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 Scoiattolo: attività e prontezza

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MessaggioOggetto: Scoiattolo: attività e prontezza   Sab 24 Apr 2010 - 14:17

FONTE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scoiattolo


Scoiattolo
Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.
Lo scoiattolo (Sciurus vulgaris) è un roditore di taglia medio-piccola (40 cm) della famiglia degli Sciuridae, che comprende molte altre specie come la marmotta e il cane della prateria.

In verità, al genere Sciurus e ai suoi parenti più prossimi appartengono diverse specie di animali che vanno sotto il nome comune di "scoiattolo". La specie più nota è certamente lo scoiattolo europeo, rosso col pelo del petto più chiaro. In Italia la varietà rossa arriva fino alla Tuscia e all'Umbria. Più a sud viene sostituita dalla varietà nera, caratteristica dei boschi dell'Appennino dall'Abruzzo all'Aspromonte (ma se ne trova una piccola popolazione anche a Villa Ada, al centro di Roma, da non confondersi con le tamie introdotte dall'uomo).

Lo scoiattolo è un animale arboricolo, abile saltatore, e per questo legato agli ambienti silvani. Si nutre di noci, ghiande, funghi e frutta, delle quali fa cospicue scorte durante la stagione estiva, immagazzinandole in dispense ben nascoste, per poi attingerne nei periodi di scarsità (salvo dimenticarsene, collaborando così alla disseminazione delle piante). I principali predatori dello scoiattolo sono la martora (Martes martes), il gatto selvatico (Felis silvestris) e diverse specie di rapaci.

Le popolazioni italiane (ed europee in generale) di Sciurus vulgaris sono fortemente minacciate dalla diffusione incontrollata di una specie introdotta (alloctona) dall'uomo nel secolo passato, l'americano Sciurus carolinensis (lo scoiattolo grigio), che possedendo un tasso riproduttivo più elevato e una maggiore adattabilità (in una parola, una maggiore idoneità biologica o fitness) sta velocemente sostituendo la specie nostrana laddove le due vengono in contatto. In Italia ciò sta succedendo in Piemonte e in Liguria, dove la rarefazione della specie rossa è ormai un dato di fatto. Un programma di eradicazione di questa specie, proposto dagli ecologi, è stato avversato da ambientalisti



FONTE IMMAGINE: http://www.loscoiattoloelanoce.it/Proposte%20vacanza.html


FONTE: http://animalitotem.wordpress.com/2008/02/27/animali-della-tradizione-celtica/
Scoiattolo (Feòrag): Questa creatura è sempre indaffarata e può mostrare allo sciamano come occuparsi di magia in modo pratico. Aiuta a pianificare le cose per tempo, in modo da utilizzare al meglio le risorse di cui si dispone. Equilibra lavoro e giocosità.
Integra lavoro e gioco. Ti insegna a sfruttare l’energia del tuo bambino interiore e dona un approccio gioioso alla vita. Nel momento in cui ti senti appesantito dagli oneri della responsabilità o del lavoro, ti aiuta a sdrammatizzare, ritrovando la fiducia, la curiosità e la gioia.


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://grandiclassicidellanatura.blogspot.com/2007/06/scoiattolo-che-non-ha-nulla-da-fare.html


Ultima modifica di Tila il Sab 14 Ago 2010 - 9:14, modificato 1 volta
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MessaggioOggetto: Re: Scoiattolo: attività e prontezza   Lun 26 Apr 2010 - 10:48

Ratatoskr
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratatoskr

A 17th century Icelandic manuscript depicting Ratatoskr with a horn.
In Norse mythology, Ratatoskr (Old Norse, generally considered "drill-tooth"[1] or "bore-tooth"[2]) is a squirrel who runs up and down the world tree Yggdrasil to carry messages between the unnamed eagle, perched atop Yggdrasil, and the wyrm Níðhöggr, who dwells beneath one of the three roots of the tree. Ratatoskr is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson. Scholars have proposed theories about the implications of the squirrel.
Contents
• 1 Etymology
• 2 Attestations
• 3 Theories
• 4 Notes
• 5 References

