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 Nagualism - Carlos Castaneda

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MessaggioOggetto: Nagualism - Carlos Castaneda   Mer 13 Ott 2010 - 19:17

FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagualism_%28Carlos_Castaneda%29

Nagualism (Carlos Castaneda)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nagualism (pronounced nah-wa'hl ism) [1] Nagualism is a path of action that utilizes a disciplined set of techniques to achieve the attainment of a transcendent reality. Nagual refers to three subset definitions within the 12 books by Carlos Castaneda The first, Nagual as source of the universe. The Nagual has been described as an Impersonal, yet personal source of the center of spirituality. In short, it interacts in human existence but the Nagual does not have human emotional qualities of compassion, love or empathy, In short the Nagual does not "care" for humans individually. The second being, Nagual as the spiritual realm outside known reality and third Nagual as spiritual leader of a group of apprentice warriors. The first, refers to a fundamental yet inconceivable dimension of reality that may be harnessed by a 'Man of Knowledge' or 'Sorcerer' (Spanish: Brujo). According to the philosophy of Nagualism some individuals store "energy" to make use of such "Powers" [2]. Such a person (who is referred to as a Nagual - cf. nagual) is able to lead apprentices of the "Warriors Path" and other receptive persons to dimensions of higher consciousness. . Thus Carlos Castaneda's Spirit guide, Nagual Don Juan Matus, often referred to himself as the Nagual for his "party of warriors" - warrior here referring to ones who walk the "Warriors Path" to become 'Men of Knowledge'. (Women also play an equal role within Nagualism.The wording could be "Women of Knowledge" and imply equal status within the group.) To understand the nagual one is instructed to: "... Turn everything into what it really is, the abstract, the spirit, the Nagual." [3] this is the final definition of Nagual given in the body of work by Carlos Castaneda. The ultimate power of the universe is also referred to as the "Eagle".

In the worldview of Don Juan Matus's, reality is seen as multi-dimensional, multi-faceted reality that under ordinary circumstances human beings only perceive in part; the known part of reality with which humans are familiar is called the Tonal. The spiritual Nagual is that dimension of reality for which we are not conscious but is in fact constitutes the greater part of reality. Here the Nagual bears some resemblance to the psychoanalytic concept of the unconscious. It has also been said that the Nagual is all that is, and that it condenses to form the Tonal. The Nagual and the Tonal as dual aspects of reality and being such are perceived either through the First Attention, where we experience the Tonal, or the Second Attention where we experience the Nagual. To Don Juan the Tonal is often associated with the masculine aspect of the universe and the Nagual to the feminine. The Tonal can roughly be linked to the concept of Ego or conscious mind. Three states are described in the text by Castaneda, the known, the unknown and the unknowable. When one is able to perceive the Second Attention they are considered "Seers" or "Dreamers".

A Nagual leader is the "Benefactor" of an apprentice in the Nagualist philosophy. The "Benefactor" is a direct link or intermediary to the "Nagual" and guides an apprentice to obtain what has been called "Total Freedom" that is analogous to religious concepts of liberation. The Second Attention or 'Nagual Awareness' is a goal of warriors and their apprentices. In some Mesoamerican traditions psychotropic plants, or as Naguals called them "power plants", were utilized to experience the Nagual, as well as other states of awareness. Three plants were mentioned in the text, Datura wrightii (See "Toxicity" on link Datura) , Lophophora williamsii and Psilocybe mexicana or Psilocybe cubensis. Psilocybe was used by the early natives of Central America over 2,000 years ago and was known to the Aztecs as teonanacatl ("flesh of the gods"). All are hallucinogenic and nonnarcotic. It should be mentioned that no references were made in the text regarding Cannabis Sativa or coca derivatives. It was also stated by Don Juan Matus that "plants" were not absolutely needed to acquire "Knowledge" but were used as an aid in achieving it [4] . Warriors might also use the four winds.[5].

The source of Nagualism is unknown. Don Juan Matus referred to himself as a Yaqui Shaman [6] and as a Toltec (artisan). The Toltec's predated the Aztec Empire in Mexico, covering most of its present day location. The Toltec's were an advanced civilization, at this time New World civilizations may predate Old World developments in human culture (See, Caral). Shamanism is more representative of a hunting and gathering society. Also was mentioned by Don Juan Matus that his cultural heritage was, "Yoeme" or Yaqui, Native Americans from the Sonora Desert region of North America.

