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 Avvoltoio - Vulture

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AutoreMessaggio
Tila
Iniziato Sciamano
Iniziato Sciamano


Femminile Serpente
Numero di messaggi : 1826
Data d'iscrizione : 22.03.10
Età : 39
Località : Prov. CN

MessaggioOggetto: Avvoltoio - Vulture   Dom 1 Gen 2012 - 9:28

Quando questo totem entra a far parte della vostra vita in genere rimarrà per sempre con voi.

E' simbolo di rinascita dalla morte, del cambiamento e rinnovamento.

Ci insegnerà a volare oltre i nostri limiti.

E' presente in molte culture antiche, come potremmo constatare dai seguenti documenti di wikipedia, di cui riporto solo qualche stralcio perciò vi consiglio di visionarli anche nelle fonti orginali.

Buona lettura.


FONTE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avvoltoio

Avvoltoio
Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.

Avvoltoio è il nome comune con cui si indicano varie specie di uccelli dell'ordine dei Falconiformi, appartenenti alle famiglie degli Accipitridae (avvoltoi del Vecchio Mondo) e dei Cathartidae (avvoltoi del Nuovo Mondo).

Specie

Tra le varie specie di avvoltoi del Nuovo Mondo si trovano l'avvoltoio collorosso (Cathartes aura), l'avvoltoio reale (Sarcoramphus papa) e l'urubù (Coragyps atratus), mentre tra quelli del Vecchio Mondo, nella sottofamiglia Aegypiinae, l'avvoltoio testarossa (Sarcogyps calvus), l'avvoltoio monaco (Aegypius monachus), il grifone eurasiatico (Gyps fulvus), il Capovaccaio (Neophron percnopterus) e il gipeto (Gypaetus barbatus).


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Eagle_beak_sideview_A.jpg

Descrizione

Caratteristici degli avvoltoi sono la testa e il collo privi di piumaggio, zampe coperte di penne fino all'articolazione e artigli che, a differenza di altri rapaci, non sono aguzzi e affilati ma tondeggianti, più adatti per camminare che per ghermire le prede.

Alimentazione

Gli avvoltoi sono uccelli saprofagi ("spazzini"), che si alimentano principalmente di carcasse di animali morti.

A differenza degli avvoltoi del Nuovo Mondo che hanno un olfatto estremamente sviluppato, gli avvoltoi del Vecchio Mondo individuano le carcasse sfruttando esclusivamente il senso della vista.

Gli avvoltoi (soprattutto il grifone) sono alla base del rito della sepoltura celeste praticato dai buddhisti tibetani e dai Parsi dell'India.


FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vulture

Vulture
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vulture is the name given to two groups of convergently evolved scavenging birds, the New World Vultures including the well-known Californian and Andean Condors, and the Old World Vultures including the birds which are seen scavenging on carcasses of dead animals on African plains. New World Vultures are found in North and South America, Old World Vultures in Europe, Africa and Asia, meaning that between the two groups, Vultures are found on every continent except Australia and Antarctica.

A particular characteristic of many vultures is a bald head, devoid of normal feathers. This helps to keep the head clean when feeding. Research has shown that the bare skin may play an important role in thermoregulation.[1]

A group of vultures is called a wake, committee, venue, kettle, or volt. The term kettle refers to vultures in flight, while committee, volt, and venue refer to vultures resting in trees. Wake is reserved for a group of vultures who are feeding.[2][3] The word Geier (taken from the German language) does not have a precise meaning in ornithology, and it is occasionally used to refer to a vulture in English, as in some poetry.


Classification

Vultures are classified into two groups: Old World Vultures and New World Vultures. The similarities between the two different groups are due to convergent evolution.

Old World Vultures

The Old World Vultures found in Africa, Asia, and Europe belong to the family Accipitridae, which also includes eagles, kites, buzzards, and hawks. Old World vultures find carcasses exclusively by sight.

New World Vultures

The New World Vultures and condors found in warm and temperate areas of the Americas are not closely related to the similar Accipitridae, but belong in the family Cathartidae, which was once considered to be related to the storks. However, recent DNA evidence suggests that they should be included among the Accipitriformes, along with other birds of prey.[citation needed] However, they are still not closely related to the other vultures, and their similarities are due to convergent evolution. Several species have a good sense of smell, unusual for raptors, and are able to smell the dead they focus upon from great heights, up to a mile away.