Etymology
The name Ratatoskr contains two elements: rata- and -toskr. The element toskr is generally held to mean "tusk". Guðbrandur Vigfússon theorized that the rati- element means "the traveller". Vigfússon says that the name of the legendary drill Rati may feature the same term. According to Vigfússon, Ratatoskr means "tusk the traveller" or "the climber tusk."[3]
Sophus Bugge theorized that the name Ratatoskr is a loan from Old English meaning "Rat-tooth." Bugge's basis hinges on the fact that the -toskr element of the compound does not appear anywhere else in Old Norse. Bugge proposed that the -toskr element is a reformation of the Old English word tūsc (Old Frisian tusk) and, in turn, that the element Rata- represents Old English ræt ("rat").[4]
According to Albert Sturtevant, "[as] far as the element Rata- is concerned, Bugge's hypothesis has no valid foundation in view of the fact that the [Old Norse] word Rata (gen. form of Rati*) is used in Háv[amál] (106, 1) to signify the instrument which Odin employed for boring his way through the rocks in quest of the poet's mead [...]" and that "Rati* must then be considered a native [Old Norse] word meaning "The Borer, Gnawer" [...]". [4]
Sturtevant says that Bugge's theory regarding the element -toskr may appear to be supported by the fact that the word does not appear elsewhere in Old Norse. Sturtevant, however, disagrees. Sturtevant says that the Old Norse proper name Tunne (derived from Proto-Norse *Tunþē) refers to "a person who is characterized as having some peculiar sort of tooth" and theorizes a Proto-Germanic form of -toskr. Sturtevant concludes that "the fact that the [Old Norse] word occurs only in the name Rata-toskr is no valid evidence against this assumption, for there are many [Old Norse] hapax legomena of native origin, as is attested by the equivalents in the Mod[ern] Scandinavian dialects."[5] Modern scholars have accepted this etymology, listing the name Ratatoskr as meaning "drill-tooth" (Jesse Byock, Andy Orchard, Rudolf Simek[1]) or "bore-tooth" (John Lindow[2]).
Attestations


A red squirrel in an evergreen tree in Norway.
In the Poetic Edda poem Grímnismál, the god Odin (disguised as Grímnir) says that Ratatoskr runs up and down Yggdrasil bringing messages between the eagle perched atop it and Níðhöggr below it:
Benjamin Thorpe translation:
Ratatösk is the squirrel named, who has run
in Yggdrasil's ash;
he from above the eagle's words must carry,
and beneath the Nidhögg repeat.[6]
Henry Adams Bellows translation:
Ratatosk is the squirrel who there shall run
On the ash-tree Yggdrasil;
From above the words of the eagle he bears,
And tells them to Nithhogg beneath.[7]

