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 Native American mythology

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Femminile Serpente
Numero di messaggi : 1826
Data d'iscrizione : 22.03.10
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Località : Prov. CN

MessaggioOggetto: Native American mythology   Sab 27 Nov 2010 - 17:06

FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_mythology

Native American mythology
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Native American mythology is the body of traditional narratives associated with Native American religion from a mythographical perspective. Native American belief systems include many sacred narratives. Such spiritual stories are deeply based in Nature and are rich with the symbolism of seasons, weather, plants, animals, earth, water, sky & fire. The principle of an all embracing, universal and omniscient Great Spirit, a connection to the Earth, diverse creation narratives and collective memories of ancient ancestors are common. Traditional worship practices are often a part of tribal gatherings with dance, rhythm, songs and trance.

Tribal/National Mythology

* Abenaki A North American tribe located in the northeastern United States. Religious ceremonies are led by shamans, called Medeoulin (Mdawinno).
* Anishinaabe A North American tribe located primarily in the Great Lakes
* Aztec. A Mesoamerican empire centered in the valley of Mexico.
* Blackfoot A North American tribe who currently live in Montana. Originally west of the Great Lakes in Montana and Alberta as participants in Plains Indian culture.
* Cherokee. A North American culture situated in the southeastern United States and in Oklahoma.
* Cree A plain indian tribe who also lived in Alberta, Canada.
* Creek A North American nation from the southeastern United States. The shaman was called an Alektca.
* Crow A North American tribe from the Great Plains area of the United States. The shaman of the tribe was known as an Akbaalia ("healer").
* Guarani A South American people of the south-central part of South America, especially the native peoples of Paraguay and parts of the surrounding areas of Argentina, Brazil, and Bolivia.
* Ho-Chunk and Winnebago are North Americans tribes which were once a single tribe living in Wisconsin.
* Hopi A North American community located in the southwestern United States.
* Incan A South American empire based in the central Andes mountain range.
* Inuit A North American people culturally similar to other peoples of the polar regions.
* Lakota A North American tribe, also known as the Sioux.
* Lenape A North American tribe from the area of the Delaware River.
* Lummi A North American tribe from the Pacific Northwest, Washington State area.
* Mapuche, A South American culture of Chile and some regions of Argentina.
* Maya, A Mesoamerican people of southern Mexico and Northern Central America.
* Miwok mythology, A North American people in Northern California.
* Navajo A North American nation from the southwestern United States.
* Ohlone mythology, A North American people in Northern California.
* Pawnee A North American tribe originally located in Nebraska, United States.
* Pomo mythology, A North American people in Northern California.
* Seneca A North American people, one of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy from the northeastern United States.
* Wyandot A North American people (sometimes referred to as the Huron) originally from Ontario, Canada, and surrounding areas.


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Femminile Serpente
Numero di messaggi : 1826
Data d'iscrizione : 22.03.10
Età : 39
Località : Prov. CN

MessaggioOggetto: Re: Native American mythology   Sab 27 Nov 2010 - 17:23

FONTE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creek_mythology

Creek mythology
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Creek mythology is related to an American Indian Creek people who are originally from the southeastern United States, also known by their original name Muscogee (or Muskogee), the name they use to identify themselves today.[1] Mvskoke is their name in traditional spelling. Modern Muscogees live primarily in Oklahoma, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida. Their language, Mvskoke, is a member of the Creek branch of the Muskogean language family. The Seminole are close kin to the Muscogee and speak a Creek language as well. The Creeks were considered one of the Five Civilized Tribes. After the Creek War many of the Creeks escaped to Florida to create the Seminole.

Contents
[hide]

* 1 History
* 2 Creation
* 3 References
* 4 See also


A digital illustration of a S.E.C.C. Falcon Dancer by the artist Herb Roe, based on a whelk shell engraving from Spiro, Oklahoma.
FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Chromesun_mississippian_birdman.jpg

History

The early historic Creeks were probably descendants of the mound builders of the Mississippian culture along the Tennessee River in modern Tennessee[2] and Alabama, and possibly related to the Utinahica of southern Georgia. More of a loose confederacy than a single tribe, the Muscogee lived in autonomous villages in river valleys throughout what are today the states of Tennessee, Georgia, and Alabama and consisted of many ethnic groups speaking several distinct languages, such as the Hitchiti, Alabama, and Coushatta. Those who lived along the Ocmulgee River were called "Creek Indians" by British traders from South Carolina; eventually the name was applied to all of the various natives of Creek towns becoming increasingly divided between the Lower Towns of the Georgia frontier on the Chattahoochee River, Ocmulgee River, and Flint River and the Upper Towns of the Alabama River Valley.

The Lower Towns included Coweta, Cusseta (Kasihta, Cofitachequi), Upper Chehaw (Chiaha), Hitchiti, Oconee, Ocmulgee, Okawaigi, Apalachee, Yamasee (Altamaha), Ocfuskee, Sawokli, and Tamali. The Upper Towns included Tuckabatchee, Abihka, Coosa (Kusa; the dominant people of East Tennessee and North Georgia during the Spanish explorations), Itawa (original inhabitants of the Etowah Indian Mounds), Hothliwahi (Ullibahali), Hilibi, Eufaula, Wakokai, Atasi, Alibamu, Coushatta (Koasati; they had absorbed the Kaski/Casqui and the Tali), and Tuskegee ("Napochi" in the de Luna chronicles).

Cusseta (Kasihta) and Coweta are the two principal towns of the Creek Nation to this day. Traditionally the Cusseta and Coweta bands are considered the earliest members of the Creek Nation.[1]

[edit] Creation


Several S.E.C.C. Motifs on a ceremonial stone palette found at the Moundville Archaeological Site in Moundville, Alabama
FONTE IMMAGINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Chromesun_moundville_stone_palette01.jpg

The Creek believe that the world was originally entirely underwater. The only land was a hill, called Nunne Chaha, and on the hill was a house, wherein lived Esaugetuh Emissee ("master of breath"). He created humanity from the clay on the hill.

The Creek also venerated the Horned Serpent Sint Holo, who appeared to suitably wise young men.

The shaman was called an Alektca.

In the underworld, there was only chaos and odd creatures. Master of Breath created Brother Moon and Sister Sun, as well as the four directions to hold up the world.

The first people were the offspring of Sister Sun and the Horned Serpent. These first two Creeks were Lucky Hunter and Corn Woman, denoting their respective roles in Creek Society.

Hisagita-imisi (meaning "preserver of breath"; also Hisakitaimisi) was the supreme god, a solar deity. He is also called Ibofanga ("the one who is sitting above (us)").

[edit] References

1. ^ a b Transcribed documents Sequoyah Research Center and the American Native Press Archives
2. ^ Finger, John R. (2001). Tennessee Frontiers: Three Regions in Transition. Indiana University Press. pp. 19. ISBN 0-253-33985-5.

See also

* Creek people
* Creek language
* Choctaw mythology
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