Dalla mitologia greca Pitone era un drago di terra, alcune volte scambiato per un serpente.
Questo mostro mitologico morì per mano di Apollo.
Grazie a questi documenti di wikipedia possiamo conoscerne meglio il mito.
Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.
Pitone è una figura della mitologia greca.
Era un drago-serpente di dimensioni impressionanti, figlio di Gea, prodotto dal fango della terra dopo il Diluvio Universale. Custodiva l'Oracolo di Delfi. Morì in seguito ad un epico combattimento contro Apollo che, per questo, si impossessò dell'oracolo e diede alla sacerdotessa il nome di "Pizia" (Pitonessa).
Tra i motivi della morte di Pitone per mano di Apollo, dobbiamo considerare anche una possibile vendetta di Apollo verso il serpente, il quale, prima della nascita del dio, aveva perseguitato Latona (Leto), madre di Apollo, fino nell'isola di Delo.
Apollo stesso a causa della sua impresa si guadagnò l'appellativo pitio, infatti tra le varie feste e celebrazioni in onore di Apollo (Apollo Carneo, le Targelie, ecc.) ricordiamo in particolare quella di Apollo Pitico.
Inoltre vi erano i famosi Giochi Pitici (Pythia) che si celebravano ogni tre anni nella pianura Crissea presso Delfi, che consistevano in una gara musicale, a cui si aggiunsero col tempo anche gare ginniche ed equestri, e che prevedevano come premio per il vincitore una corona di alloro.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In Greek mythology, Python (Greek: Πύθων, gen.: Πύθωνος) was the earth-dragon of Delphi, always represented in Greek sculpture and vase-paintings as a serpent. He presided at the Delphic oracle, which existed in the cult center for his mother, Gaia, "Earth," Pytho being the place name that was substituted for the earlier Krisa. Hellenes considered the site to be the center of the earth, represented by a stone, the omphalos or navel, which Python guarded.
Python became the chthonic enemy of the later Olympian deity Apollo, who slew him and remade his former home and the oracle, the most famous in Classical Greece, as his own. Changes such as these in ancient myths may reflect a profound change in the religious concepts of Hellenic culture. Some were gradual over time and others occurred abruptly following invasion.
Versions and interpretations
There are various versions of Python's birth and death at the hands of Apollo. In the Homeric Hymn to Apollo, now thought to have been composed in 522 BCE during Classical times, a small detail is provided regarding Apollo's combat with the serpent, in some sections identified as the deadly Drakaina, or her parent.
The version related by Hyginus holds that when Zeus lay with the goddess Leto, and she was to deliver Artemis and Apollo, Hera sent Python to pursue her throughout the lands, so that she could not deliver wherever the sun shone. Thus when Apollo the infant was grown he pursued the python, making his way straight for Mount Parnassus where the serpent dwelled, and chased it to the oracle of Gaia at Delphi; there he dared to penetrate the sacred precinct and kill him with his arrows beside the rock cleft where the priestess sat on his tripod. Robert Graves, who habitually read into primitive myths a retelling of archaic political and social turmoil, saw in this the capturing by Hellenes of a pre-Hellenic shrine. "To placate local opinion at Delphi," he wrote in The Greek Myths, "regular funeral games were instituted in honour of the dead hero Python, and her priestess was retained in office."
The politics are conjectural, but the myth reports that Zeus ordered Apollo to purify himself for the sacrilege and instituted the Pythian Games, over which Apollo was to preside, as penance for his act.
Erwin Rohde wrote that the Python was an earth spirit, who was conquered by Apollo, and buried under the Omphalos, and that it is a case of one god setting up his temple on the grave of another.
The priestess of the oracle at Delphi became known as the Pythia, after the place-name Pytho, which Greeks explained as named after the rotting (πύθειν) of the slain serpent's corpse in the strength of Hyperion (day) or Helios (the sun).
Karl Kerenyi points out that the older tales mentioned two dragons, who were perhaps intentionally conflated; the other was a female dragon (drakaina) named Delphyne in the Homeric Hymn to Apollo, with whom dwelt a male serpent named Typhon: "The narrators seem to have confused the dragon of Delphi, Python, with Typhon or Typhoeus, the adversary of Zeus". The enemy dragoness "... actually became an Apollonian serpent, and Pythia, the priestess who gave oracles at Delphi, was named after him. Many pictures show the serpent Python living in amity with Apollon and guarding the Omphalos, the sacred navel-stone and mid-point of the earth, which stood in Apollon's temple" (Kerenyi 1951:136).
^ Hymn to Pythian Apollo, l. 254-74: Telphousa recommends to Apollo to build his oracle temple at the site of "Krisa below the glades of Parnassus".
^ But also see Dodona, famous in the earliest traditions.
^ Walter Burkert, "Kynaithos, Polycrates and the Homeric Hymn to Apollo" in Arktouros: Hellenic studies presented to B. M. W. Knox ed. G. W. Bowersock, W. Burkert, M. C. J. Putnam (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1979) pp. 53-62.
^ Fabulae 140.
^ cf. Rohde, Psyche, p.97.
^ Homeric Hymn to Pythian Apollo, 363-369.
^ Kerenyi The Gods of the Greeks 1951:136.
Burkert, Walter, Greek Religion 1985.
Deane, John Bathurst, The Worship of the Serpent, 1833. Cf. Chapter V., p.329.  
Farnell, Lewis Richard, The Cults of the Greek States, 1896.
Fontenrose, Joseph Eddy, Python; a study of Delphic myth and its origins, 1959.
Goodrich, Norma Lorre, Priestesses, 1990.
Guthrie, William Keith Chambers, The Greeks and their Gods, 1955.
Hall, Manly Palmer, The Secret Teachings of All Ages, 1928. Ch. 14 cf. Greek Oracles,www, PRS
Harrison, Jane Ellen, Themis: A Study of the Social Origins of Greek Religion, 1912. cf. Chapter IX, p.329 especially, on the slaying of the Python.
Kerenyi, Karl, (1951) 1980. The Gods of the Greeks especially pp 135-6.  
Homeric Hymn to Pythian Apollo
Rohde, Erwin, Psyche, 1925.
Smith, William; Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London (1873). "Python"
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