In the Prose Edda book Gylfaginning, Ratatoskr is attested in chapter 16. In the chapter, Gangleri (described as king Gylfi in disguise) asks High what other notable facts there are to know about Yggdrasil. High's account agrees with the Grímnismál attestation but he adds that the messages are slanderous gossip:
'There is much to be told. An eagle sits at the top of the ash, and it has knowledge of many things. Between its eyes sits the hawk called Vedrfolnir [...]. The squirrel called Ratatosk [...] runs up and down the ash. He tells slanderous gossip, provoking the eagle and Nidhogg.'[8]
Theories
According to Rudolf Simek, "the squirrel probably only represents an embellishing detail to the mythological picture of the world-ash in Grímnismál."[9] Hilda Ellis Davidson, describing the world tree, states the squirrel is said to gnaw at it—furthering a continual destruction and re-growth cycle, and posits the tree symbolizes ever-changing existence.[10] John Lindow points out that Yggdrasil is described as rotting on one side and as being chewed on by four harts and Níðhöggr, and that, according to the account in Gylfaginning, it also bears verbal hostility in the fauna it supports. Lindow adds that "in the sagas, a person who helps stir up or keep feuds alive by ferrying words of malice between the participants is seldom one of high status, which may explain the assignment of this role in the mythology to a relatively insignificant animal."[2]
Richard W. Thorrington Jr. and Katie Ferrell theorize that "the role of Ratatosk probably derived from the habit of European tree squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) to give a scolding alarm call in response to danger. It takes little imagination for you to think that the squirrel is saying nasty things about you."[11]
Notes
1. ^ a b Orchard (1997:129), Simek (2007:261), and Byock (2005:173).
2. ^ a b c Lindow (2001:259).
3. ^ Vigfusson (1874:483).
4. ^ a b Sturtevant (1956:111).
5. ^ Sturtevant (1956:111–112).
6. ^ Thorpe (1907:23).
7. ^ Bellows (1936:97).
8. ^ Byock (2005:26).
9. ^ Simek (2007:261).
10. ^ Davidson (1993:68-69).
11. ^ Thorrington Jr. and Ferrel (2006:142).
References
• Bellows, Henry Adams (Trans.) (1936). The Poetic Edda. Princeton University Press. New York: The American-Scandinavian Foundation.
• Byock, Jesse (Trans.) (2005). The Prose Edda. Penguin Classics. ISBN 0-14-044755-5
• Davidson, Hilda Roderick Ellis (1993). The Lost Beliefs of Northern Europe. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-04937-7
• Lindow, John (2001). Norse Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Heroes, Rituals, and Beliefs. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-515382-0
• Orchard, Andy (1997). Dictionary of Norse Myth and Legend. Cassell. ISBN 0-304-34520-2
• Simek, Rudolf (2007) translated by Angela Hall. Dictionary of Northern Mythology. D.S. Brewer ISBN 0-85991-513-1
• Sturtevant, Albert Morey (1956). "Three Old Norse Words: Gamban, Ratatoskr, and Gymir" as collected in Sturtevant, Albert Morey (Editor) (1956). Scandinavian Studies', August 1956, volume 28, number 3.
• Thorington Jr. Richard W. and Ferrell, Katie (2006). Squirrels: The Animal Answer Guide. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8403-9
• Thorpe, Benjamin (Trans.) (1907). The Elder Edda of Saemund Sigfusson. Norrœna Society.
• Vigfusson, Gudbrandur (1874). An Icelandic-English Dictionary: Based on the Ms. Collections of the Late Richard Cleasby. Clarendon Press.


Ultima modifica di Admin il Ven 10 Dic 2010 - 17:30, modificato 1 volta
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MessaggioOggetto: Re: Scoiattolo: attività e prontezza   Mer 15 Set 2010 - 16:25

Altre notizie su questo simpaticissimo animale...

FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squirrel




Squirrel
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Squirrels belong to a large family of small or medium-sized rodents called the Sciuridae. The family includes tree squirrels, ground squirrels, chipmunks, marmots (including woodchucks), flying squirrels, and prairie dogs. Squirrels are indigenous to the Americas, Eurasia, and Africa and have been introduced to Australia. Squirrels are first attested in the Eocene, about forty million years ago, and are most closely related to the mountain beaver and to dormice among living species.
Contents
[hide]

* 1 Etymology
* 2 Characteristics
* 3 Behavior
o 3.1 Feeding
* 4 Taxonomy
* 5 References
* 6 Literature cited
* 7 External links

[edit] Etymology

The word squirrel, first attested in 1327, comes via Anglo-Norman esquirel from the Old French escurel, the reflex of a Latin word sciurus which was itself borrowed from Greek.[1] The word itself comes from the Greek word σκίουρος, skiouros, which means shadow-tailed, referring to the bushy appendage possessed by many of its members.[2]

The native Old English word, 'ācweorna', survived only into Middle English (as aquerna) before being replaced.[1] The Old English word is of Common Germanic origin, with cognates such as German Eichhorn/Eichhörnchen and Norwegian ekorn.