Controversy surrounds Nagualism. Needless to say, using words and phrases like Sorcerer, Witch, Shape Shifter and numerous unorthodox methods to understand and in some instance advocate the use of spiritual knowledge will strike deep chords of objection among many. Nagualism has its detractors, if not its enemies. Some critics believe Nagualism to be a complete hoax and has no merit what-so-ever. In the final analysis the readers of Carlos Castaneda's books on Nagualism must decide.


"...this is not a work of fiction. What I am describing is alien to us; therefore, it seems unreal."

CARLOS CASTANEDA, The Eagle's Gift; prologue

Contents
[hide]

* 1 Nagualistic Techniques
o 1.1 Seeing
o 1.2 Dreaming
o 1.3 Impeccability
o 1.4 Death as an Adviser
o 1.5 Not Doing
o 1.6 Stalking
o 1.7 Recapitulation
o 1.8 Luminous Egg (Cocoon or beings)
* 2 Brief description of books (editors note: This section is a quote under GNU license) [22]
* 3 Books by Carlos Castaneda
o 3.1 Books Forwarded by Carlos Castaneda
o 3.2 Associated authors (Carlos' Apprentices)
* 4 References
o 4.1 Internal Links
o 4.2 Other Relevant Internal Links
o 4.3 External links

Nagualistic Techniques

Also called, "The Warriors Path" is composed of numerous techniques to create a break between ordinary consciousness there by connect to the Nagual or spiritual, they are numerous and can be found throughout the text by Carlos Castaneda. In addition to Castaneda's books, the books of Víctor Sánchez, Don Miguel Ruiz, Theun Mares, Merilyn Tunneshende, Florinda Donner-Grau, Taisha Abelar and others have detailed techniques to use to experience the Second Attention. Individually or collectively they maybe employed to transform a "Warrior" into a "Man of Knowledge". Major ones are presented here.


"You have to have an unbending intent in order to become a man of knowledge."

DON JUAN MATUS, A Separate Reality

Seeing

In time, the warrior apprentice might achieve a state known as 'Seeing' [7] (second sight or "foresight" (Second Sight, implying visions. Foresight, inferring the ability to see the future before it happens. Though neither definition is completely accurate.)). 'Seeing' is the ability to see past the ordinary affairs of the world, to intuit ( intuition, see "Intuition and spirituality" ) the core of life's realities and its unknown realities as well. Three cognitive states are recognized by Nagualists, the known, those things that we have learned or experienced, the unknown those things within the grasp of human understanding and the unknowable, those things that come from outside human understanding, the Nagual. "Seers" can perceive all three states. The highest order of 'Seeing" is the ability to 'See' the Eagle (the Nagual), followed by the "lines of the world" and luminous beings. It is also possible for "Seers" to perceive inorganic beings called 'entities' and "allies".


"Seeing must be direct, for a warrior can't use his time to unravel what he himself is seeing . Seeing is seeing because it cuts through all that nonsense. In the beginning seeing is confusing and it's easy to get lost in it. As the warrior gets tighter, however, his seeing becomes what it should be, a direct knowing. A warrior asks a question, and through his seeing he gets an answer, but the answer is simple."

DON JUAN MATUS, Tales of Power

Dreaming

Dreaming, a technique employed by Warriors to achieve a "dreaming body" or "Double". The technique requires the apprentice to see his hands in sleep dreaming. Once the hands are envisioned the dreaming process has begun. The "Double" or dreaming body is a metaphysical manifestation of the self that can be employed by the dreamer to do any number of tasks. Individuals within the realm of the Tonal (day-to-day conscience) would see the "Other" (also known as the "Double") as ordinary persons or as other metaphysical (see philosophy) beings. Seers, would see them as very bright luminous beings, brighter then their human luminous counterparts. As such the dreamer and the dreamed become one but not in the same place or time. Dreaming might be compared with experiences such as lucid dreaming. Through the art of "Dreaming" Naguals theoretically can shape shift into numerous forms including but not exclusively the following: coyotes, crows, and non animals.

