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 La Geomanzia

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MessaggioOggetto: La Geomanzia   Mar 21 Apr 2009 - 6:32

La Geomanzia


La Geomanzia

La Geomanzia ha origini assai antiche. Secondo alcuni studiosi essa avrebebavuto origine in Persia. Il fulcro della sua logica di funzionamento starebbenell’interpretare secondo canoni ben precisi i disegni che si formano gettandoa terra sassi, sterco di cammello, cristalli, altra terra, bastoncini di legno,etc. Nel corso dei secoli Geomanzia e Astrologia condivisero molti significati,questo poi portò entrambe le discipline ad avere in comune molti elementifigurati e simbolici.
Cisono 16 figure geomantiche di base: consigliamo la lettura del sito http://www.eclettismo.altervista.org/Divinazione/divinazione_geo.htm per comprendere sinteticamente la loro natura


Ultima modifica di Admin il Gio 9 Dic 2010 - 18:28, modificato 1 volta
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MessaggioOggetto: Re: La Geomanzia   Mar 21 Apr 2009 - 6:41

Creazione delle figure Madri:

La prima cosa da fare è creare le figure che serviranno poi all'interpretazione, si tratta di 4 figure Madre, 4 figure Figlia, 4 figure Nipote, 2 figure Testimone e una figura Giudice. Per avere una figura Madre, una volta caduti o tracciati segni a caso su quattro righe, si conta come segue:
es. 1° Madre:

|||||||||| = 10 segni, numero dispari, uguale al segno "O O"

|||||||||||||| = 14 segni, numero pari, uguale al segno "O O"

||||||||| = 9 segni, numero dispari, uguale al segno "O"

|||||||| = 7 segni, numero pari, uguali al segno "O" Il segno che che ne esce è la Amissio (La perdita).

Si ripete 4 volte ottenendo 4 figure Madre, la 1°, la 2°, la 3° e la 4°.

Creazione delle figure Figlie:

A questo punto le si pongono in fila e prendendo i segni relativi alle righe si creano le quattro "FIGLIE".
























Dall'esempio sopra, quindi, la 1° figlia sarà CAPUT DRACONIS, la seconda ALBUS, la terza CAUDA DRACONIS, la quarta CAUDA DRACONIS nuovamente.

Creazione delle figure Nipote:

Addizionando le figure ottenute fra loro si avranno 4 nuovi segni che chiameremo Nipoti. Il 1° Nipote si ottiene sommando la 1° Madre con la 2° Madre tenendo sempre in considerazione il risultato come dispari o pari ("O" oppure "O O").

1° MADRE + 2° MADRE = 1° NIPOTE (seguendo l'esempio Laetitia)

3° MADRE + 4° MADRE = 2° NIPOTE (seguendo l'esempio Caput Draconis)

1° FIGLIA + 2° FIGLIA = 3° NIPOTE (seguendo l'esempio Acquisitio)

3° FIGLIA + 4° FIGLIA = 4° NIPOTE (seguendo l'esempio Populus)

Creazione dei Testimoni e del Giudice:

A questo punto si creano i Testimoni sommando i quattro Nipoti fra loro nello modo usato sopra. Infine dalla somma dei Testimoni si otterrà il Giudice.

1° NIPOTE + 2° NIPOTE = TESTIMONE DI DESTRA (seguendo l'esempio Via)

3° NIPOTE + 4° NIPOTE = TESTIMONE DI SINISTRA (seguendo l'esempio Acquisitio)



TESTIMONE DI DESTRA + TESTIMONE DI SINISTRA = GIUDICE (seguendo l'esempio Amissio)


FONTE: http://www.eclettismo.altervista.org/Divinazione/divinazione_geo.htm
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MessaggioOggetto: Re: La Geomanzia   Lun 8 Giu 2009 - 8:58

qualcuno la pratica?
io l'ho usata qualche volta, ha dato delle risposte molto esaurienti, ma è un po' un mazzo....
sapevo che poteva essere usata lanciando i sassi per sentire le energie della terra....
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MessaggioOggetto: Re: La Geomanzia   Mer 10 Giu 2009 - 11:13

Masca ha scritto:
qualcuno la pratica?
io l'ho usata qualche volta, ha dato delle risposte molto esaurienti, ma è un po' un mazzo....
sapevo che poteva essere usata lanciando i sassi per sentire le energie della terra....

cosa intendi "per sentire la energia della terra"? che scopo in piu può avere secondo te questo nella lettura geomantica?
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MessaggioOggetto: Re: La Geomanzia   Mer 10 Giu 2009 - 11:38

allora, tu hai proposto il metodo standard per elaborare le figure geomantiche, e va bene...ma esiste anche quello, molto più antico, in cui, semplicemente, getti dei sassi e arrivi a una delle figure geomantiche...ecco, in quel modo, gettando i sassi, magari su delle linee ley, comprendi il tipo di energia che scorre sotto di te, ed eventualmente lo incanali utilizzandolo per diversi scopi (la cara cittadella ad esempio, ma questo esula dal discorso geomantico)
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MessaggioOggetto: Re: La Geomanzia   Mer 10 Giu 2009 - 11:50

Masca ha scritto:
allora, tu hai proposto il metodo standard per elaborare le figure geomantiche, e va bene...ma esiste anche quello, molto più antico, in cui, semplicemente, getti dei sassi e arrivi a una delle figure geomantiche...ecco, in quel modo, gettando i sassi, magari su delle linee ley, comprendi il tipo di energia che scorre sotto di te, ed eventualmente lo incanali utilizzandolo per diversi scopi (la cara cittadella ad esempio, ma questo esula dal discorso geomantico)

uh si ne ho sentito parlare si cita il metodo anche nei testi che puoi trovare sulla geomanzia, tuttavia non ho mai capito come costruire figure geomantiche sulla base della azione del gettare i sassi.

Il metodo standard è piuttosto recente, se non sbaglio è stato elaborato durante il 500 da un umanista italiano.

Lavorare in divinazione in luoghi particolari è una bellaidea, che gli antichi conoscevano meglio di noi...vedi la pizia di delfi oppure i druidi e gli sciamani in generale....beh si puo provare a fare dei test di lettura in posti comuni e in luoghi sulle cosiddette ley lines, certo ci vuole tempo, una serie di campioni molto lunghi..sia nel tempo che in numero.