[edit] Characteristics

Squirrels are generally small animals, ranging in size from the African pygmy squirrel, at 7–10 cm (2.8–3.9 in) in length, and just 10 g (0.35 oz) in weight, to the Alpine marmot, which is 53–73 cm (21–29 in) long, and weighs from 5 to 8 kg (11 to 18 lb). Squirrels typically have slender bodies with bushy tails and large eyes. Their fur is generally soft and silky, although much thicker in some species than others. The color of squirrels is highly variable between – and often even within – species.

The hindlimbs are generally longer than the forelimbs, and they have four or five toes on each foot. Their paws on their forefeet include a thumb, although this is often poorly developed. The feet also have a soft pad on the underside.[3]

Squirrels live in almost every habitat from tropical rainforest to semiarid desert, avoiding only the high polar regions and the driest of deserts. They are predominantly herbivorous, subsisting on seeds and nuts, but many will eat insects, and even small vertebrates.

As their large eyes indicate, squirrels generally have an excellent sense of vision, which is especially important for tree-dwelling species. They also have very versatile and sturdy claws for grasping and climbing.[4] Many also have a good sense of touch, with vibrissae on their heads and limbs.[3]

The teeth of sciurids follow the typical rodent pattern, with large gnawing incisors that grow throughout life, and grinding cheek teeth set back behind a wide gap, or diastema. The typical dental formula for sciurids is:
Dentition
1.0.1.3
1.0.1.3
[edit] Behavior

Squirrels breed once or twice a year, and give birth to a varying number of young after three to six weeks, depending on species. The young are born naked, toothless, helpless, and blind. In almost all species, only the female looks after the young, which are weaned at around six to ten weeks of age, and become sexually mature at the end of their first year. Ground dwelling species are generally social animals, often living in well-developed colonies, but the tree-dwelling species are more solitary.[3]

Ground and tree squirrels are typically diurnal, while flying squirrels tend to be nocturnal—except for lactating flying squirrels and their offspring, which have a period of diurnality during the summer.[5]
[edit] Feeding

Unlike rabbits or deer, squirrels cannot digest cellulose and must rely on foods rich in protein, carbohydrates, and fat. In temperate regions, early spring is the hardest time of year for squirrels, because buried nuts begin to sprout and are no longer available for the squirrel to eat, and new food sources have not become available yet. During these times squirrels rely heavily on the buds of trees. Squirrels' diet consists primarily of a wide variety of plant food, including nuts, seeds, conifer cones, fruits, fungi and green vegetation. However some squirrels also consume meat, especially when faced with hunger.[6] Squirrels have been known to eat insects, eggs, small birds, young snakes and smaller rodents. Indeed, some tropical species have shifted almost entirely to a diet of insects.

Predatory behavior by various species of ground squirrels, particularly the thirteen-lined ground squirrel, has been noted.[7] Bailey, for example, observed a thirteen-lined ground squirrel preying upon a young chicken.[8] Wistrand reported seeing this same species eating a freshly killed snake.[9] Whitaker examined the stomachs of 139 thirteen-lined ground squirrels, and found bird flesh in four of the specimens and the remains of a short-tailed shrew in one;[10] Bradley, examining white-tailed antelope squirrels' stomachs, found at least 10% of his 609 specimens' stomachs contained some type of vertebrate, mostly lizards and rodents.[11] Morgart (1985) observed a white-tailed antelope squirrel capturing and eating a silky pocket mouse.[12]
[edit] Taxonomy
Grizzled Giant Squirrel (Ratufa macroura) of the Ratufinae
Southern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys volans) of the Pteromyini
Prevost's Squirrel (Callosciurus prevosti) of the Callosciurini
Unstriped Ground Squirrel (Xerus rutilus) of the Xerini
Alpine Marmot (Marmota marmota) of the Marmotini