Gazing is another form of "dreaming" and is a waking meditative state.


"I am going to teach you right here the first step to power. I am going to teach you how to set up dreaming. To set up dreaming means to have a concise and pragmatic control over the general situation of a dream, comparable to the control one has over any choice in the desert for instance, such as climbing up a hill or remaining in the shade of a water canyon. You must start by doing something very simple. Tonight in your dreams you must look at your hands. Don't think it's a joke. Dreaming is as serious as seeing or dying or any other thing in this awesome, mysterious world."

DON JUAN MATUS, Journey to Ixtlan

Impeccability

The literal translation, perfect execution of a task or tasks. Impeccable, flawless.


"It doesn't matter what anybody says or does. You must be an impeccable man yourself. The fight is right here in this chest. It takes all the time and all the energy we have to conquer the idiocy in us. And that's what matters. The rest is of no importance. To be an impeccable warrior will give you vigor and youth and power."

DON JUAN MATUS, The Second Ring of Power

Death as an Adviser

The apprentice is encouraged to take on his death as an adviser. When considering any decision the apprentices Death should be consulted. Death the ever present watcher is never far from us, always at arms length, ready to take the individual at any moment. This reality should be a conscious functioning aspect of the Warriors reality at all times. This realization stifles the natural human inclination to be petty.[8]


"How can anyone feel so important when we know that death is stalking us. The thing to do when you're impatient is to turn to your left and ask advice from your death. An immense amount of pettiness is dropped if your death makes a gesture to you, or if you catch a glimpse of it, or if you just have the feeling that your companion is there watching you"

DON JUAN MATUS, Journey to Ixtlan

Not Doing

'Inner silence" or "stopping the internal dialogue" (Introspection) or the internal conversation we maintain within ourselves throughout normal human awareness and cognition. Not unlike Buddhist meditation or Yoga meditation. To smash, to break the grip of the known reality is a difficult task, numerous methods within Nagualism are undertaken to bring about this result, referred to as 'stopping the world' [9] . "Not doing" [10] is one of them. "Not doing" consists of stopping the internal dialogue, changing one routines and habits [11], at times in seemingly bizarre and extreme ways. 'Erasing personal history" [12] , includes creating a veil of secrecy around one's self and can extend to removing one's self from one's family and all current conditions, if practised to its extremes. "Losing self-importance" [13] promotes the loss of ones self centeredness or ego in an attempt to become "formless" and including the use of two techniques called the 'petty tyrant' and the "worthy opponent" [14] .


"Little by little you must create a fog around yourself; you must erase everything around you until nothing can be taken for granted, until nothing is any longer for sure, or real. Your problem now is that you're too real. Your endeavors are too real; your moods are too real. Don't take things so for granted. You must begin to erase yourself."

DON JUAN MATUS, Journey to Ixtlan

Stalking

Stalking is utilized in three ways. To stalk "Power" through the acquisition of spiritual knowledge. The second, stalking one's self to eliminate one's weaknesses and third to stalk individuals to acquire apprentices. [It should be made clear at this point that Nagualism, though not entirely devoid or ethical or moral concerns in a philosophical context, neither does it advocate moral or ethical practises as a rule, yet the individual moral character of its practitioners does play a major role in the utilization of this technique and the others mentioned here.] Stalkers begin as "Hunters" [15] which might literally mean hunting game animals or becoming a plant hunters or using methods used by either. 'Reaffirmation from the world" [16] around us are used by both Hunters and Stalkers. "Erasing personal history" [17] is also used in conjunction with "Stalking"'. Becoming "accessible" [18] and "inaccessible" [19] to power are also utilized within the confines of the teachings.


"What is the art of stalking ? A hunter just hunts, a stalker stalks anything, including himself. An impeccable stalker can turn anything into prey. We can even stalk our own weaknesses. You do it in the same way you stalk prey. You figure out your routines until you know all the doing of your weaknesses and then you come upon them and pick them up like rabbits inside a cage."

DON JUAN MATUS, The Second Ring of Power

Recapitulation

Recapitulation (Castaneda)[20] is a painstaking review of one's past to glean from an apprentice's history energy caches left within memorable events.