Credo anche che la divinazione fatta senza troppi pregiudizi possa anche sforare nell'interagire nel qui ed ora e nel cambiare a scopo terapeutico il corso delle cose, che ne pensi?
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MessaggioOggetto: Re: La Geomanzia   Mer 10 Giu 2009 - 15:21

Admin ha scritto:
Credo anche che la divinazione fatta senza troppi pregiudizi possa anche sforare nell'interagire nel qui ed ora e nel cambiare a scopo terapeutico il corso delle cose, che ne pensi?

beh, la divinazione serve a intravedere la trama del Wyrd, poi sta a te interagire o meno in base a quello che hai visto, se ti sta bene o vuoi correggere alcune cose...
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MessaggioOggetto: Re: La Geomanzia   Lun 20 Giu 2011 - 10:46

Admin riporto i documenti di wikipedia attinenti all'argomento.

FONTE: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geomanzia

Geomanzia
Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.

La geomanzia nasce in Persia, ed è ritenuta essere il più antico sistema divinatorio ancora oggi praticato in Occidente.

Geomanzia nella tradizione mediterranea

Nella forma più antica si prendeva fra le mani una manciata di terriccio, la si gettava al suolo con garbo, quindi l'indovino interpretava le forme createsi.

Nella versione attuale, chiamata geomanzia sulla carta, si formula una domanda e quindi, a occhi chiusi, si picchietta con la punta di una matita su un foglio, tracciandovi istintivamente dei piccoli cerchi, in sedici file. Fatto ciò, i segni vengono raggruppati a coppie, finché, alla fine della fila, non resta o una coppia intera o un segno spaiato.

Questa operazione si ripete per le sedici file, e i segni finali, doppi o unici, vengono raggruppati a quattro a quattro, in modo da ottenere quattro figure di quattro segni l'una, incolonnati. Queste prime quattro figure sono dette "le madri". Da queste, ricomponendo i segni delle quattro madri linea per linea partendo dall'alto, si ricavano altre quattro figure (le figlie). Poi, sommando i segni delle prime due e seconde due madri e delle prime due e seconde due figlie si ricavano altre quattro figure (le nipoti), e poi da queste, sempre sommando i segni, singoli o doppi, i due testimoni (del passato e del futuro), e infine dalla somma di questi due la sintesi (il cosiddetto giudice).

Le figure possibili sono sedici, alcune benefiche, altre di auspicio meno lieto: popolus, via, caput draconis, puella, puer, cauda draconis, fortuna maior, carcer, fortuna minor, conjunctio, tristitia, laetitia, albus, rubeus, acquisitio, amissio.

Geomanzia cinese

I viaggiatori europei ed in particolar modo i gesuiti (tra i quali Matteo Ricci e Martino Martini) indicano con il termine Geomanzia (in latino: geomantica ars- geomanticae artis) tutte le pratiche riconducibili a torto o a ragione alla tradizione del Feng shui, sia per quel che riguarda la migliore localizzazione per l'edificazione di tombe, sia per l'urbanistica, l'architettura, l'arredamento degli interni.



Più completa è la versione inglese...buona lettura!

FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geomancy

Geomancy
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Geomancy (Greek: γεωμαντεία, "earth divination") is a method of divination that interprets markings on the ground or the patterns formed by tossed handfuls of soil, rocks, or sand. The most prevalent form of divinatory geomancy involves interpreting a series of 16 figures formed by a randomized process that involves recursion followed by analyzing them, often augmented with astrological interpretations.

Once practiced by people from all social classes, it was one of the most popular forms of divination throughout Africa and Europe in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Books and treatises on geomancy were published up until the 17th century when most occult traditions fell out of popularity. Geomancy has recently seen a new interest through the works of John Michael Greer and other practitioners, with more mainstream occult circles practicing and teaching geomancy.


Geomantic instrument, Egypt or Syria, 1241-1242 CE, made by Muhammad ibn Khutlukh al Mawsuli. When turning the dials, random designs of dots would appear, which were then interpreted. British Museum.
FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_instrument_Egypt_or_Syria_1241_1242_CE_Muhammad_ibn_Khutlukh_al_Mawsuli.jpg


History of geomancy


The sixteen geomantic figures.
FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_figures.svg

Geomancy, from Ancient Greek geōmanteía translates literally to "foresight by earth"; it is a translation of the Arabic term ‛ilm al-raml, or the "science of the sand". Earlier Greek renditions of this word borrowed the word raml ("sand") directly, rendering it as rhamplion or rabolion. Other Arabic names for geomancy include khatt al-raml and darb al-raml.[1]

Geomancy is thought to have established roots in the Middle East when returning Arabic merchants brought the esoteric knowledge from East Asia via the Silk Road. The original names of the figures were traditionally given in Arabic, excluding a Persian origin. The reference in Hermetic texts to the mythical Ṭumṭum al-Hindi potentially points to an Indian origin, although Skinner thinks this to be unlikely.[2] Having an Islamic or Arabic origin is most likely, since the expansive trade routes of Arabian merchants would facilitate the exchange of culture and knowledge. It is theorized that related systems of divination in sub-Saharan Africa, such as Ifá and sikidy, either were based on or co-developed with Arabic divination systems; the use of binary numbers is a distinct trait in the culture of the African plains.[3]

European scholars and universities began to translate Arabic texts and treatises in the early Middle Ages, including those on geomancy. Isidore of Seville lists geomancy with other methods of divination including pyromancy, hydromancy, aeromancy, and necromancy without describing its application or methods;[4] it could be that Isidore of Seville was listing methods of elemental scrying more than what is commonly known as geomancy. The poem Experimentarius attributed to Bernardus Silvestris, who wrote in the middle of the 12th century, was a verse translation of a work on astrological geomancy. One of the first discourses on geomancy translated into Latin was the Ars Geomantiae of Hugh of Santalla; by this point, geomancy must have been an established divination system in Arabic-speaking areas of Africa and the Middle East. Other translators, such as Gerard of Cremona, also produced new translations of geomancy that incorporated astrological elements and techniques that were, up until this point, ignored.[5] From this point on, more European scholars studied and applied geomancy, writing many treatises in the process. Henry Cornelius Agrippa, Christopher Cattan, and John Heydon produced oft-cited and well-studied treatises on geomancy, along with other philosophers, occultists, and theologians until the 17th century, when interest in occultism and divination began to dwindle due to the rise of the Scientific Revolution and the Age of Reason.

Geomancy made a revival in the 19th century, when renewed interest in the occult arose due to the works of Robert Thomas Cross and Edward Bulwer-Lytton, Franz Hartmann published his text, The Principles of Astrological Geomancy, which spurred new interest in the divination system. Based on this and a few older texts, the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn began the task of recollecting knowledge on geomancy along with other occult subjects, with them, Aleister Crowley published his works that integrated various occult systems of knowledge. However, due to the short time the members of the Golden Dawn desired to learn, practice, and teach the old occult arts, many elaborate systems of divination and ritual had to be compressed, losing much in the process. In effect, they had reduced geomancy from a complex art of interpretation and skill in recognizing patterns to looking up predefined answers based on pairs of figures.