The living squirrels are divided into 5 subfamilies, with about 50 genera and nearly 280 species. The oldest squirrel fossil, Hesperopetes, dates back to the Chadronian (Late Eocene, about 40 – 35 million years ago), and is similar to modern flying squirrels.[13]

During the latest Eocene to the Miocene, there were a variety of squirrels which cannot be assigned with certainty to any living lineage. At least some of these probably were variants of the oldest, basal "proto-squirrels" (in the sense that they lacked the full range of living squirrels' autapomorphies). The distribution and diversity of such ancient and ancestral forms suggests that the squirrels as a group might have originated in North America.[14]

Apart from these sometimes little-known fossil forms, the phylogeny of the living squirrels is fairly straightforward. There are three main lineages, one comprising the Ratufinae (Oriental giant squirrels). These contain a mere handful of living species in tropical Asia. The Neotropical Pygmy Squirrel of tropical South America is the sole living member of the Sciurillinae. The third lineage is by far the largest and contains all other subfamilies; it has a near-cosmopolitan distribution. This further supports the hypothesis that the common ancestor of all squirrels living and fossil lived in North America, as these three most ancient lineages seem to have radiated from there – if squirrels had originated in Eurasia for example, one would expect quite ancient lineages in Africa, but African squirrels seem to be of more recent origin.[14]

The main group of squirrels also can be split up in three, which yields the remaining subfamilies. The Sciurinae contains the flying squirrels (Pteromyini) and the Sciurini, which among others contains the American tree squirrels; the former have often been considered a separate subfamily but are now seen as a tribe of the Sciurinae. The pine squirrels (Tamiasciurus) on the other hand are usually included with the main tree squirrel lineage, but appear to be about as distinct as the flying squirrels; hence they are sometimes considered a distinct tribe, Tamiasciurini.[15]

Be that as it may, the three-way split of the main squirrel lineage is rather neat from a biogeographical and ecological perspective. Two of the three subfamilies are of about equal size, containing between nearly 70 to some 80 species each; the third is about twice as large. The Sciurinae contains arboreal (tree-living) squirrels, mainly of the Americas and to a lesser extent Eurasia. The Callosciurinae on the other hand is most diverse in tropical Asia and contains squirrels which are also arboreal, but have a markedly different habitus and appear more "elegant", an effect enhanced by their often very colorful fur. The Xerinae – the largest subfamily – are made up from the mainly terrestrial (ground-living) forms and include the large marmots and the popular prairie dogs among others, as well as the tree squirrels of Africa; they tend to be more gregarious than other squirrels which do not usually live together in close-knit groups.[14]

* Basal and incertae sedis Sciuridae (all fossil)
o Hesperopetes
o Kherem
o Lagrivea
o Oligosciurus
o Plesiosciurus
o Prospermophilus
o Sciurion
o Similisciurus
o Sinotamias
o Vulcanisciurus
* Subfamily Cedromurinae (fossil)
* Subfamily Ratufinae – Oriental giant squirels (1 genus, 4 species)
* Subfamily Sciurillinae – Neotropical Pygmy Squirrel (monotypic)
* Subfamily Sciurinae
o Tribe Sciurini – tree squirrels (5 genera, c.38 species)
o Tribe Pteromyini – true flying squirrels (15 genera, c.45 species)
* Subfamily Callosciurinae – Asian ornate squirrels
o Tribe Callosciurini (13 genera, nearly 60 species)
o Tribe Funambulini palm squirrels (1 genus, 5 species)
* Subfamily Xerinae – terrestrial squirrels
o Tribe Xerini – spiny squirrels (3 genera, 6 species)
o Tribe Protoxerini (6 genera, c.50 species)
o Tribe Marmotini – ground squirrels, marmots, chipmunks, prairie dogs, etc. (6 genera, c.90 species)