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Vulture_19o05.jpg

Feeding

Vultures seldom attack healthy animals, but may kill the wounded or sick. When a carcass has too thick a hide for its beak to open, it waits for a larger scavenger to eat first.[4] Vast numbers have been seen upon battlefields. They gorge themselves when prey is abundant, until their crop bulges, and sit, sleepy or half torpid, to digest their food. They do not carry food to their young in their claws, but disgorge it from the crop. These birds are of great value as scavengers, especially in hot regions. Vulture stomach acid is exceptionally corrosive, allowing them to safely digest putrid carcasses infected with Botulinum toxin, hog cholera, and anthrax bacteria that would be lethal to other scavengers.[5] New World vultures have the ability to use their corrosive vomit as a defensive projectile when threatened. New World vultures also urinate straight down their legs; the uric acid kills bacteria accumulated from walking through carcasses, and also acts as evaporative cooling.[6]

Endangered

The vultures in south Asia, mainly in India and Nepal have almost gone extinct in just the last 10-15 years due to a drug called Diclofenac used as pain-killers in humans and animals [7] Government of India has taken very late cognizance of this fact and have banned the drug for animals. However, it may take decades for vultures to come back to their earlier population level. Same problem is also seen in Nepal where government has taken some late steps to conserve remaining vultures.

Notes

^ Ward, J.; McCafferty, D.J.; Houston, D.C.; Ruxton, G.D. (2008). "Why do vultures have bald heads? The role of postural adjustment and bare skin areas in thermoregulation". Journal of Thermal Biology 33 (3): 168–173. doi:10.1016/j.jtherbio.2008.01.002.
^ Lipton, James. An Exaltation of Larks Penguin, 1993
^ "Groups to Animals". Westvalley.edu. Retrieved 2010-03-20.[dead link]
^ "Vulture Facts and more at WebVulture.com, your Online Vulture Resource". Webvulture.com. Retrieved 2010-03-20.
^ Caryl, Jim. Ph.D
^ "HowStuffWorks Why is it a bad idea to scare a vulture?". HowStuffWorks.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
^ "Diclofenac residues as the cause of vulture population decline in Pakistan". Nature. February 2004..


References

Hilty, Birds of Venezuela, ISBN 0-7136-6418-5


FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_World_Vulture

Old World vulture
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Old World vultures belong to the family Accipitridae, which also includes eagles, buzzards, kites, and hawks.

Old World vultures are not closely related to the superficially similar New World vultures and condors, and do not share that group's good sense of smell. The similarities between the two groups of vultures are due to convergent evolution rather than a close relationship. They were widespread in both the Old World and North America, during the Neogene. Old World vultures are probably a polyphyletic group within Accipitridae, with Palm-nut Vulture, Egyptian Vulture and Lammergeier separate from the others.[1]

Both Old World and New World vultures are scavenging birds, feeding mostly from carcasses of dead animals. Old World vultures find carcasses exclusively by sight. A particular characteristic of many vultures is a bald head, devoid of feathers. If vultures had head feathers, they would become spattered with blood and other fluids when the vultures ate flesh from carcasses, and thus would be difficult to keep clean.

In culture

Ancient Egypt

In Southern Africa, the name for a Nubian vultureit is synonymous with the term applied to lovers, because these vultures are always seen in pairs, mother and child remaining closely bonded together. Pairing, bonding, protecting, and loving are essential attributes associated along with the vulture's size and its ability to soar high in the sky.

The Egyptians considered the vulture to be an excellent mother, and the wide wingspan was seen as all-encompassing and providing a protective cover to her infants. The white Egyptian vulture was the animal picked to represent Nekhbet, the mother goddess and protective patron of southern, Upper Egypt. The vulture hieroglyph


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/extensions/wikihiero/img/hiero_G1.png

was the Egyptian sign used for the sound (3) including words such as mother, prosperous, grandmother, and ruler.

Hindu mythology

In the Hindu epic Ramayana, there appear two demi-gods who had the form of vultures, Jatayu (Sanskrit: जटायू, jatāyū) and his brother Sampaati, with whom are associated stories of courage and self-sacrifice.

When young, the two used to compete as to who could fly higher. On one such instance Jatayu flew so high that he was about to get seared by sun's flames. Sampaati saved his brother by spreading his own wings and thus shielding Jatayu from the hot flames. In the process, Sampaati himself got injured and lost his wings. As a result Sampaati lived wingless for the rest of his life.

When Jatayu was old, he witnessed the beautiful Sita, wife of the god Rama, being kidnapped by Ravana. Jatayu tried to save her but was defeated and mortally wounded. When he lay dying he was still able to tell Rama and his brother Lakshmana in which direction Sita was being taken, facilitating her eventual rescue.


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ravi_Varma-Ravana_Sita_Jathayu.jpg

Tibet

In the Tibetan practice of sky burial, vultures and other birds eat human corpses.

Contemporary concepts

Although the vulture plays an important natural role, in the Western world, the image of the vulture is quite negative, with 'vulture' used as a metaphor for those who prey on the weak or dying, with associated negative connotations of cowardice and selfishness.