Like other systems of divination, geomancy has a mythological origin. According to one Arabic Hermetic text,[6] Idris (or Hermes Trismegistus) witnessed the angel Jibril in a dream. Idris asked for enlightenment, and Jibril proceeded to draw a geomantic figure; upon being asked what he was doing, Jibril instructed Idris in the geomantic arts. Keeping this secret, he sought out Ṭumṭum al-Hindi, an Indian king, who then wrote a book on geomancy. This book was passed down through clandestine circles into the hands of Khalaf al-Barbarĩ, who traveled to Medina and converted to Islam by the prophet Muhammad himself. Confessing to knowing a divinatory art, he explained that pre-Islamic prophets knew geomancy, and that by learning geomancy, one may "know all that the prophet knew."

Another mythological story for the origin of geomancy also involves Idris.[7] After praying to God that He give Idris easily a means to earn his living, Idris rested one day, bored and without work, and began to draw figures idly in the sand. As he did so, a stranger appeared before him and questioned what he was doing. Idris replied that he was simply entertaining himself, but the stranger replied that he was doing a very serious act. Idris became incredulous and tried to deny this, but the stranger explained the significance of the meaning of the figure Idris drew. He then commanded Idris to draw another figure, and upon doing so the stranger explained the meaning and significance of that figure. The pair continued this until Idris had discovered and understood the sixteen figures. The stranger then taught Idris how to form the figures in a regular manner and what the results meant, teaching him how to know things that could not be known with just the physical senses. After testing Idris' newfound knowledge and skill of geomancy, and revealing himself to be the angel Jibril in the process, the stranger disappeared. Idris, thankful to God and His messenger that he learned this art, never revealed the art to anyone. Before his death, he wrote a book describing the art as Jibril had taught him, and from his successors.

Other tablets and records from antiquity identify Idris with the prophets Daniel or Enoch. This was done in order to give geomancy a legitimate standing as a gift and skill from God, especially since one of the prophets had practiced it. However, those that argued against geomancy, such as Ibn Khaldun in his Muqaddima, countered that it was a pre-Islamic system of knowledge, and that all such epistemologies were rendered obsolete with the revelation of the Qur'an.[6]

Throughout the evolution and migration of geomancy, various tales and plays incorporated aspects of the art into their stories. In one story in One Thousand and One Nights, both the African Magician and his brother use geomancy to find Aladdin in order to do him harm. Geomancy's first mention in print was William Langland's Piers Plowman where it is unfavorably compared to the level of expertise a person needs for astronomy ("gemensye [geomesye] is gynful of speche"). In 1386 Chaucer used the Parson's Tale to poke fun at geomancy in Canterbury Tales: "What say we of them that believe in divynailes as …geomancie…" Shakespeare and Ben Jonson were also known to use geomancy for comic relief. Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy makes a passing reference to geomancy. In the first two stanzas of Canto XIX in the Purgatorio,

It was the hour when the diurnal heat

no more can warm the coldness of the moon, wanquished by earth, or peradventure Saturn,

When geomancers their Fortuna Major see in the orient before the dawn rise by a path that long remains not dim...
—Dante Aligheri, referencing the Greater Fortune (Fortuna Major) and the Way ("the path")


Generating the geomantic charts


A shield chart. The Mothers are, right to left, Via, Acquisitio, Conjunctio, and Laetitia. While the Reconciler is not pictured, it would be Amissio in this case.
FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_shieldchart.svg

Geomancy requires the geomancer to create sixteen lines of points or marks without counting, creating sixteen random numbers. Without taking note of the number of points made, the geomancer provides the seemingly random mechanism needed for most forms of divination. Once the lines are produced, the geomancer marks off the points two by two until either one or two points remain in the line; mathematically, this is the same as producing two dots if the number is even or one dot if the number is odd. Taking these leftover points in groups of four, they form the first four geomantic figures and form the basis for the generation of the remaining figures. Once this is done, the "inspired"[8] portion of the geomantic reading is done; what remains is algorithmic calculation.

Traditionally, geomancy requires a surface of sand and the hands or a stick, but can be done equally well with a wax tablet and stylus or a pen and paper; ritualized objects may or may not be desired for use in divination. Often, when drawing marks or figures, geomancers will proceed from right to left as a tradition from geomancy's Arabic origins, although this is by no means mandatory. Modern methods of geomancy include, in addition to the traditional ways, computerized random number generators or thrown objects; other methods including counting the eyes on potatoes,[9] spinning specialized dice,[10] or drawing a number of beans from a sack in a manner similar to kumalak.[11] Some practitioners use specialized cards, with each card representing a single geomantic figure; in this case, only four cards are drawn after shuffling. Specialized machines have also been used to generate full geomantic charts.[12]

The figures are entered into a specialized table, known as the shield chart, which illustrates the recursive processes reminiscent of the Cantor set[13] that form the figures. The first four figures are called the matres, or Mothers, and form the basis for the rest of the figures in the chart; they occupy the first four houses in the upper right-hand corner such that the first Mother is to the far right, the second Mother is to her left, and so on (continuing the right-to-left tradition). The next four figures, the filiae, or Daughters, are formed by rearranging the lines used in the Mothers: the first Daughter is formed by taking the first line from the first, second, third, and fourth Mothers in order and rearranging them to be the first Daughter's first, second, third, and fourth lines, respectively. The process is done similarly for the second Daughter using the second line from the Mothers, and so on. The Daughters are placed in the next four houses in order on the same row as the Mothers.

After the eight matres and filiae are formed, the four nepotes (or Nieces) are formed by adding those pairs of figures that rest above the houses of the respective Niece. Therefore, the first and second Mothers add to form the first Niece, the third and fourth Mothers add to form the second Niece, and so on. Here, addition involves summing the points in the respective lines of the parents: if the sum is an even number, then the resulting figure's line will have two points, and if the sum is odd then the line will have one point. Conceptually, this is the same procedure in mathematical logic as the exclusive or, where a line with two points is used instead of "false" and a line with one point instead of "true".[14]

From the four nepotes, the two testes (or Witnesses) are formed in the same manner as the nepotes: the first and second Nieces form the Right Witness, and the third and fourth Nieces form the Left Witness. From the Witnesses, using the same addition process, the iudex, or Judge, is formed. A sixteenth figure, the Reconciler or superiudex, is also generated by adding the Judge and the First Mother, although this has become seen as extraneous and a "backup figure" in recent times.