[edit] References

1. ^ a b "Squirrel". Online Etymology Dictionary. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=squirrel. Retrieved 2008-02-07.
2. ^ Whitaker & Elman (1980): 370
3. ^ a b c Milton (1984)
4. ^ "Squirrel" - HowStuffWorks
5. ^ Törmälä, Timo; Vuorinen, Hannu; Hokkanen, Heikki (1980). "Timing of circadian activity in the flying squirrel in central Finland". Acta Theriologica 25 (32–42): 461–474. http://acta.zbs.bialowieza.pl/contents/?art=1980-025-32-42-0461. Retrieved 2007-07-11.
6. ^ "Tree Squirrels". The Humane Society of the United States. http://www.hsus.org/wildlife/a_closer_look_at_wildlife/tree_squirrels.html. Retrieved 2009-01-09.
7. ^ Friggens, M. (2002). "Carnivory on Desert Cottontails by Texas Antelope Ground Squirrels". The Southwestern Naturalist 47 (1): 132–133. doi:10.2307/3672818. http://jstor.org/stable/3672818.
8. ^ Bailey, B. (1923). "Meat-eating propensities of some rodents of Minnesota". Journal of Mammalogy 4: 129.
9. ^ Wistrand, E.H. (1972). "Predation on a Snake by Spermophilus tridecemlineatus". American Midland Naturalist 88 (2): 511–512. doi:10.2307/2424389. http://jstor.org/stable/2424389.
10. ^ Whitaker, J.O. (1972). "Food and external parasites of Spermophilus tridecemlineatus in Vigo County, Indiana". Journal of Mammalogy 53 (3): 644–648. doi:10.2307/1379067. http://jstor.org/stable/1379067.
11. ^ Bradley, W. G. (1968). "Food habits of the antelope ground squirrel in southern Nevada". Journal of Mammalogy 49 (1): 14–21. doi:10.2307/1377723. http://jstor.org/stable/1377723.
12. ^ Morgart, J.R. (May 1985). "Carnivorous behavior by a white-tailed antelope ground squirrel Ammospermophilus leucurus". The Southwestern Naturalist 30 (2): 304–305. doi:10.2307/3670745. http://jstor.org/stable/3670745.
13. ^ Emry, R.J. and Korth, W.W. 2007. A new genus of squirrel (Rodentia, Sciuridae) from the mid-Cenozoic of North America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 27(3):693–698.
14. ^ a b c Steppan & Hamm (2006)
15. ^ Steppan et al. (2004), Steppan & Hamm (2006)

[edit] Literature cited

* Milton, Katherine (1984): [Family Sciuridae]. In: Macdonald, D. (ed.): The Encyclopedia of Mammals: 612–623. Facts on File, New York. ISBN 0-87196-871-1
* Steppan, Scott J. & Hamm, Shawn M. (2006): Tree of Life Web Project – Sciuridae (Squirrels). Version of 2006-MAY-13. Retrieved 2007-DEC-10.
* Steppan, Scott J.; Storz, B.L. & Hoffmann, R.S. (2004): "Nuclear DNA phylogeny of the squirrels (Mammalia: Rodentia) and the evolution of arboreality from c-myc and RAG1" (pdf). Mol. Phyl. Evol. 30(3): 703–719. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00204-5
* Thorington, R.W. & Hoffmann, R.S. (2005): Family Sciuridae. In: Mammal Species of the World – A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference: 754–818. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
* Whitaker, John O. Jr. & Elman, Robert (1980): The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mammals (2nd ed.). Alfred Knopf, New York. ISBN 0-394-50762-2




FONTE:
http://www.linsdomain.com/totems/pages/squirrel.htm

SQUIRREL

Chatter, scold, creature bold,
Warning all by your call.
Discovery, change, bring within my range.
Warnings as free, send to me.


