observed all animals in their environment. Much like Native Americans, Celts translated animal behaviors as highly significant and symbolic.

In so doing, Celtic meanings of this little bird begin with observations in raising their young. Both male and female wrens take part in caring for their young. This is symbolic of sharing tasks within the home. It's also a reminder to not getting stuck in gender roles, and approach the "traditional" from a fresh, innovative angle.

The wren is an active little bird, and so its symbolic Celtic meanings include activity, vibrancy, alertness and efficiency. The wren is rarely seen resting on her laurels. The Celts honored that fastidiousness, and took the lesson of making progress each day to heart in their own lives.

Further, the wren is quite sociable. She reminds us to keep a happy heart and be kind to others.

Quick Celtic Meanings for the Wren (keywords):

Friendliness
Sharing
Determined
Quick-Witted
Active
Agile
Creativity
Light-Hearted
Free-Spirited

This light, bright cheer carries over into the delightful song of the wren. Bards were particularly inspired by this songbird's lyrics, and the wren wins high status as a symbol of musical poetry, art and song.

Like many songbirds, the wren is a champion at migration and movement. She's content to flit from place to place with shallow roots. This is symbolic of the old adage "home is where the heart is."

In this respect, the wren reminds us it is not the material items we gain, but the quality of relationships made along the way that enrich our lives.

We can also interpret the wren's flighty ways as a message to branch out, expand our circle of contacts, and step out of our habitual rounds in life.

The wren may be tiny, but she packs a powerful symbolic message, encouraging us to go beyond the realm of the "known" and to access the adventure that waits for us!
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