Interpretation of the charts

The shield chart most likely provided an early visual guide to generating the figures, and the interpreted answer would center on the fifteenth and sixteenth figures, the Judge and Reconciler. Skilled geomancers observe the whole chart, interpreting (among other things) meanings of the figures based on where they place in the chart, the numerical significance of the total points, and the similarities produced by added figures. Generally, the Judge represents the answer to the question, the Right Witness describes the querent's side of the query, the Left Witness represents the quesited's side, and the Reconciler represents the effect of the outcome (or Judge) upon the querent. The skilled geomancer can dedeuce root causes to the situation, hidden influences, the outcome and its aftermath, and general trends and events in the querent's life through interpreting the chart.

One division of the shield chart for interpretation involves triplets of the figures called triplicities.[15] Each triplicity contains two of the Mothers or two of the Daughters and the Niece that results from them. They can be interpreted in a manner similar to the Witnesses and Judge, in that the right parent represents the past, the child the present, and the left parent the future; another way to interpret such a triplet views the right parent as the querent's side, allies, resources, and opinions, the left parent as the quesited's side, and the child as the interaction of the two sides.

Triplicity Figures Involved Interpretation
First Triplicity First Mother, Second Mother, First Niece The querent's health, disposition, outlooks, and habits. Current trends in the querent's life.
Second Triplicity Third Mother, Fourth Mother, Second Niece The influences in the querent's life at the time of the reading. Factors that shape the querent's life and the situation surrounding the query.
Third Triplicity First Daughter, Second Daughter, Third Niece The places most frequented by the querent, including the home and the workplace. People and objects found at those places. Family, partners, and housemates of the querent.
Fourth Triplicity Third Daughter, Fourth Daughter, Fourth Niece Friends, associates, coworkers, colleagues of the querent, as well as people in authority over the querent. Situations and factors caused by external sources.

Another method of evaluating a geomantic chart involves taking the total sum of all points from 16 figures within the shield chart. In order to evaluate how quickly the queried situation would resolve, Pietro d'Abano suggested that the total sum be compared to the sum of all points in the sixteen geomantic figures, which is 96.[16] If the sum of the chart is 96, then the resolution of the query will be "swift, and neither slow nor doubtful;" in other words, that all things that could be acted upon in the situation described by the query would resolve without delay nor ahead of schedule. If the sum is less than 96, then it will resolve quickly, and in a degree proportional to the difference between 96 and the total. Conversely, if the sum is more than 96, then it will resolve slowly.


The house chart corresponding to the shield chart above. The Witnesses, Judge, and Reconciler are not shown.
FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_housechart.svg

European geomancers provided an alternate method of interpreting the figures through the house chart, which feature the twelve astrological houses. Here, they assign the figures from the shield chart to the houses in the house chart; the order used differs between different circles of occultists. While European geomancers still used the shield chart to generate the figures and provide most answers, they augmented geomancy with astrological techniques in the house chart. Based upon the query, they could provide a deeper insight into the querent's life, factors shaping the query itself, and the extent of the situations involved. They took note when several houses shared the same figure; as this figure passes from one house to the next, it generally indicates that the same situation or event affects each of those houses.[17]

Pietro d'Abano discusses the primary modes of perfection used in geomantic interpretations with significators in his geomancy essay.[16] In astrological geomancy, the significators are chosen based upon the identity of the querent and the identity of the quesited. Generally, except when the querent asks about a situation about a subject with no immediate connection to themselves, the querent's significator is located in the first house (see Derivative house). The quesited's significator is identified based upon the focus of the query: this is based upon the relation of the query to the astrological houses. Some questions require more than two significators, such as in a query involving several primary factors (e.g. two parties quarelling over an estate). Queries that have a yes-or-no, or possible-impossible, answer can easily be answered with these modes of perfection. If the chart perfects, the answer is "yes"; otherwise, in the case of denial of perfection, "no". The nature of the figures themselves should also be considered; if a chart perfects with negative figures, for instance, the matter will resolve but the querent may not like the result. On the other hand, if the chart does not perfect but the figures are good, then the matter will not resolve even though the querent can make do successfully without it.

Mode of perfection Interaction of the figures Interpretation
Occupation The querent's significator and the quesited's significator are the same figure. A natural connection between querent and quesited. The matter will resolve by the querent's own nature without extra effort.
Conjunction One of the significators moves to a house directly beside the house of the other significator. The querent and quesited meet each other. The significator that moves shows which party must work to attain the resolution: if the querent's significator moves to the quesited's, then the querent will need to work for the resolution. Otherwise, the quesited will work things out without need from the querent.
Mutation The two significators appear next to each other elsewhere in the chart. The resolution will come by some unexpected or unusual manner. Try new avenues that wouldn't normally be expected.
Translation The same figure appears in houses directly beside the houses of the significators. The resolution will come through a third party. A mediator will help bridge the gap between the querent and quesited.
Denial No connection exists between the two significators. The lack of perfection in a chart. The querent and quesited cannot reach each other. No resolution.

In addition to modes of perfection, geomancers often took note of aspects between those figures that passed to other houses, and especially ones that made aspects to the significators. Often, when a chart denied perfection, geomancers would observe how the significators aspected each other; the aspects here retain similar meanings from astrology.

Christopher Cattan advocates using the strength of the astrological houses in determining the resolution.[17] By observing the nature of the figures (good or ill, depending on the query) and what type of house they fall in (angular, succedent, or cadent), he judges the total effect of the figures on the query. The figures that fall in cadent houses have little to no effect, those that fall in succedent houses have a transient effect, and those that fall in angular houses have the strongest and most lasting effect upon the query.

Other examples of astrological technique used in geomancy include assigning zodiacal rulerships to the geomantic figures, linking geomantic figures to parts of the body based on zodiacal rulers, and assigning planetary spirits, intelligences, and genii to the figures based on their ruling planets.


Geomancy and mathematics

The four binary elements of each figure allow for 16 different combinations, each called a tableau. As each chart is generated from the four Mothers, there are a total number of 164, or 65536, possible charts. Due to the mathematics of the chart, only figures that have an even number of points total can become Judges;[14] each of the eight Judges then has 8192 charts associated with it. Traditional practitioners of geomancy use this knowledge as a type of parity check on the chart to ensure that no mistakes have been made while computing the figures.