Conservation efforts

A project named "Vulture Restaurant" is underway in Nepal in an effort to conserve the dwindling number of vultures. The "restaurant" is an open grassy area where naturally dying, sick, and old cows are fed to the vultures.[5][6]



FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_World_Vulture

New World vulture
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The New World Vulture or Condor family Cathartidae contains seven species in five genera, all but one of which are monotypic. It includes five vultures and two condors found in warm and temperate areas of the Americas.

New World vultures are not closely genetically related to the superficially similar family of Old World vultures; similarities between the two groups are due to convergent evolution. Just how closely related they are is a matter of debate (see Taxonomy and nomenclature). The "New World" vultures were widespread in both the Old World and North America during the Neogene.

Vultures are scavenging birds, feeding mostly from carcasses of dead animals. New World vultures have a good sense of smell, but Old World vultures find carcasses exclusively by sight. A particular characteristic of many vultures is a bald head, devoid of feathers.

In culture

The American Black Vulture and the King Vulture appear in a variety of Maya hieroglyphs in Mayan codices. The King Vulture is one of the most common species of birds represented in the Mayan codices.[43] Its glyph is easily distinguishable by the knob on the bird’s beak and by the concentric circles that represent the bird’s eyes.[43] It is sometimes portrayed as a god with a human body and a bird head.[43] According to Mayan mythology, this god often carried messages between humans and the other gods. It is also used to represent Cozcaquauhtli, the thirteenth day of the month in the Mayan calendar.[43] In Mayan codices, the American Black Vulture is normally connected with death or shown as a bird of prey, and its glyph is often depicted attacking humans. This species lacks the religious connections that the King Vulture has. While some of the glyphs clearly show the American Black Vulture’s open nostril and hooked beak, some are assumed to be this species because they are vulture-like and painted black, but lack the King Vulture’s knob.[43]


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Colca-condor-c03.jpg
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Tila
Iniziato Sciamano
Iniziato Sciamano


Femminile Serpente
Numero di messaggi : 1826
Data d'iscrizione : 22.03.10
Età : 39
Località : Prov. CN

MessaggioOggetto: Re: Avvoltoio - Vulture   Gio 5 Gen 2012 - 8:38

Rappresenta la purificazione, la rinascita, la morte, la madre. Ci insegna ad andare oltre i nostri limiti ad avere una diversa visione delle cose, di seguire il flusso degli eventi senza sprecare le proprie energie...

FONTE: http://www.linsdomain.com/totems/pages/vulture.htm

VULTURE ~ CONDOR

Death and Rebirth
New Vision

The Vulture is the symbol of death and rebirth, the mother symbol,
and represents purification.
For those with this totem,
you will be noticed more for what you do than how you appear.

Vulture or Condor
teaches us how to soar above our limitations.

This Totem is a semi-permanent totem; once it enters your life
it will be with you always, through your numerous lifetimes.

You may start to see auras and colors around people;
Vulture can help teach you how to accomplish this through patience and vision.
Vultures teach you how to soar without using much energy,
how to ride the thermal winds instead of flapping.
Go with the flow. Use your own energy powerfully and efficiently.

Vulture is associated with the sense of smell
and aromatherapy is a good tool to use to connect with this Totem.

The Vulture promises us that no matter
how difficult things are at the moment,
rescue and change are imminent.

Soar above the drudgeries of every day life through spirit.
And Vulture/Condor is there to protect you in this journey.

All images are public domain.

Some of the information on this webpage was derived from the following sources:
Sans, Jamie & Carson, David. Medicine Cards: the Discovery of Power Through the Way of Animals. Santa Fe, NM. 1988. Print.
Andrews, Ted. Animal-speak: the Spiritual & Magical Powers of Creatures Great & Small. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1993. Print.
Andrews, Ted. Animal-Wise: the Spirit Language and Signs of Nature. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1999. Print.
D. J. Conway. Animal Magick: the Art of Recognizing & Working with Familiars. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 2003. Print.
Farmer, Steven D. Animal Spirit Guides. Hayhouse Inc., 2006. Print.


FONTE: http://www.whats-your-sign.com/bird-meaning-vulture.html

Bird Symbolism of the Vulture

Bird Meaning of the Vulture

Bird symbolism deals with the element of air, and air is symbolic of the mind, thoughts, and intelligence. That the vulture is a master navigator of the winds reminds us we might need to "go back to the mental drawing board" before acting in projects.

The vulture also asks us to be patient with ourselves, and think things through. They encourage us to be quite sure of how we feel before we enter the arena of our plans.

This symbolism is underscored by the magnificent level of patience the vulture exhibits. I've seen vultures coast air currents for hours, waiting for the perfect time to descend upon a tasty treat.

We all know vultures are scavengers. This holds keen symbolism for us, in that the vulture represents resourcefulness.