Gathering, Activity, Preparedness

The gathering power of Squirrel is a great gift.
It teaches us balance within the circle of gathering and giving out.
They remind us that in our quest for our goals,
it is vital to make time for play and socializing.

Squirrel teaches us to conserve our energy for times of need.
If your totem is Squirrel or Squirrel has recently entered your life,
lighten your load of things that are unnecessary –
things that you have gathered in the past and may be cluttering your life –
thoughts, worries, and stresses.

Squirrel is also the totem of action.
Ask yourself are you too active, not active enough, afraid of enough,
hung up on accumulating and collecting.
Squirrel people tend to be a little erratic – trying to do many things at once.
Take the time to stop and listen to your inner self – and don’t forget to play!

Some of the information on this webpage was derived from the following sources:
Sans, Jamie & Carson, David. Medicine Cards: the Discovery of Power Through the Way of Animals. Santa Fe, NM. 1988. Print.
Andrews, Ted. Animal-speak: the Spiritual & Magical Powers of Creatures Great & Small. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1993. Print.
Andrews, Ted. Animal-Wise: the Spirit Language and Signs of Nature. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1999. Print.
D. J. Conway. Animal Magick: the Art of Recognizing & Working with Familiars. Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 2003. Print.
Farmer, Steven D. Animal Spirit Guides. Hayhouse Inc., 2006. Print.
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MessaggioOggetto: Re: Scoiattolo: attività e prontezza   Dom 10 Ott 2010 - 17:15

Visto che oggi ne ho visto uno, uscire fuori di corsa da un cespuglio, ho deciso di onorarlo cercando altri documenti su questo bellissimo e puccioso totem...quello che ho visto era identico a quello che vedete nella seguente foto ...

Buona lettura...



FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Blacksquirrelrev.jpg




FONTE:
http://www.whats-your-sign.com/animal-symbolism-squirrel.html

Animal Symbolism of the Squirrel

Squirrel Meaning and Symbolic Thoughts about Squirrels

When the squirrel comes into our lives it is often a message for us to have more fun, and take life a little less seriously. We can see this in the squirrel's daily antics in our yards and surroundings.

However, other animal symbolism of squirrels deal with practicality. As the squirrel is commonly known to hide and save its food and return to it in the winter months - we take this as a sign in our own lives; a sign that it might be time to look into our own provisions. For example: Is it time to consider a retirement plan? Are we adequately insured? Or even as simple as doing simple and preventative repairs around the house.

Common summary of animal symbolism of the squirrel:

* Energy
* Play
* Prudence
* Balance
* Socializing
* Preparation
* Resourcefulness

It's not commonly known that the squirrel only actually finds 10% of the nuts he hides for safekeeping. This is another message from the squirrel that we can also foolishly over-prepare. Here there is a lesson of balance to be considered.

However, there is a higher significance in this message of finding our 10%. All those nuts our squirrels do not recover are all primed and ready to seed themselves. This means, that thanks to our furry friends, we are gifted with new generations of trees and plants sprouting from all the seeds and nuts burrowed in the soil by squirrels.

This symbolically coincides with the old adage "what we sow is what we reap." What may seem like absent-mindedness is actually a strong message to us to be mindful of the metaphorical seeds we plant in our own lives as they we will surely reap the consequences.

Squirrels are quite sociable, and are often seen in pairs or groups. Any amount of observation of the squirrel will reveal that it is a vocal creature as well, and using extensive communications - particularly when in play or when it feels threatened.

In this manner, the animal symbolism of squirrels addresses our ability to express ourselves in social settings. The squirrel reminds us to communicate effectively with others, and to honor those around us with our presence (rather than dishonor them with inappropriate or rude behavior).