In each chart, if all sixteen figures are observed (the four Mothers, the four Daughters, the four Nieces, the Witnesses, Judge, and Reconciler), at least two of the figures must be the same. However, as the Reconciler is usually termed an optional figure, 16 combinations of Mother figures can yield a chart where the Mothers, Daughters, Nieces, Witnesses, and Judge are all unique. Notably, Populus cannot appear in these charts, since mathematically it either requires two figures to be the same in order to be formed, or produces a duplicate figure when added to another figure. In such charts, the Judge will always be one of Conjunctio, Amissio, Carcer, or Acquisitio. The sixteen combinations of Mothers, in order from the First to the Fourth Mother, are

Puer, Caput Draconis, Tristitia, Albus
Conjunctio, Puella, Fortuna Major, Tristitia
Puella, Puer, Tristitia, Albus
Puella, Cauda Draconis, Tristitia, Albus
Rubeus, Laetitia, Puella, Puer
Rubeus, Laetitia, Cauda Draconis, Puella
Rubeus, Laetitia, Cauda Draconis, Caput Draconis
Rubeus, Laetitia, Caput Draconis, Puer
Acquisitio, Puella, Albus, Fortuna Major
Laetitia, Fortuna Minor, Puer, Conjunctio
Laetitia, Fortuna Minor, Acquisitio, Cauda Draconis
Cauda Draconis, Caput Draconis, Tristitia, Albus
Caput Draconis, Amissio, Fortuna Major, Tristitia
Caput Draconis, Carcer, Albus, Fortuna Major
Fortuna Minor, Rubeus, Puer, Amissio
Fortuna Minor, Rubeus, Carcer, Cauda Draconis

Mathematician Ron Eglash, while studying fractal structures in African culture, identified a binary recursive process that used self similarity to create a random number generator from an initial set of lines that the geomancer draws on the ground. This technique was brought to Europe by way of North African Islamic mystics. It is very likely that these mystics had previously obtained the approach from traditional African societies by way of interactions between the West African and North African trade or Islamic kingdoms. Unlike the practices in many other regions (e.g. the Middle East and China) which utilized base 10 numeric systems, the base 2 system utilized in geomancy had long been widely applied in sub-Saharan Africa. Partly inspired by the geomantic technique, Gottfried Leibniz, a German mathematician, developed the binary code theory, which later was the base for Boolean algebra and modern computers.[18]

Other forms of geomancy

The Arabic tradition consists of sketching sixteen random lines of dots in sand. This same process survived virtually unchanged through its introduction to Europe in the medieval era, and survives to this day in various Arabic countries. Sikidy and other forms of African divination also follow techniques that have remained virtually unchanged.

In Africa one traditional form of geomancy consists of throwing handfuls of dirt in the air and observing how the dirt falls. It can also involve a mouse as the agent of the earth spirit. Ifá, one of the oldest forms of geomancy, originated in West Africa, and uses the same sixteen geomantic figures as in Arabic and Western geomancy with different meanings and names; the process is shortened to using only two figures. In China, the diviner may enter a trance and make markings on the ground that are interpreted by an associate (often a young or illiterate boy). Similar forms of geomancy include scrying involving the patterns seen in rocks or soil.


The eight trigrams used in I Ching.
FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Family_Ba_Gua.gif

The Chinese divination practice of the I Ching has several striking similarities to geomancy. It includes a series of binary trigrams (as opposed to tegtragrams used in geomancy) that are generated at random, the resulting figures of which are taken in combination. However, the figures are not added or reorganized as in geomancy, but are instead taken to form a single hexagram. While there are 23, or eight, trigrams, there are 26, or 64, hexagrams. This yields a smaller set of resulting charts than geomancy.

Kumalak is a type of geomancy practiced in Kazakhstan, Tuva, and other parts of Central Asia.[19] Kumalak makes use of a three by three grid, wherein a shaman will ritually place up to 41 beads. These shamans use kumalak more to connect with their ancestors and spiritual guides than to obtain information through divination. Further, shamans who use kumalak must be initiated and taught how to perform the rituals of kumalak correctly. According to them, kumalak is an ancient system of knowledge reaching back to the roots of their civilization.

In Korea, this tradition was popularized in the ninth century by the Buddhist monk Toson. In Korea, geomancy takes the form of interpreting the topography of the land to determine future events and or the strength of a dynasty or particular family. Therefore, not only were location and land forms important, but the topography could shift causing disfavor and the need to relocate. The idea is still accepted in many South East Asian societies today, although with reduced force.[20]

In the 19th century, Christian missionaries in China translated feng shui as "geomancy" due to their observations of local shamans and priests manipulating the flow and direction of energy based on aesthetics, location, and position of objects and buildings. Although it stems from a distinct tradition, the term "geomancy" now commonly includes feng shui. Similarly, the introduction of a similar Indian system of aesthetics and positioning to harmonize the local energies, vastu shastra, has come under the name "geomancy". Due to the definition having changed over time (along with the recognized definition of the suffix -mancy), "geomancy" can cover any spiritual, metaphysical, or pseudoscientific practice that is related to the Earth. In recent times the term has been applied to a wide range of other occult and fringe activities, including Earth mysteries and the introduction of ley lines and Bau-Biologie.

References

^ Skinner, Stephen (1980). Terrestrial Astrology: Divination by Geomancy. London: Routeledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. pp.14-5
^ Ibid. p. 17
^ Eglash, Ron (1997). "Bamana Sand Divination: Recursion in Ethnomathematics." American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 99, No. 1 (Mar., 1997), pp. 112-122
^ Skinner, Stephen (1980). Terrestrial Astrology: Divination by Geomancy. London: Routeledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. p. 88
^ Ibid. pp. 94-7
^ a b Brenner, Louis (2000). "Muslim Divination and the Religion of Sub-Saharan Africa." Insight and Artistry in African Divination. ed. John Pemberton III. Smithsonian Institution Press. pp. 50-1
^ Maupoil, Bernard. "Contribution àlétude de l'origine musulmane de la géomancie dans le Bas-Dahomey." Journal de la sociéte des africanistes", volume 13, pp. 17-8.
^ Josten, C.H. (1964). "Robert Fludd's Theory of Geomancy and His Experiences at Avignon in the Winter of 1601 to 1602", Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, vol. 27, pp. 327-335
^ Pennick, Nigel (1995). The Oracle of Geomancy. Capal Bann Publishing. ISBN 1-898307-16-4.
^ Powers, Serena. Serena's Guide to Geomancy. Serena's Guide to Divination.
^ Ibid. Serena's Guide to Kumalak.
^ Savage-Smith, E.; Smith, M. B.; King, D. (1982). "A Islamic Geomancy and a 13TH-CENTURY Divinatory Device." BULLETIN CENTER ARCH. V.5, P. 42.
^ Eglash, Ron (1997). "Bamana Sand Divination: Recursion in Ethnomathematics." American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 99, No. 1 (Mar., 1997), pp. 112-122
^ a b Marcia Ascher, Malagasy Sikidy: A Case in Ethnomathematics, New York: Academic Press, 1997.
^ Greer, John Michael (2009). The Art and Practice of Geomancy. San Francisco: Weiser Books. ISBN 978-1-5786-431-6. pp. 96-9.
^ a b Greer, John Michael (1999). Earth Divination, Earth Magic. St. Paul: Llewellyn Publications. ISBN 1-56718-312-3. pp. 195-214.
^ a b Cattan, Christopher (1591). The Geomancy of Master Christopher Cattan, Gentleman.
^ Transcript of Mathematician Ron Eglash's talk on fractals and their manifestations in various African cultures
^ Kumalak Geomancy Tolga Savas - Ancient Shamanic Divination Methods Shamanic Divination Methods
^ Peter H. Lee and Wm. Theodore de Bary eds, Sources of Korean Tradition Volume 1, New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.