"Every warrior, as a matter of duty, collects a special album," don Juan went on, "an album that reveals the warrior's personality, an album that attests to the circumstances of his life."

DON JUAN Matus, The Active side of Infinity

A technique used to create a facsimile of the self for the Eagle and cleanse the apprentice. An appropriate breathing practice is essential to the technique. This method is important to stalking and acts in conjunction with it. [21]

"Florinda said that her benefactor directed her to write down a list of the events to be relived. He told her that the procedure starts with an initial breath."

CARLOS CASTANEDA, The Eagles Gift

Luminous Egg (Cocoon or beings)

In the writings of Carlos Castaneda, Don Juan Matus explained several energetic facts perceived by directly seeing energy in the universe. He explained that seers perceive a conglomerate of luminous fibers enclosed in a luminous egg, which in this reality (the Tonal) would be a human being. This said, these luminous fibers are conscious of themselves and never touch each other when they are not encased in luminous eggs. There are an incalculable number of fibers in the void. There is a spot in the luminous egg that in a human body is at arms length in the direction towards the back of the left shoulder blade. It is at the "Assemblage point" where reality is constructed. The conglomerate of luminous fibers match the fibers outside of it a new reality comes into existence. Don Juan instructed Carlos that there are millions of realities around us all we needed to do was to move our assemblage point to perceive them. It is through the manipulation of this assemblage point and other lines of force that Naguals might do extraordinary feats, like flying.


"We are luminous beings. We are perceivers. We are an awareness; we are not objects; we have no solidity. We are boundless. The world of objects and solidity is a way of making our passage on earth convenient. It is only a description that was created to help us. We, or rather our reason, forget that the description is only a description and thus we entrap the totality of ourselves in a vicious circle from which we rarely emerge in our lifetime."

DON JUAN MATUS, Tales of Power

Brief description of books (editors note: This section is a quote under GNU license) [22]

* The Teachings of Don Juan, A Yaqui Way of Knowledge - description of plant allies and way towards knowledge: mescalito (peyote cactus)- the protector of man, seeing beings as liquid colors; mushrooms- learning to handle, fly, and perceive as animal form; datura (weed)- female spirit, hard to handle, gives strength, lengthy procedure. This book was unique of the series in that the last part included a detailed scholarly "Structural Analysis" of the teachings.
* A Separate Reality - Discusses the ideas of will, controlled folly, and seeing (as opposed to looking) as tools a warrior uses to be a man/person of knowledge.
* Journey to Ixtlan - lessons about the warriors way, or stalking the world, routines, personal history, self-importance, death as an advisor, not-doing, dreaming
* Tales of Power - description of points of perception in body or luminous cocoon, tonal or toñal (1st attention, known, right side awareness, [possibly the left-brain]) and nagual (2nd attention, unknown, left side awareness, right-brain), dreaming double
* The Second Ring of Power - describes events after Don Juan's departure, experiences with the women warriors of the original nagual's party, 2nd attention (second ring of power), losing "human 'form'", human mold, dreaming, gazing
* The Eagle's Gift - description of the force that creates, destroys, and rules the universe (or at least the 48 bands of earth), also source of emanations themselves, description of the eagle's command to man, the rule of the nagual, various levels of petty tyrants, and way towards freedom, self-stalking and dreaming, power spots. Note that Don Juan described the energy-structure/entity called eagle a thing that is not what we call an eagle, but rather a thing so vast as to be incomprehensible.
* The Fire From Within - step by step (actually chapter by chapter) elucidation of the mastery of awareness or the new seers' knowledge: everything is energy (the Eagle's emanations or luminous emanations), the luminous cocoon and assemblage point(glow of awareness), the known (1st attention or tonal), unknown (2nd attention or nagual), unknowable (outside luminous cocoon), petty tyrants as a way to move assemblage point and foster warrior's way, twin worlds of organic and inorganic ( more correctly matter-beings and non-matter-bound beings -- carbon-based/not carbon based wasn't what was meant), shifting the assemblage point and other bands of awareness, bundles of emanations that are the basis for the different species source of awareness and forms/molds, the human mold, the rolling force or tumbler (that hits luminous cocoon), the death defier, self-stalking, intent, and dreaming.
* The Power of Silence - stories about essentially the mastery of intent, set into what were called sorcery cores.
* The Art of Dreaming - steps to mastering control and consciousness of dreams.
* Magical Passes - descriptions with photos of sorcery-based physical movements intended to increase well-being, a system which became known as Tensegrity
* The Active Side of Infinity - recapitulation, making a log of significant life events (as seen by the spirit)
* The Wheel of Time - recollection of the mood in which each previous book was written; significant quotes from each previous book