The animal symbolism of this animal is also tied in with the fact that squirrels are solar creatures, and as such, they carry solar animal symbolism such as:

* Passion
* Energy
* Expression
* Vitality

As I often tell people asking me about animal totems, they are just as willing to communicate with us as we are with them. I would encourage you to meditate upon the squirrel, and ask it to reveal its message to you. Odds are it will share its own special messages with you.
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Femminile Serpente
Numero di messaggi : 1826
Data d'iscrizione : 22.03.10
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Località : Prov. CN

MessaggioOggetto: Re: Scoiattolo: attività e prontezza   Gio 9 Giu 2011 - 8:54

Admin riporto la versione italiana di wikipedia su Ratatoskr, lo scoiattolo che, secondo la mitologia norrena, vive su Yggdrasill.

Per approfondimenti vi invito anche alla visione dei seguenti link interni del forum, buona lettura:

http://sciamanesimo.forumattivo.com/f77-cosmic-tree-axis-mundi-l-albero-cosmico-asse-del-mondo

http://sciamanesimo.forumattivo.com/t396-il-frassino-yggdrasill

http://sciamanesimo.forumattivo.com/f32-paganesimo-nordico-e-germanico-la-culla-norrena



FONTE:
http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratatoskr

Ratatoskr
Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.

Ratatoskr (dal norreno "dente che perfora") è, nella mitologia norrena, il nome dello scoiattolo che vive su Yggdrasill, l'albero cosmico. Ratatoskr percorre instancabilmente e con fulminea velocità il tronco dalle radici, dove si annida il serpente Níðhöggr, sino alla sommità dei rami, dove sta una grande aquila, facendo da tramite per le male parole che i due si scambiano incessanti.
(NON)
« Íkorni sá er heitir Ratatoskr renn upp ok niðr eptir askinum, ok berr öfundarorð milli arnarins ok Níðhöggs »
(IT)
« Lo scoiattolo che si chiama Ratatoskr corre su e giù per il frassino e riporta le calunnie fra l'aquila e Níðhöggr »
(Snorri Sturluson - Edda in prosa - Gylfaginning XVI)

Secondo la filologa germanica Gianna Chiesa Isnardi, lo scoiattolo Ratatoskr rappresenta la velocità; suo compito è permettere che l'antagonismo fra cielo e terra, fra bene e male, fra sfera spirituale e sfera materiale non si interrompa mai.[1]


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:AM_738_4to_Ratatoskr.png

Citazioni nei videogiochi

Nel videogioco Tales of Symphonia: Dawn of the New World per Wii, la storia è incentrata su Ratatosk e sul bisogno di risvegliarlo.

Note

^ Gianna Chiesa Isnardi, I Miti nordici, nota 4, pag. 79. Milano, Longanesi, 1991. ISBN 88-304-1031-4.

Bibliografia

Snorri Sturluson, Edda in prosa, Milano, Adelphi, 1975. ISBN 88-459-0095-9.



FONTE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sciurus_vulgaris#Mitologia

Mitologia

Lo scoiattolo non fa parte della mitologia né della favolistica greca o romana. È citato occasionalmente da alcuni autori per la caratteristica curiosa (secondo una credenza popolare) di farsi ombra con la coda nelle giornate assolate; da qui il nome greco "σκίουρος (skíoyros)" (da cui il latino "sciurus") che significa letteralmente "che si fa ombra".

Secondo la mitologia norrena lo scoiattolo è sacro a Loki (dio del fuoco) per via del colore rosso acceso della pelliccia; per lo stesso motivo è anche caro a Thor, rosso di capelli.

Nella simbologia pittorica cristiana del Medioevo lo scoiattolo rappresenta il diavolo, sempre per il colore rosso acceso della pelliccia oltre che per l'agilità e la rapidità.[1]



FONTE IMMAGINE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Kurre5.jpg


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Baby_Squirrel_Sleeping.jpg
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MessaggioOggetto: Re: Scoiattolo: attività e prontezza   Oggi a 18:22

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