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Numero di messaggi : 1826
Data d'iscrizione : 22.03.10
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MessaggioOggetto: Re: La Geomanzia   Lun 20 Giu 2011 - 11:07

Completo gli articoli precedenti con le figure geomantiche. Buona lettura!

FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geomantic_figures

Geomantic figures
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


The sixteen geomantic figures.
FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_figures.svg

The 16 geomantic figures are the primary symbols used in the art of divinatory geomancy. Each geomantic figure represents a certain state of the world or the mind, and can be interpreted in various ways based upon the query put forth and the method used to generate the figures. When geomancy was introduced to Europe in the Middle Ages, the figures acquired astrological meanings and new forms of interpretation. They bear superficial resemblance to the ba gua, the eight trigrams used in the I Ching, although geomancy has an African origin, not a Chinese one.

Properties of the figures


Each figure has four lines or rows, with each row representing one of the elements; each row can be either active or passive. Above, Puer is shown to have the Fire, Air, and Earth lines active, but the Water line remains passive.
FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_elemenalLines.svg

Each of the figures are composed of four lines, each line containing either one or two points. Each line represents one of the four classical elements: from top to bottom, the lines represent fire, air, water, and earth. When a line has a single point, the element is said to be active; otherwise, with two points, the element is passive. Because there are four lines, and since each line can be either active or passive, there are 24, or 16, different figures. The different combinations of elements yields different representations or manifestations of the figure's energy.

Each figure can be said to have a ruling element, whereby that element's energy and manifestations correlates most closely to the figure itself. With the exception of Populus, the ruling element for each figure is always represented as active (a single point in the corresponding line). For figures with only one active element, that element by default is its ruling element; other combinations of active and passive elements require more introspection to assign rulerships. Populus, consisting of all passive lines, is ruled by Water by its nature of being entirely passive and taking on the reflective qualities of water whenever an outside force acts upon it.


Ruling Element Figures Ruled
Fire Laetitia, Cauda Draconis, Fortuna Minor, Amissio
Air Puer, Rubeus, Acquisitio, Conjunctio
Water Populus, Via, Albus, Puella
Earth Fortuna Major, Tristitia, Caput Draconis, Carcer


While the elements just described are from the geomantic tradition, another set of elemental assignments are used based on the figures' astrological connections. These elements are assigned based on the zodiac sign of a given figure. The geomantic element is said to reflect the nature of a figure when viewed alone; the astrological element reflects its nature when acting with other figures.


Ruling Element Figures Ruled
Fire Puer, Fortuna Major, Fortuna Minor, Acquisitio, Cauda Draconis
Air Albus, Puella, Tristitia
Water Populus, Via, Rubeus, Laetitia
Earth Amissio, Conjunctio, Caput Draconis, Carcer


Another classification of the geomantic figures involves their quality, which is either stable or mobile. The quality of a figure represents its duration of effect or motion, such that a figure with a stable quality will represent a long-term situation or that a certain object remains where it was left, while a mobile figure represents a transient effect upon the real world. In simple "yes or no" style divinations, stable figures indicate a positive answer, while mobile figures indicate a negative one.


Quality Figures
Stable Acquisitio, Albus, Puella, Populus, Tristitia, Caput Draconis, Carcer, Fortuna Major
Mobile Laetitia, Cauda Draconis, Amissio, Fortuna Minor, Rubeus, Puer, Conjunctio, Via



Originally, the quality was shown in terms of entering or exiting figures, where, from the viewer's point of view, the figure would be pointing towards (downward) or away from (upward) the viewer. Entering figures have the stable quality, while the exiting figures have the mobile quality; when an entering figure is rotated upside-down, it becomes an exiting figure, and vice versa. However, based on this classification, the four figures that point in both directions regardless of rotation have the quality of both entering and exiting, and must be evaluated in terms of its neighbors or generating figures.



Direction Figures
Entering Acquisitio, Albus, Puella, Tristitia, Caput Draconis, Fortuna Major
Exiting Laetitia, Cauda Draconis, Amissio, Fortuna Minor, Rubeus, Puer
Both Populus, Via, Carcer, Conjunctio



In the generation of the geomantic charts, the primary answer is given by the figure called the Judge. Based upon the mathematics involved in generating the charts, the Judge figure must always have an even number of points. For this reason, all the figures that can appear as Judges (i.e. have an even number of points) are also termed impartial figures; they represent objective states of the world observable equally by any party. The ones with odd numbers of points are termed partial or personal due to their subjective and emotional nature.


Type Figures
Impartial Populus, Via, Carcer, Conjunctio, Amissio, Acquisitio, Fortuna Major, Fortuna Minor
Partial Laetitia, Tristitia, Rubeus, Albus, Cauda Draconis, Caput Draconis, Puella, Puer


In the Middle Ages, when geomancy was introduced to Europe where astrology was the foremost occult science, the geomantic figures obtained astrological correspondences to the Zodiac and to the planets. Based on their zodiacal correspondences, astrologers assigned new elemental rulerships (henceforth known as outer elemental rulers, whereas the previous elemental assignments will be known as inner elemental rulers) based on the element of their zodiacal ruler. The exceptions to the planetary rulerships were the figures Cauda Draconis and Caput Draconis, which were assigned to the northern and southern lunar nodes instead.


Planet Diurnal figure Nocturnal figure
Sun Fortuna Major Fortuna Minor
Moon Populus Via
Mercury Albus Conjunctio
Venus Puella Amissio
Mars Puer Rubeus
Jupiter Acquisitio Laetitia
Saturn Tristitia Carcer
Lunar nodes Caput Draconis Cauda Draconis


Traditionally, the energies and manifestations of the planets were different based on their declination or motion; for the planets Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn, the diurnal energy represents the planet in direct motion, while the nocturnal energy refers to the retrograde motion of the planets. For the Moon, this was illustrated by the waxing or waning periods of the Moon, respectively; the Sun's figures were based on the Sun during the day (or northern declination) or during the night (southern declination). The zodiacal rulerships followed from the diurnal or nocturnal planetary rulership: nocturnal figures are assigned earth and water signs, while diurnal figures are assigned fire and air signs. The North Node is assigned, by Gerard of Cremona, to Sagittarius and the South Node to Virgo (for the sake of finding the ascendant in astrological traditions of geomancy). Once the zodiacal rulerships were agreed upon, all the following correspondences followed upon the geomantic figures, including what part of the body they each ruled over, different countries, planetary hours, body and character types, and so on.