The nine popular works (as opposed to the academic or scholarly works) of Carlos Castaneda are organized into three sets of three, where each set corresponds to a Toltec mastery: the mastery of awareness, the mastery of transformation, and the mastery of intent. For each mastery there is also a compendium that describes essential teachings from the overall body of work. The three compendiums were published posthumously.

Each mastery is described in four works, three works presented in story form and one work compiled as a cross-set reference:

The Mastery of Awareness

* The Teachings of Don Juan: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge (1968)
* A Separate Reality: Further Conversations with Don Juan (1971)
* Journey to Ixtlan: The Lessons of Don Juan (1972)
* Compendium - Magical Passes: The Practical Wisdom of the Shamans of Ancient Mexico (1998)

The Mastery of Transformation

* Tales of Power (1975)
* The Second Ring of Power (1977)
* The Eagle's Gift (1981)
* Compendium - The Active Side of Infinity (1999)

The Mastery of Intent

* The Fire from Within (1984)
* The Power of Silence: Further Lessons of Don Juan (1987)
* The Art of Dreaming (1993)
* Compendium - The Wheel Of Time : The Shamans Of Mexico (2000)

The following list generally defines each mastery:

* Mastery of Awareness – The Mastery of Awareness entails the re-emphasis of awareness from the world of the tonal (every day objects) to the world of the nagual (spirit). During this stage of development the warrior-traveler endeavors to minimize self importance and gather energy. First and foremost, the student is encouraged to take action and assume responsibility for his or her life.
* Mastery of Transformation – During The Mastery of Transformation the warrior-traveler endeavors to cleanse and retrieve energy and to hone his only link to spirit, the intuition. The warrior-traveler becomes impeccable by empirically testing this connection and eventually banishing all doubts, accepting his or her fate, and committing to follow a path with heart.
* Mastery of Intent – Once the warrior-traveler has accumulated enough surplus energy, enough personal power, the dormant second attention is activated. Dreaming becomes possible. The warrior-traveler maintains impeccability, walks the path with heart, and waits for an opening to freedom.

[edit] Books by Carlos Castaneda

* The Teachings of Don Juan: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge (1968) ISBN 0-520-21757-8
* A Separate Reality: Further Conversations with Don Juan (1971) ISBN 0-671-73249-8
* Journey to Ixtlan: The Lessons of Don Juan (1972) ISBN 0-671-73246-3
* Tales of Power (1974) ISBN 0-671-73252-8
* The Second Ring of Power (1977) ISBN 0-671-73247-1
* The Eagle's Gift (1981) ISBN 0-671-73251-X
* The Fire from Within (1984) ISBN 0-671-73250-1
* The Power of Silence: Further Lessons of Don Juan (1987) ISBN 0-671-73248-X
* The Art of Dreaming (1993) ISBN 0-06-092554-X
* Magical Passes : The Practical Wisdom of the Shamans of Ancient Mexico (1999) ISBN 0-06-092882-4
* The Active side of Infinity (2000) ISBN 0-06-092960-X
* The Wheel of Time (2001) ISBN 0-14-019604-8.