Bird symbolism and attributes of the vulture:

Loyal
Serious
Patience
Tolerance
Renewal
Equalizing
Cleanliness
Perceptive
Protection
Impervious
Unconventional
Resourcefulness

We can take its cue by being the same way: Resourceful and wise with the resources we have at hand. Rather than working hard, we can open our senses to the opportunities already available to us. The vulture does not hunt, it seizes the resources available to it.



Of course, this calls for a fair amount of flexibility and perception. The vulture is all about higher awareness. Those who are called to this bird are equally perceptive - maybe even coming into a time of higher awareness.

Vultures can spot fresh meat from miles away. In fact, its vision is vastly advanced. Vultures also have an uncanny sense of smell.

This kind of bird symbolism prompts us to use all of our senses to navigate in the pursuit of our highest benefit.

Bird symbolism of vultures also deals with renewal. Specifically, the solar aspect of the newness brought about by the dawning day.

Perhaps the most eerie image I have of the vulture was when I was a kid visiting my Uncle Dan in West Texas.

He lived on sprawling acres of sun-baked dirt with crazy craggy trees jutting wicked looking fingers into the cyanic skies.

It was here I saw dozens of vultures perched on these gnarly trees. Each bird had their wings spread wide open in the bright morning sun.

I asked my uncle why they did that. He told me they were welcoming the day with open arms.

I thought that was very cool (and even emulated them the following morning by opening up my own arms, greeting the day with as much mysterious reverence as those buzzards did).

Technically, they open their wings to the sun to dry evenings dampness from their feathers. The sun also cooks off any bacteria and guts lingering after eating - a natural cleansing process. Again, very resourceful and the vulture reminds us to call upon our natural resources to get the job done (don't work hard, work smart and work with the elements).

One other observation. I noticed the buzzards at Uncle Dan's peed on their feet. Later I learned this is a way for them to keep clean. Their excrement keeps acts like a bleach, and keeps bacteria on their feet at bay.

This is an unorthodox method that achieves remarkable results. In fact, if we think about it, bird symbolism theme of the vulture is all about opportunity and resourcefulness brought about through unusual and clever methods.

So, as it turns out, there are a myriad of reasons why the vulture presents itself proudly (and the do strike a regal figure. Observe them at rest - they're kings and queens in their own right). Independent and beautiful in exotic ways, the vulture is the spokes-bird for nonconformity and intelligent design.

Some historical and cultural facts about bird meaning of the vulture:

Some cultures like the ancient Iranians, Zoroastrians and Tibetan Buddhists participated in "sky burials" in which they would leave their deceased to be picked over by vultures. This was an honorable process, as the vulture was a symbol of renewal and so, in a creative way, the deceased were given new life by their remains being consumed by the vulture.

Egyptians recognized vulture mothers as fiercely protective, and amazingly nurturing to their young. They also keep their babies much longer (about three months) than most birds.

So, the vulture is often seen depicted with Nekhbet the goddess of childbirth and feminine energies. Mother bird symbolism is also seen in the mother goddess Mut who claims the vulture as her familiar.

Both Nekhbet and Mut are protective figures (particularly protective of the young and innocent), so then, logically the vulture is a symbol of protection too.

In Roman mythology the vulture was the steed of the god Saturn (dominion over justice, agriculture, harvest and strength via control). The vulture was also associated with the god Mars (representative of strategy, military, masculinity, initiations, and protection).

The vulture was also sacred to Apollo, and picks up symbolism of higher knowing, prophecy and oracular understanding (which plays nicely into the bird symbolism linked to the mental element of air).

In fact, Native American seers held the vultures flight pattern as an augury. Shamans of great skill could interpret the language of vulture flight to reveal important weather signs and omens.

Native Americans also deemed the vulture as a symbol of renewal and linked it with renewal themes seen in the rising of a new sun every day . Solar renewal symbolism is due to the same reasons my Uncle Dan cited (opening their wing to greet the new day).

The Mayans had their ideas about bird symbolism. To the Mayan mind the vulture was observed as a death eater.

As a consumer of death, the Mayan felt the vulture could also convert death to life. So, the vulture was considered a symbol of cleansing , renewal and transformation. It's also associated with water and the vulture controls the rain.

This connects that theme of spinning the revolving wheel of life. In their region, droughts were death and water meant life. Vultures were viewed as fearless of death - they stared it in the face and ate death for breakfast (literally).


Si consiglia inoltre di visionare il seguente link di google libri, che ci da l'opportunità di visionare un anteprima delle pagine dedicate all'avvoltoio del libro Segni e presagi del mondo animale - i poteri magici di piccole e grandi creature di Ted Andrews Ed. Mediterranee:

http://books.google.it/books?id=YtNrkNYe010C&pg=PA123&dq=avvoltoio&hl=it&sa=X&ei=w14FT-n-OdDn-ga3iKzOAQ&ved=0CFUQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=avvoltoio&f=false
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