Operations of the figures

Addition of figures

The structure of the figures themselves can be directly translated into binary numbers, such as those used by modern computers, with passive lines representing the numeral 0 (or logic low) and active lines representing the numeral 1 (or logic high). This structure is exploited in computation of more figures by means of the XOR function used widely in computer science and electrical systems; when two figures are "added" to form a new figure (where points in the lines of the same elements are summed, divided by two, and the remainder taken), the logical operation obtains the new figure by determining which lines are different. The lines that have different numbers of points results in a line with one point (logic high), and lines with the same number of points results in a line with two points (logic low). The result of adding two figures is usually interpreted to mean the interaction between the two parties (the parent figures) or the present situation (when one parent represents the past and the other parent represents the future).


Inversion of figures

In the same fashion how Boolean values or binary numbers can be inverted, geomantic figures can likewise be inverted. By inversion, figures whose lines are active become passive and vice versa. In this manner, Puer becomes Albus, Populus becomes Via, and so forth. Inversion represents a polarity of action, e.g. the rashness of Puer balanced by the calmness of Albus.


Reversion of figures

Reversion, or rotation, of figures is the process that replaces the fire line of a figure with the earth line, the air line with the water line, and vice versa. By reversion, Puer and Puella are reverted pairs, as are Rubeus and Albus. Not all figures have a unique reversion: the figures that are neither entering nor exiting revert into themselves, and the other figures with even points revert into their inverted figure. Reversion often represents an axial polarity, such as the male and female axis between Puer and Puella.


The geomantic figures

Via


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_via.svg

Latin for "the Way". The figure resembles a road or path. It is considered bad of most things, but good with concerns of roads, travels, or journeys. Astrologically it is associated with Cancer and the waning Moon, and both its inner and outer elements are water. All the elements in Via are active, and as such the figure indicates change more than any other figure. Regarding the outcome of the situation being divined, it is neutral, unless change by itself infers a positive or negative result. This figure inverts any figure when added, giving it another meaning of change. Its planetary ruler is Chashmodai, its Intelligence is the Intelligence of Intelligences Malkah beTarshishim ve-ad Ruachoth Shechalim, and its Spirit is the Spirit of Spirits is Shad Barshemoth ha-Shartathan. It is associated with the deities Diana and Mercurius, and the angels Gabriel and Muriel. It is associated with the stomach.


Cauda Draconis


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_caudadraconis.svg

Latin for "the Tail of the Dragon" and the figure of the south node of the Moon. It is considered very bad in most situations, such that in older traditions if this was the first figure drawn the geomancy reading was stopped. It is only good in circumstances for ending or completing things, such as breaking up a relationship. It brings good with evil, and evil with good. It is associated with the malefic planets Saturn and Mars, and the astrological sign Virgo. Its inner and outer element are both fire. Its planetary intelligences are Agiel and Graphiel, and its spirits are Zazel and Bartzabel; it is associated with the deities Mavors, Saeturnus, and Athena, and the angels Cassiel, Samael and Malchidael. It is associated with the left arm.


Puer


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_puer.svg

Latin for "the Boy". The figure is a representation of a sword or erect phallus and refers to male energies, primarily aggression and passion, but also war and male sexuality. It is bad in most cases, but good in situations where boys (in Antiquity and Medieval society) excelled: love and war. Astrologically it is associated with Aries and Mars. All elements are active except Water, the element of emotion; its inner element is air, but due to it being ruled by Mars, its outer element is fire. Its planetary intelligence is Graphiel and its spirit is Bartzabel; it is associated with the deities Mavors and Athena, and the angels Samael and Malchidael. It is associated with the head.


Fortuna Minor


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_fortunaminor.svg

Latin for "the Lesser Fortune". The figure is symbolic of success coming down like beams of light from the Sun. Astrologically it is associated with Leo and the Sun in southern declinations; both its inner and outer elemental rulers are fire. It indicates a weakly positive outcome in nearly all questions, representing transient success that is dependent upon outside help. It favors situations that can be resolved quickly and do not need to be sustained. It is a figure of change and instability. Its planetary intelligence is Nakhiel and its spirit is Sorath; it is associated with the deities Apollo and Jupiter, and the angels Michael and Verchiel. It is associated with the spine.


Puella


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_puella.svg

Latin for "the Girl". The figure is to resemble the vulva or a woman with exaggerated breasts. It is good in most situations, especially with women, beauty, or feminine situations. Astrologically it is associated with Libra and Venus; its outer element is air, but its inner element is water. It represents peace and passivity, which can be either positive or negative depending on the question being answered, though generally positive, requiring to be acted upon instead of it acting on a situation. It is the symbol of feminine sexuality, balancing the energy of Puer. Its planetary intelligence is Hagiel and its spirit is Kedemel; it is associated with the deities Venus and Vulcanus, and the angels Anael and Zuriel. It is associated with the kidneys, lower back, buttocks, and skin.


Amissio


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_amissio.svg

Latin for "Loss". The figure is of two bowls or cups turned upside-down. Astrologically, it is associated with Taurus and Venus retrograde. Its inner element is fire but ruled outwardly by earth. In general, the figure is bad or negative figure for all charts except those for love (being a figure of Venus) or where loss is desired and denotes loss. Often it represents something outside of one's grasp. Its planetary intelligence is Hagiel and its spirit is Kedemel; it is associated with the goddess Venus, and the angels Anael and Asmodel. It is associated with the neck and throat.


Carcer


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_carcer.svg

Latin for "the Prison". The figure is the outline of an enclosure, a link in a chain, or prison cell. It is usually bad in situations and denotes delays, setbacks, or bindings. Astrologically it is associated with Capricorn and Saturn retrograde; its inner and outer element is earth. It refers to immobility, and also thereby strength. Depending on the question it could indicate a restriction or a source of willpower. It is generally unfavourable, but can be favourable in questions involving stability or security. Its planetary intelligence is Agiel and its spirit is Zazel; it is associated with the deities Saeturnus and Vesta, and the angels Cassiel and Hanael. It is associated with the knees and skeletal system of the body.