[edit] Books Forwarded by Carlos Castaneda

* The Sorcerer's Crossing: A Woman's Journey Forward (1993) by Carlos Castaneda ISBN 9780140193664
* The Witch's Dream (1997) Forward by Carlos Castaneda ISBN 9780140195316

Note: Spanish language versions are available
[edit] Associated authors (Carlos' Apprentices)

* Florinda Donner-Grau. Shabono: A Visit to a Remote and Magical World in the South American Rain Forest by (1982,1992) ISBN 0-06-250242-5
* Florinda Donner-Grau. The Witch's Dream. 1st edition 1985 ISBN 0-671-55198-1; current re-print (1997) ISBN 0-14-019531-9
* Florinda Donner-Grau. Being-In-Dreaming: An Initiation into the Sorcerers' World (1992) ISBN 0-06-250192-5
* Taisha Abelar. The Sorcerer's Crossing. 1st hardback edition 1992. 1993 edition ISBN 0-14-019366-9

[edit] References

1. ^ Carlos Castaneda, The Power of Silence, Introduction. page IX, Washington Square Press, 1991, ISBN 978-0-671-73248-6.
2. ^ Carlos Castaneda, The Power of Silence, Introduction. pages X and XI, Washington Square Press, 1991, ISBN 978-0-671-73248-6.
3. ^ Carlos Castaneda,The Art of Dreaming, Chapter 1, Page 6: Sorcerers of Antiquity: An Introduction (1977) ISBN 0-671-73247-1
4. ^ Carlos Castaneda, Journey to Ixtlan -- The Lessons of Don Juan, Chapter 18: The Sorcerer's Ring of Power, 1972, ISBN 0-671-73246-3
5. ^ The Second Ring of Power, The Transformation of Dona Soledad, 1977, ISBN 0-671-73247-1
6. ^ Carlos Castaneda, The Active Side of Infinity, Chapter 1: The Active side of Infinity, (2000) ISBN 0-06-092960-X
7. ^ Carlos Castaneda, Journey to Ixtlan -- The Lessons of Don Juan, Chapter 18: The Sorcerer's Ring of Power, 1972, ISBN 0-671-73246-3
8. ^ Carlos Castaneda, Journey to Ixtlan -- The Lessons of Don Juan, Chapter 4: Death as an Adviser, 1972, ISBN 0-671-73246-3
9. ^ Carlos Castaneda, Journey to Ixtlan -- The Lessons of Don Juan, Chapter 19: Stopping the World, 1972, ISBN 0-671-73246-3
10. ^ Carlos Castaneda, Journey to Ixtlan -- The Lessons of Don Juan, Chapter 15: Not-Doing, 1972, ISBN 0-671-73246-3
11. ^ Carlos Castaneda, Journey to Ixtlan -- The Lessons of Don Juan, Chapter 8: Disrupting the Routines of Life, 1972, ISBN 0-671-73246-3
12. ^ Carlos Castaneda, Journey to Ixtlan -- The Lessons of Don Juan, Chapter 2: Erasing Personal History, 1972, ISBN 0-671-73246-3
13. ^ Carlos Castaneda, Journey to Ixtlan -- The Lessons of Don Juan, Chapter 3: Losing Self-Importance, 1972, ISBN 0-671-73246-3
14. ^ Carlos Castaneda, Journey to Ixtlan -- The Lessons of Don Juan, Chapter 17: A Worthy Opponent, 1972, ISBN 0-671-73246-3
15. ^ Carlos Castaneda, Journey to Ixtlan -- The Lessons of Don Juan, Chapter 6: Becoming a Hunter, 1972, ISBN 0-671-73246-3
16. ^ Carlos Castaneda, Journey to Ixtlan -- The Lessons of Don Juan, Chapter 1: Reaffirmations from the World Around Us, 1972, ISBN 0-671-73246-3
17. ^ Carlos Castaneda, Journey to Ixtlan -- The Lessons of Don Juan, Chapter 2: Erasing Personal History, 1972, ISBN 0-671-73246-3
18. ^ Carlos Castaneda, Journey to Ixtlan -- The Lessons of Don Juan, Chapter 10: Becoming Accessible to Power, 1972, ISBN 0-671-73246-3
19. ^ Carlos Castaneda, Journey to Ixtlan -- The Lessons of Don Juan, Chapter 7: Being Inaccessible, 1972, ISBN 0-671-73246-3
20. ^ Carlos Castaneda, The Active Side of Infinity, Chapter 5: The Active side of Infinity, (2000) ISBN 0-06-092960-X
21. ^ Carlos Castaneda, The Eagle's Gift, Chapter 14: Florinda, page 146-147, 1981, ISBN 0-671-73251-X
22. ^ From site, The Leaves of Wisdom [1], Quoted under GNU license.

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