Laetitia


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_laetitia.svg

Latin for "Joy". The figure resembles an arch, fountain, or rainbow. It is good in situations that concern potential, joy, or happiness. Astrologically it is associated with Pisces and Jupiter retrograde. It is ruled externally by water, but inwardly by fire. It is a positive figure for nearly all questions, representing fast situations and construction. It indicates upward motion, happiness, or joy. Its planetary intelligence is Iophiel and its spirit is Hismael; it is associated with the deities Jove and Neptunus, and the angels Sachiel and Barchiel. It is associated with the feet.


Caput Draconis


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_caputdraconis.svg

Latin for "the Head of the Dragon". The figure resembles the astrological symbol the north node of the Moon. It is neutral figure (good with good, evil with evil) but fortunate with starting or beginning new things. It is favourable for beginnings and profit, and otherwise favourable with other favourable figures, and unfavourable with unfavourable ones. It is associated with the benefic planets Jupiter and Venus, and assigned to the zodiac sign of Sagittarius; its outer element is fire due to its association with Sagittarius while its inner element is earth. Its planetary intelligences are Iophiel and Hagiel and its spirits are Hismael and Kedemel; it is associated with the deities Venus, Iove, and Vulcanus, and the angels Sachiel, Anael, and Zuriel. It is associated with the right arm.


Conjunctio


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_conjunctio.svg

Latin for "the Conjunction". The figure resembles a crossroads or joining of two figures. The sign is neutral in meaning (good in good things, evil in evil), but good with joining or recovering things, especially marriage or relationships. Astrologically it is associated with Virgo and Mercury retrograde. It represents a combination of forces, for good or ill. By itself, it is neutral, only becoming favourable or not by other figures around it. Its outer element is earth, while its inner element is air. Its planetary intelligence is Tiriel and its spirit is Taphthartharath; it is associated with the deities Mercurius and Ceres, and the angels Raphael and Hamaliel. It is associated with the intestines and digestive system.


Acquisito


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_acquisitio.svg

Latin for "Gain". The figure resembles two bowls or cups turned upright. It is good in almost all situations, especially for getting and obtaining things. Astrologically it is associated with Sagittarius and Jupiter, with its outer element ruled by fire and its inner element ruled by air. For most charts it is a positive figure, except where a loss is desired. It indicates a gain financially, mentally, or in any other form, or something within one's grasp. Its planetary intelligence is Iophiel and its spirit is Hismael; it is associated with the deities Jove and Diana, and the angels Sachiel and Adnachiel. It is associated with the hips and thighs.


Rubeus


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_rubeus.svg

Latin for "Red". The figure is an overturned glass; an inversion, meaning good in all that is evil, and evil in all that is good. Like the Tail of the Dragon, the figure is considered so unfavourable that if it were the first in a reading, the reading would end. Astrologically it is associated with Scorpio and Mars retrograde; its inner element is ruled by air, and its outer element ruled by water. It represents passion, deception, violence, and vice. Its planetary intelligence is Graphiel and its spirit is Bartzabel; it is associated with the god Mavors, and the angels Samael and Barbiel. It is associated with the reproductive and excretory systems along with the genitals.



Fortuna Major


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_fortunamajor.svg

Latin for "the Greater Fortune". The figure resembles blessings growing from the earth and being fruitful in the air. It is good in all situations in a best case scenario sense and represents great good fortune, especially in beginnings. Astrologically it is associated with Leo, like Fortuna Minor, but by the Sun in northern declinations. Its inner element is earth while its outer element is fire. It denotes power and success, and so is very favourable in conflicts and contests; being a figure of stability and long-term success, it also denotes hardship at the outset of an endeavor. Its planetary intelligence is Nakhiel and its spirit is Sorath; it is associated with the deities Apollo and Jupiter, and the angels Michael and Verchiel. It is associated with the heart and chest.



Albus


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_albus.svg

Latin for "White". The figure resembles an upright glass or goblet. It is good in most situations, especially with good figures in company, but itself is a weak figure. Astrologically it is associated with Gemini and Mercury; even though its inner element is water, its outer element is air. It represents peace, wisdom and purity. It benefits beginnings and profit, or any situation where careful and deliberate planning is needed. Its planetary intelligence is Tiriel and its spirit is Taphthartharath; it is associated with the deities Mercurius and Apollo, and the angels Raphael and Ambriel. It is associated with the shoulders and lungs.


Tristitia


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_tristitia.svg

Latin for "Sorrow". The figure resembles a broken arch or a stake being driven into the ground. It is bad in most cases and connotes sadness or mourning. Astrologically it is associated with Aquarius and Saturn. Tristitia is an unfavorable figure in almost all questions, usually representing pain and suffering. However, it is favorable in questions dealing with stability, building, or the Earth (such as agriculture). Its outer element is air and inner element is earth. Its planetary intelligence is Agiel and its spirit is Zazel; it is associated with the deities Saeturnus and Juno, and the angels Cassiel and Gabriel. It is associated with the ankles and lower legs.


Populus


FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Geomantic_populus.svg

Latin for "the People". The figure resembles a bird's eye view of a group of people. The figure can mean that the outcome is based on the people of the situation, or represents a large number of people or peers. Astrologically it is associated with Cancer and the waxing Moon; both its inner and outer elements are water. It refers to a gathering or assembly of people and is very neutral, for though there may be a great deal of movement within the crowd, there is very little effect on the crowd as a whole. It is favorable with favorable figures, and unfavorable with unfavorable ones. Its planetary ruler is Chashmodai, its Intelligence is the Intelligence of Intelligences Malkah beTarshishim ve-ad Ruachoth Shechalim, and its Spirit is the Spirit of Spirits is Shad Barshemoth ha-Shartathan. It is associated with the deities Diana and Mercurius, and the angels Gabriel and Muriel. It is associated with the breasts and torso.


References

Modern works
Greer, J. M. (1999). Earth Divination, Earth Magic. Llewellyn Worldwide. ISBN 1-56718-312-3.
Greer, J. M. (2009). The Art and Practice of Geomancy. Weiser Books. ISBN 978-1-57863-431-6
Hartmann, F. (1889). The Principles of Astrological Geomancy. ISBN 0-89254-101-6.
Skinner, S. (1980). Terrestrial Astrology. Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. ISBN 0-7100-0553-9.
Medieval and Renaissance works
Gerard of Cremona. On Astrological Geomancy.
Henry Cornelius Agrippa. Of Geomancy (English translation of the Fourth Book of Occult Philosophy).
Means, Laurel. "A translation of Martin of Spain's De Geomancia." In Popular and Practical Science of Medieval England, ed. Lister M. Matheson, 61-121. East Lansing: Colleagues Press, 1994.
Pietro d'Abano. Modo judicandi questiones (English translation as The Method of Judging Questions in Greer (1999), p.195-214)
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